Feast of the Sacred Heart

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Feast of the Sacred Heart
Sacred Heart 1770.jpg
Observed byCatholic Church
Date19 days after Pentecost
2018 dateJune 8
2019 dateJune 28
2020 dateJune 19
2021 dateJune 11

The Feast of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus, Latin: Sollemnitas Sacratissimi Cordis Iesu) is a solemnity in the liturgical calendar of the Roman Catholic Church. It falls 19 days after Pentecost, on a Friday.[1] The earliest possible date is May 29, as in 1818 and 2285. The latest possible date is July 2, as in 1943 and 2038. The devotion to the Sacred Heart is one of the most widely practiced and well-known Roman Catholic devotions, taking Jesus Christ's physical heart as the representation of his divine love for humanity.

Background[edit]

Devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus can be clearly traced back at least to the eleventh century. It marked the spirituality of Saint Bernard of Clairvaux in the twelfth century and of Saint Bonaventure and St. Gertrude the Great in the thirteenth. The beginnings of a devotion toward the love of God as symbolized by the heart of Jesus are found even in the fathers of the Church, including Origen, Saint Ambrose, Saint Jerome, Saint Augustine of Hippo, Saint Hippolytus of Rome, Saint Irenaeus, Saint Justin Martyr and Saint Cyprian, who used in this regard John 7:37-39 and John 19:33-37.[2]

History[edit]

The first liturgical feast of the Sacred Heart was celebrated, with episcopal approval, on 31 August 1670, in the major seminary of Rennes, France, through the efforts of Saint John Eudes. [3] The Mass and Office composed by this saint were adopted elsewhere also, especially in connection with the spread of devotion to the Sacred Heart following on the revelations to Saint Margaret Mary Alacoque and Blessed Mary of the Divine Heart Droste zu Vischering.

A Mass of the Sacred Heart won papal approval for use in Poland and Portugal in 1765, and another was approved for Venice, Austria and Spain in 1788. Finally, in 1856, Pope Pius IX established the Feast of the Sacred Heart as obligatory for the whole Church, to be celebrated on the Friday after the Octave of Corpus Christi. In June 1889, Leo XIII raised the feast to the dignity of the first class.[4] In 1928, Pope Pius XI raised the feast to the highest rank, Double of the First Class, and added an octave; the 1955 reforms of the general Roman calendar suppressed this octave and removed most other octaves.

The Mass prayers and readings approved on that occasion were replaced with new texts in 1929, and the Roman Missal published in 1970 provided three sets of prayers and readings, one for each year of the three-year liturgical cycle.

Priests may use this Mass, celebrated with white vestments, as a Votive Mass on other days also, especially on the first Friday of each month (unless falling on a day of higher rank).

Since 2002, the Solemnity of the Sacred Heart of Jesus is also a special Day of Prayer for the Sanctification of Priests.[5]

In 2009, the feast marked the beginning of a "Year for Priests".[6]

Dates[edit]

Recent dates through to 2100.

  • 2017 – June 23
  • 2018 – June 8
  • 2019 – June 28
  • 2020 – June 19
  • 2021 – June 11
  • 2022 – June 24
  • 2023 – June 16
  • 2024 – June 7
  • 2025 – June 27
  • 2026 – June 12
  • 2027 – June 4
  • 2028 – June 23
  • 2029 – June 8
  • 2030 – June 28
  • 2031 – June 20
  • 2032 – June 4
  • 2033 – June 24
  • 2034 – June 16
  • 2035 – June 1
  • 2036 – June 20
  • 2037 – June 12
  • 2038 – July 2
  • 2039 – June 17
  • 2040 – June 8
  • 2041 – June 28
  • 2042 – June 13
  • 2043 – June 5
  • 2044 – June 24
  • 2045 – June 16
  • 2046 – June 1
  • 2047 – June 21
  • 2048 – June 12
  • 2049 – June 25
  • 2050 – June 17
  • 2051 – June 9
  • 2052 – June 28
  • 2053 – June 13
  • 2054 – June 5
  • 2055 – June 25
  • 2056 – June 9
  • 2057 – June 29
  • 2058 – June 21
  • 2059 – June 6
  • 2060 – June 25
  • 2061 – June 17
  • 2062 – June 2
  • 2063 – June 22
  • 2064 – June 13
  • 2065 – June 5
  • 2066 – June 18
  • 2067 – June 10
  • 2068 – June 29
  • 2069 – June 21
  • 2070 – June 6
  • 2071 – June 26
  • 2072 – June 17
  • 2073 – June 2
  • 2074 – June 22
  • 2075 – June 14
  • 2076 – June 26
  • 2077 – June 18
  • 2078 – June 10
  • 2079 – June 30
  • 2080 – June 14
  • 2081 – June 6
  • 2082 – June 26
  • 2083 – June 11
  • 2084 – June 2
  • 2085 – June 22
  • 2086 – June 7
  • 2087 – June 27
  • 2088 – June 18
  • 2089 – June 10
  • 2090 – June 23
  • 2091 – June 15
  • 2092 – June 6
  • 2093 – June 19
  • 2094 – June 11
  • 2095 – July 1
  • 2096 – June 22
  • 2097 – June 7
  • 2098 – June 27
  • 2099 – June 19
  • 2100 – June 4

References[edit]

See also[edit]