Feast of Saints Peter and Paul

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Feast of Saints Peter and Paul
Mor-Christ-Condé.jpg
Official nameFeast of Saints Peter and Paul, Solemnity of Saints Peter and Paul
Observed byEastern Orthodox Church
Catholic Church
Anglican Church
Lutheran Church
Oriental Orthodoxy
Rome[1]
Ticino, Switzerland
Malta
CelebrationsMass
DateJune 29
Next time29 June 2022 (2022-06-29)
FrequencyAnnual

The Feast of Saints Peter and Paul or Solemnity of Saints Peter and Paul is a liturgical feast in honour of the martyrdom in Rome of the apostles Saint Peter and Saint Paul, which is observed on 29 June. The celebration is of ancient Christian origin, the date selected being the anniversary of either their death or the translation of their relics.[2]

Eastern Christianity[edit]

For Eastern Orthodox and some Eastern Catholic Christians this feast also marks the end of the Apostles' Fast (which began on the Monday following All Saints' Sunday, i.e., the second Monday after Pentecost).[3] While not considered among the twelve great feasts, it is one of five additional feasts ranked as a great feast in the Eastern Orthodox tradition and is often celebrated with an all-night vigil starting the evening before.[4] In the Julian calendar, 29 June falls on the Gregorian calendar date of 12 July from 1900–2099, inclusive.

In the Russian Orthodox tradition, Macarius of Unzha's Miracle of the Moose is said to have occurred during the Apostles' Fast and the Feast of Saints Peter and Paul that followed it.[5]

Oriental Orthodox tradition[edit]

In the Coptic Orthodox Church and the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church, the feast of saints Peter and Paul is also celebrated on the day 5 Epip which is also the end of the fast of the apostles in these traditions.[6]

Spiritual Christian tradition[edit]

Although the Canadian Doukhobors, a Spiritual Christian denomination, do not venerate saints, the Feast of St. Peter and St. Paul has traditionally been a day of celebration for them. Since 1895, it has acquired a new significance as a commemoration of the "Burning of the Arms", the Doukhobors' destruction of their weapons, as a symbol of their refusal to participate in government-sponsored killing.[7] It is celebrated now by their descendants as simply "Peter's Day" (Russian: Petro den.), sometimes referred to as the "Doukhobor Peace Day".[8][9]

Western Christian tradition[edit]

In the General Roman Calendar, the celebration is a solemnity. In earlier editions, it was ranked as a Double (Tridentine Calendar), Double of the First Class (e.g., General Roman Calendar of 1954), or First-Class Feast (General Roman Calendar of 1960). Prior to the liturgical reforms of Pope Pius XII, this feast was followed by a common octave. On this feast, newly created metropolitan archbishops receive from the pope the primary symbol of their office, the pallium.[10]

It is a holy day of obligation in the Latin Church, although individual conferences of bishops can suppress the obligation.[11] In England, Scotland and Wales the feast is observed as a holy day of obligation while in the United States and Canada, it is not. The Feast ceased being a Holy Day of Obligation in the United States in 1840.[12]

The Church of England celebrates the Feast of St Peter and St Paul on 29 June as a festival.[13] The Lutheran churches celebrate 29 June as the Feast of Saints Peter and Paul; it holds the rank of a lesser festival.[14]

The Voice of the Martyrs, a non-governmental organization that aids persecuted Christians, has designated 29 June as the "Day of the Christian Martyr", in honour of the martyrdom of Saints Peter and Paul, as well as all martyrs for the Christian faith.[15]

Because of the importance of saints Peter and Paul to the Catholic Church, many Catholic-majority countries also observe their feast day as a public holiday. The feast is observed in Rome because St. Paul and St. Peter are patron saints of the Eternal City.[16] In the Apulia region of southeastern Italy, the feast of saints Peter and Paul was associated with the Tarantella dance since the middle ages. It was believed that the bite of the tarantula wolf spider caused of form of manic behavior which would result in death if the afflicted did not dance and could not be cured without the intercession of saint Paul. These panics were especially common near the feast day in the 16th and 17th centuries in Galatina, where the basilica of Saint Peter and Paul is located.[17]

In Malta the solemnity is a public holiday and in Maltese is known as L-Imnarja. It is celebrated with festivals the preceding weekend in Buskett Gardens in Rabat.[18]

It is also a public holiday of the Canton of Ticino, Switzerland, as well as parts of the Swiss cantons of Lucerne and Graubünden.[19] It is a public holiday in Peru[citation needed] and in various municipalities of the Philippines.[citation needed] In Ormoc, festivals, bazaars, parades, and pageants are held annually on the feast day, as Peter and Paul are the city's patron saints.[20]

In 1577 Jan Rubens named his son Peter Paul, because he was born during the office of vespers of this day.[21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Festa di San Pietro e Paolo a Roma". www.regioni-italiane.com.
  2. ^  Prat, Ferdinand (1911). "St. Paul". In Herbermann, Charles (ed.). Catholic Encyclopedia. 11. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  3. ^ Kfouf, Fr. Ayman. "The Fast of the Holy Apostles". Archived from the original on 30 June 2012. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
  4. ^ Mother Mary; Ware, Kallistos, "The Festal Menaion", p. 41. St. Tikhon's Seminary Press, 1998.
  5. ^ Count M.V. Tolstoy, Stories from the History of Russian Church (РАССКАЗЫ ИЗ ИСТОРИИ РУССКОЙ ЦЕРКВИ), vol.3 (in Russian)
  6. ^ "5 أبيب - اليوم الخامس من شهر أبيب - السنكسار".
  7. ^ Tarasoff, Koozma J. "Historic 1895 Burning of Guns: descriptions, selections and translations". Spirit-Wrestlers.com. Retrieved 23 June 2016.
  8. ^ Tarasoff, Koozma J. The Doukhobor Peace Day, May 4, 2002
  9. ^ Tarasoff, Koozma J., with Andrei Conovaloff. "Historic 1895 Burning of Guns descriptions, selections and translations". Spirit Wrestlers. Spirit Wrestlers Publishing. Retrieved 20 May 2018.
  10. ^ "Pope modifies and enriches Pallium Investiture Ceremony". Vatican Radio. 29 January 2015. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
  11. ^ Codex Iuris Canonici (1983), canon 1246.
  12. ^ Corcoran, James Andrew; Ryan, Patrick John; Prendergast, Edmond Francis (1886). "American Catholic Quarterly Review, Volume 11". Retrieved 13 June 2020.
  13. ^ "The Church's Year". The Church of England. Retrieved 12 May 2021.
  14. ^ "Feasts and Festivals". Lutheran Church--Missouri Synod. Retrieved 29 June 2019.
  15. ^ "The Day of the Christian Martyr – 29 June 2019". Release International. 29 June 2019. Retrieved 29 June 2019.
  16. ^ Scaramuzzino, Maria (29 June 2020). "Peter and Paul, the patron saints of Rome, the Eternal City". italiani.it. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  17. ^ Anon (1968). Tarantism: St. Paul and the Spider, in Essays and Reviews form the Times Literary Supplement. London: Oxford University Press, pp. 172–183. Originally published in the Times Literary Supplement, 27 April 1967. pp. 173–174
  18. ^ "Feast of Saints Peter and Paul | religious festival". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 11 May 2021.
  19. ^ "Liste der Feiertage in der Schweiz" (PDF). Datumsrechner (in German). Retrieved 12 May 2021.
  20. ^ Reyes, Ronald. "Philippine city holds on to faith despite disasters – UCA News". ucanews.com. Retrieved 12 May 2021.
  21. ^ Historische levensbeschryving van P.P. Rubens Door Jean Francois Marie Michel p.14

External links[edit]