|Elevation||177 m (581 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Precipitation||923.9 millimetres (36.37 in)|
The municipality of Fazilka was formed with Punjab Government notification no. 486, on 10 December 1885. The town was added to the Ferozepur district in 1884. On 27 July 2011, Fazilka was declared a District by Government of Punjab with Gazette Notification No. 1/1/2011-RE-II(I)/14554.
Fazilka, like many towns situated on the Indo-Pak border, has suffered difficulties dating back to the time of Partition in 1947. The Radcliffe line, the border recommended by departing British colonial authorities, divides natural resources, houses and people. The River Satluj, which is a common source of water, is currently a border between the two countries.
Before partition, 50% of Fazilka population was Muslim. All of them left India for Pakistan in 1947. Most of the villages around Fazilka are dominated by Muslim families, mainly the Bodla, Watto, Sahoo Rajpoot,kalya Rajpoot and Chistis clans.
Many people from Fazilka pay an annual visit to Katasraj - a Hindu Holy city in Pakistan - usually in August. Fazilka is also known as Bangla - "Heart of Malwa."
Demographics and geography
As of the 2011 Indian census, Fazilka had a population of 76,492. Males constitute about 52% of the population and females 48%. Fazilka has an average literacy rate of 70.7% : male literacy is 74.6%, and female literacy is 66.4%. In Fazilka, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Languages and dialects
- Saraiki and Lehndi, spoken by Rai Sikhs, Kambojas and migrants from Sahiwal (Pakistan)
- Mahajani, spoken by migrants from deep Sindh and Southern Punjab
- Malwai, spoken by settlers from the erstwhile Faridkot state
- Theth Punjabi, spoken by migrants from Majha and Doaba
- Bagri, spoken by Jat Peoples
Fazilka is known for a style of jhumar dance propagated by the late Baba Pokhar Singh (1916–2002). Pokhar Singh's family had migrated from the Montgomery district of Western Punjab, and they claimed to represent the "Ravi" style of jhumar. However, Fazilka had its own style of jhummar (which they refer to as the "Satluj" style). Therefore, at least two regional styles were mixed in everyday life, and in his jhummar routine (which was basically the same each time, and which family and friends still perform today), Pokhar identified several other regional movements. Moreover, Bollywood personality Mandira Bedi has a family connection to this city.
The climate of the Fazilka District is, on the whole, dry and is characterized by a very hot summer, a short rainy season and a bracing winter. The year may be divided into four seasons. The cold season is from November to March. This is followed by the summer season which lasts up to about the end of June. The period from July to the middle of September constitutes the south-westerly monsoon season. The latter half of September and October may be termed the post-monsoon or the transition period.
The first railway line through the town was set up in 1898 on the occasion of the Diamond Jubilee of the accession of Queen Victoria. Fazilka was connected by railway to McLeodganj (now in Pakistan and renamed Mandi Sadiqganj) on the route to Bahawalnagar and then to Bahawalpur. Fazilka was connected by railway to Amruka (now in Pakistan) through Chaanwala. The tracks from Fazilka to McLeod Ganj and from Fazilka to Chaanwala are now closed, perhaps uprooted.
Fazilka railway station is connected to Ferozepur and Bhatinda junctions of Northern Railways. A new 43 km long railway line to Abohar towards the south has been constructed to shorten the distance to Bikaner by over 100 km. Trains on the new railway line to Abohar started in July 2012 and an express train started between Sri Ganganagar and Firozpur via Abohar and Fazilka in November 2012 on this track.
National Highway 10 passes through Fazilka and connects to Delhi via Hissar and Rohtak. The State highway runs from Fazilka to Ferozepur and from Fazilka to Malout And Both Road are very clean. Fazilka to Abohar.
Fazilka does not have a public bus transport system. Rickshaws are the available means of transport within the city. These rickshaws are now dispatched by telephone by the Fazilka Ecocab Call Centre.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fazilka.|
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- Dr. Bhupinder Singh, Fazilka Voices, Newsletter of GWAF.
- Dr. Nahar Singh (1988). Panjaabi Lok-Naach: Sabhiaachaarak Bhoomika te Saarthakta ["Punjabi Folk-Dance: Cultural Role and Significance"], Lokgit Prakashan. Translated, with editorial remarks, by Gibb Schreffler (2003)
- "Abohar-Fazilka railway link operational - Times Of India". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 2012-07-17. Retrieved 2013-12-08.
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- "Cycle rickshaws now just a phone call away in Fazilka". Youtube.com. Retrieved 2013-12-08.