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Fearless Nadia in 11 O'Clock (1948)
|Born||Mary Ann Evans
8 January 1908
Perth, Western Australia
|Died||9 January 1996
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
|Other names||Mary Evans Wadia|
|Occupation||Film actress and stuntwoman|
|Relatives||See Wadia family|
Mary Ann Evans a.k.a. Mary Evans Wadia a.k.a. Fearless Nadia (8 January 1908 – 9 January 1996) was an actress and stuntwoman, who is most remembered as the masked, cloaked adventurer in Hunterwali (Woman with a whip) released in 1935, which was one of the earliest female-lead Indian films.
Fearless Nadia was born as Mary Ann Evans on 8 January 1908 in Perth, Western Australia. She was the daughter of Scotsman Herbertt Evans, a volunteer in the British Army, and Margret. They lived in Australia, before coming to India. Mary was one year old when Herbertt's regiment was seconded to Bombay. Mary came to Bombay in 1913 at the age of five with her father.
In 1915, her father’s untimely death at the hands of Germans during World War I prompted the family’s move to Peshawar (now in Pakistan). She learned horseback riding, hunting, fishing, and shooting during a stay in the North-West Frontier Province (now Khyber Pakhtunkhwa). In 1928, she returned to Bombay with her mother and a son, Robert Jones, about whom not much is known, and then studied ballet under Madam Astrova.
She had earlier tried her hand at a job in the Army & Navy Store in Bombay as a salesgirl and had at one point wanted to learn "short-hand and typing to get a better job". Astrova’s troupe performed for British soldiers at military bases, for Indian royalty and for other crowds in dusty small towns and villages. She mastered the art of cartwheels and splits, which came in handy later during her film stunts. An Armenian fortune teller had foretold that a successful career lay ahead but she would have to choose a name starting with the letter ‘N’. She chose the name Nadia because it was "exotic-sounding".
She toured India as a theatre artist and began working for Zarko Circus in 1930. She was introduced to Hindi films by Jamshed "J.B.H." Wadia who was the founder of Wadia Movietone, the behemoth of stunts and action in 1930s Bombay. At first, J.B.H. was bemused at Mary's insistence on trying out for the movies, but he took a gamble by giving her a cameo as a slave girl (in a hand-painted colour sequence that accentuated her blonde hair and sparkling blue eyes) in the film Desh Deepak, and then as Princess Parizaad in Noor-e-Yaman. Nadia proved a huge hit with the audience, whereupon, considering her skills at performing circus and other stunts, J.B.H. -- by then joined by his younger brother Homi—chose to develop her into a star. In 1967-68, when she was in her late 50s, she appeared in a James Bond spoof called Khiladi (The Players).
In 1993, Nadia's great grandnephew, Riyad Vinci Wadia, made a documentary of her life and films, called Fearless: The Hunterwali Story. After watching the documentary at the 1993 Berlin International Film Festival, Dorothee Wenner, a German freelance writer, and film curator, wrote Fearless Nadia - The true story of Bollywood's original stunt queen, which was subsequently translated into English in 2005.
- Mary Evans Wadia, aka Fearless Nadia Biography, tifr.res.in; accessed 22 November 2015.
- Hunterwali (1935) NFAI.
- Profile and images, memsaabstory.wordpress.com, 28 January 2008; accessed 22 November 2015.
- "Cinema: Female Interest". Outlook (magazine). 24 November 2003. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
- Shaikh Ayaz. "The woman with a Whip". OPEN: OPEN. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
- Wenner, D.; Morrison, R. (2005). Fearless Nadia: the true story of Bollywood's original stunt queen. Penguin Books. ISBN 9780143032700. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
- "What a stunt!". The Hindu. 28 March 2005. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
- "International focus on 'Fearless Nadia'". The Hindu. 16 March 2008.