|Died||25 July 1831 (aged 43)|
Simon's Town, South Africa
|Cause of death||scarlet fever|
|Alma mater||St John's College, Cambridge|
|Spouse(s)||Mary Anne Hervey|
He was born in Cockermouth in Cumbria in 1788, [a] the son of John Fallows, a weaver, and his wife Rebecca Fallas. Due in some part to the dedication of his father and the generosity of the townspeople, the scholarly Fearon was given the funds to attend St John's College, Cambridge, where he studied mathematics, coming third in his year when he graduated in 1813.
He obtained his Master of Arts in 1816 and went on to teach mathematics at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge. He also became a Fellow of St John's College, Cambridge and an ordained priest in the Church of England. On 29 February 1820 he was elected a fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society and on 8 June 1820 he was granted a fellowship of the Royal Society. One of his proposers for his fellowship to the Royal Society was John Herschel (son of William Herschel) whom he met at St John's College, Cambridge. Later in that year he was appointed by the Admiralty to be the astronomer at the Cape of Good Hope, which would involve overseeing the building of an observatory in what was then a British colony.
Before travelling to South Africa, he married Mary Anne Hervey, on 1 January 1821.
Between 1821 and 1829 he worked to site, plan and develop the observatory, which was the first astronomical observatory in the southern hemisphere. He also served the Church of England in his time there.
When he first arrived, he only had two portable instruments and a clock, perhaps a Harrison clock. The instruments were a Circle and a Transit Instrument. When the observatory was built, he used a Jones Mural Circle and a Dolland Transit Circle.
- Fallows, Fearon (1822). "Communication of a Curious Appearance Lately Observed upon the Moon". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Royal Society. 112: 237–238. doi:10.1098/rstl.1822.0018. JSTOR 107681.
- Fallows, Fearon (1824). "A Catalogue of Nearly all the Principal Fixed Stars between the Zenith of Cape Town, Cape of Good Hope, and the South Pole". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. 114: 457–470. doi:10.1098/rstl.1824.0027.
- Birth year not 1789 as claimed by some sources
- Warner, Brian (1997). "The Age of Fallows". Monthly Notes of the Astronomical Society of Southern Africa. 56: 107–8. Bibcode:1997MNSSA..56..107W.
- Hockey, Thomas (2009). Virginia Trimble; Thomas R. Williams; Katherine Bracher; Richard Jarrell; Jordan D. Marché; F. Jamil Ragep (eds.). The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers. Springer Publishing. ISBN 978-0-387-31022-0.
- "Fallows, Fearon (FLWS809F)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Royal Society Archives
- VisitCumbria Archived 23 March 2008 at the Wayback Machine
- Cockermouth History
- "Biographical notice of Rev. Mr. Fallows". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2 (10): 63. March 1832. Bibcode:1832MNRAS...2...63.. doi:10.1093/mnras/2.10.61.
- Clerke, A. M. (2004). "Fallows, Fearon (1788–1831)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/9127. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)