Feast of Saint Mark
The Feast of Saint Mark commemorates Mark the Evangelist and takes place on April 25.
Local observances and customs
In Tresnuraghes, a small village in the Sardinian region of Italy holds a traditional Sardinian feast, the most important one, which is a time of excess consumption that helps solidify the social community. Local shepherd families in this predominantly pastoral community offer sheep and oversee cooking them in a gesture of thanks to Providence. Other families offer bread as thanksgiving or for favors desired. Hundreds of people, mostly from Tresnuraghesi, but a large number of outsiders as well, eat and drink to satiation together.
The 25th of April is national holiday throughout Italy, though not as Saint Mark's Day, but as anniversary of the liberation of Italy from the Nazi-Fascists in World War II (25 April 1945).
Saint Mark's Day (Italian: Festa di San Marco), also known as the rosebud festival (Venetian: festa del bocolo), is a festival in Venice held on 25 April celebrating Venice's patron saint, Saint Mark. On this day, men traditionally give a single rosebud to the women they love.
According to legend, the tradition originated in the 8th century, when a man of low social standing is said to have fallen in love with a noblewoman from Venice. In order to win her father's approval, he became involved in a distant war. He was mortally wounded in battle, but managed to pluck a rose from a nearby rosebush for his loved one. A companion was entrusted with returning the blood-stained rose to his lover.
In Lithuania, St. Mark is considered the guardian of earth and harvests. There was a ban on eating meat in order to have a good harvest. People avoided "touching the earth", i.e. no plowing or digging, to give the earth a rest before the upcoming hard work of planting and harvest.
In Paraíso, Tabasco, Mexico, Saint Mark is celebrated the 25 April due to his patronage on such city.
- Counihan, Carole. The Anthropology of Food and Body. Page 39.
- Bing, Alison. "Venice & the Veneto", 2010.
- Touring Club Italiano. "Guida d'Italia, Venezia", 1985.
- Lithuanian Customs and Traditions