Febrile non-hemolytic transfusion reaction
|Febrile non-hemolytic transfusion reaction|
|Classification and external resources|
Febrile non-hemolytic transfusion reaction is a type of transfusion reaction that is associated with fever but not directly with hemolysis. It is most commonly caused by antibodies directed against donor leukocytes and HLA antigens. This is in contrast to transfusion-associated acute lung injury, in which the donor plasma has antibodies directed against the recipient HLA antigens, mediating the characteristic lung damage. Alternatively, FNHTR can be mediated by pre-formed cytokines in the donor plasma as a consequence of white blood cell breakdown.
It is abbreviated "FNHTR".
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- Yazer MH, Podlosky L, Clarke G, Nahirniak SM (January 2004). "The effect of prestorage WBC reduction on the rates of febrile nonhemolytic transfusion reactions to platelet concentrates and RBC". Transfusion. 44 (1): 10–5. doi:10.1046/j.0041-1132.2003.00518.x. PMID 14692961.
- Heddle NM (November 1999). "Pathophysiology of febrile nonhemolytic transfusion reactions". Curr. Opin. Hematol. 6 (6): 420–6. doi:10.1097/00062752-199911000-00012. PMID 10546797.
- "Complications of Transfusion: Transfusion Medicine: Merck Manual Professional". Retrieved 2009-02-09.