Methylthioirontricarbonyl dimer

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Methylthioirontricarbonyl dimer
Fe2 SMe 2 CO 6.svg
Other names
Methanethiolatoirontricarbonyl dimer
ECHA InfoCard 100.035.396
Molar mass 373.94 g/mol
Appearance red crystals
Melting point 65 °C (149 °F; 338 K) (isomer A), 102 °C (isomer B)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Methylthioirontricarbonyl dimer, also known as methanethiolatoirontricarbonyl dimer, is an organometallic compound with the formula Fe2(SCH3)2(CO)6. It is a red volatile solid that is classified as a transition metal thiolate complex. It exists as air-stable red crystals with two isomers, where the methyl groups are either anti (isomer A) or syn (isomer B) with respect to each other.[1]


It was first synthesized 1940[2] with the discovery of isomers in 1962.[3] Synthesis involves treating triiron dodecacarbonyl with dimethyl disulfide:

2 Fe3(CO)12 + 3 (CH3)2S2 → 3 [Fe(CO)3SCH3]2 + 6 CO

It can be purified by recrystallization or by sublimation. The isomers can be separated by chromatography using pentane in an alumina column.


The methylthioirontricarbonyl dimer consists of two iron atoms with distorted square pyramidal coordination geometry. The geometry is octahedral if the Fe-Fe bond is included. Each iron has three terminal carbon monoxide ligands and two bridging methylthiolate ligands. The Fe-Fe distance is 2.537 Å with an average Fe-S bond length of 2.259 Å. The average Fe-S-Fe bond angle is relatively small at 68.33°. Three isomers are possible but only the diequatorial and axial-equatorial isomers are seen. The diaxial isomer is disfavored due to steric hindrance.[4][5] The structurally related compound [Fe(CO)3S]2 has idealized C2v symmetry.


  1. ^ King, R. B. "Organometallic Synthesis, Volume 1: Transition-metal compounds" (1965) Academic Press. ISBN 0124080502
  2. ^ Hieber, W., Scharfenberg, C. "Einwirkung organischer Schwefelverbindungn auf die Carbonyle des Eisens" Chem. Ber. 1949, vol. 73, 1012. doi:10.1002/cber.19400730914
  3. ^ King, R. B. "Organosulfur Derivatives of Metal Carbonyls. I. The Isolation of Two Isomeric Products in the Reaction of Triiron Dodecacarbonyl with Dimethyl Disulfide" J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1962, vol. 84, 2460. doi:10.1021/ja00871a045
  4. ^ Dahl, L. F., Wei, C. H. (1963). "Structure and Nature of Bonding of [C2H5SFe(CO)3]2". Inorg. Chem. 2: 328. doi:10.1021/ic50006a022. 
  5. ^ M. C. Ortega-Alfaro, N. Hernández, I. Cerna, J. G. López-Cortés, E. Gómez, R. A. Toscano, C. Alvarez-Toledano (2004). "Novel dinuclear iron(0) complexes from α,β-unsaturated ketones β-positioned with sulfide and sulfoxide groups". J. Organomet. Chem. 689: 885–893. doi:10.1016/j.jorganchem.2003.12.015.