Feasts of Jesus Christ

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Jesus. Mural painting from the catacomb

Feasts of Jesus Christ are specific days of the year distinguished in the liturgical calendar as being significant days for the celebration of events in the life of Jesus Christ and his veneration, for the commemoration of his relics, signs and miracles. While Easter is treated everywhere as the central religious feast in the Christian liturgical year,[1] the other feasts differ in the liturgical practice.

Feast days of Jesus in the Catholic Church[edit]

Since the Second Vatican Council, the Catholic liturgical calendar distinguishes four ranks of celebrations: solemnities, feasts, memorials, and optional memorials. Most of the celebrations of events in the life of Christ are ranked as solemnities. However, there are a few celebrations related to titles or mysteries of Christ which are ranked as feasts, and these are known collectively as "Feasts of the Lord." In the current General Calendar from the Third Edition of the Roman Missal,[2] these are:

In the pre-Vatican II usage, the term feast denoted any celebration, not just a specific rank. Hence, also celebrations which are today termed solemnities of the Lord (e.g. Christmas, Easter, Pentecost, Christ the King) were once deemed Feasts of the Lord.

Feast days of Jesus in the Orthodox Church[edit]

Three main categories of feasts, distinguished in the Orthodox liturgical practice, namely

While Easter is treated as Feast of Feasts, the following eight feasts of Christ are assigned the highest rank of the Great Feasts in the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendars:

Literature[edit]

  • Настольная книга священнослужителя (Nastol’naya Kniga Sviashchenno-sluzhitelia), Volume 4, Moscow, 1983. Translated in «The Messenger» of St. Andrew's Russian Orthodox Cathedral. Philadelphia, June, July–August, September, 1990.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aveni, Anthony (2004). "The Easter/Passover Season: Connecting Time's Broken Circle", The Book of the Year: A Brief History of Our Seasonal Holidays. Oxford University Press. pp. 64–78. ISBN 0-19-517154-3.
  2. ^ Roman Missal Third Edition. Washington, DC: United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. 2011. ISBN 9780814633755.
  3. ^ "General Norms for the Liturgical Year and the Calendar". Congregation for Divine Worship. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
  4. ^ Ordo Lectionum Missae, Editio Typica Altera (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1981).
  5. ^ "General Norms for the Liturgical Year and the Calendar". Congregation for Divine Worship. Retrieved 16 February 2013.