Fearn (letter)

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Aicme Beithe Aicme Muine
Beith Muin
Luis Gort
Fearn nGéadal
Sail Straif
Nion Ruis
Aicme hÚatha Aicme Ailme
Uath Ailm
Dair Onn
Tinne Úr
Coll Eadhadh
Ceirt Iodhadh
Ifín Peith

Fearn is the Irish name of the third letter of the Ogham alphabet, ᚃ, meaning "alder-tree". In Old Irish, the letter name was Fern, which is related to Welsh gwern(en). Its Primitive Irish root was *wernā and its phonetic value then was [w]. Its Old Irish and modern phonetic value is [f].


In the medieval kennings, called Bríatharogam or Word Ogham the verses associated with Fearn are:

airenach fían - "vanguard of warriors" in the Word Ogham of Morann mic Moín

comét lachta - "milk container" in the Word Ogham of Mac ind Óc (vessels where made of alder).

dín cridi - "protection of the heart" in the Word Ogham of Culainn.[1]


  1. ^ Auraicept na n-Éces Calder, George, Edinburgh, John Grant (1917), reprint Four Courts Press (1995), ISBN 1-85182-181-3