February 14 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Feb. 13 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Feb. 15

All fixed commemorations below are observed on February 27 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For February 14th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on February 1.

Saints[edit]

Pre-Schism Western saints[edit]

Post-Schism Orthodox saints[edit]

New martyrs and confessors[edit]

  • New Hieromartyr Nikolaos of Trebizond, Bishop of Amisos (1920)[31]
  • New Hieromartyr Onesimus (Pylaev), Bishop of Tula (1937)[1][2]
  • New Hieromartyr Tryphon, Deacon (1938)[2]

Other commemorations[edit]

  • 12 Greeks who built the Dormition Cathedral in the Kiev Caves, Far Caves, Lavra (11th century)[2][32][33]
  • Translation of the relics of Martyrs Prince Michael and his counselor Theodore, of Chernigov (1578)[1][2][11][34]
  • Repose of Archimandrite Barsanuphius of Valaam and Morocco (1952)[1]
  • Repose of Righteous Barbara (Arkhangelskaya) the Recluse, of Ufa (1966)[1]
  • Repose of Elder Ephraim of Katounakia (1998)[1]

Icon gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Revised Julian calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
  2. ^ "At Ravenna, St. Eleuchadius, bishop and confessor."[14]
  3. ^ According to the entry in the Roman Martyrology:
    • "AT Rome, on the Flaminian road, in the time of the emperor Claudius, the birthday of blessed Valentine, priest and martyr, who after having cured and instructed many persons, was beaten with clubs and beheaded."[14]
    According to the entry in The Book of Saints, by Ramsgate Abbey:
    • "A Roman priest who, with St. Marius and his family, assisted the Martyrs in the persecution under the Emperor Claudius II. He was beheaded as a Christian about A.D. 270. But modern research has raised many doubts about the genuineness of the tradition concerning him. The custom of sending so-called "Valentines" on Feb. 14 has no connection with the history of the Saint, but is probably of Pagan origin."[15]
  4. ^ According to the entry in the Roman Martyrology:
    • "At Teramo, St. Valentine, bishop and martyr, who was scourged, committed to prison, and as he remained unshaken in his faith, was taken out of his dungeon in the dead of night and beheaded by order of Placidus, prefect of the city."[14]
    According to the entry in The Book of Saints, by Ramsgate Abbey:
    • "A Bishop of Terni, or perhaps of Teramo, in Italy, who suffered martyrdom in the same persecution as the priest St. Valentine of Rome, though it would seem two or three years later."[15]
    Various dates are given for the martyrdom or martyrdoms: 269, 270, or 273.[19]
  5. ^ "In the same place, the holy martyrs Proculus, Ephebus and Apollonius, who, whilst watching by the body of St. Valentine, were arrested and put to the sword by the command of the ex-consul Leontius."[14]
  6. ^ "At Alexandria, the holy martyrs Bassus, Anthony, and Protolicus, who were cast into the sea."[14]
  7. ^ "Also, the holy martyrs Cyrion, priest, Bassian, lector, Agatho, exorcist, and Moses, who perished in the flames and took their flight to heaven."[14]
  8. ^ A monk in one of the daughter monasteries of Montecassino in Italy. Forced to leave his monastery by the wars raging in the country, he became a hermit, until he was invited by the people of Sorrento to live among them. He did so as Abbot of St Agrippinus. He is now venerated as the patron-saint of that town.
  9. ^ "At Sorrento, St. Anthony, abbot, who, when the monastery' of Monte Cassino was devastated by the Lombards, withdrew into a solitude of the neighborhood, where, celebrated for holiness, he passed calmly to his repose in God. His body is daily glorified by many miracles, and particularly by the deliverance of possessed persons."[14]
  10. ^ He was the spiritual confessor of Patriarch Cyril V of Constantinople, whom he supported during the Council of Constantinople (1755-56) when the Patriarch decreed that Western converts must be baptized upon their reception into the Orthodox Church.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q February 14 / 27. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m February 27 / 14. Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Church (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  3. ^ a b c d e f g (Greek) Συναξαριστής. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ECCLESIA.GR. (H ΕΚΚΛΗΣΙΑ ΤΗΣ ΕΛΛΑΔΟΣ).
  4. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Μάρων. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  5. ^ Venerable Maron the Hermit of Syria. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  6. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Αὐξέντιος ὁ ἐν τῷ Ὄρει. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  7. ^ Venerable Auxentius of Bithynia. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  8. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Ἀβραάμης. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  9. ^ St Abraham the Bishop of Charres in Mesopotamia. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  10. ^ Repose of St Cyril, Equal of the Apostles and Teacher of the Slavs. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  11. ^ a b c d Dr. Alexander Roman. February. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  12. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Φιλήμων ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i February 14. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. pp. 47-48.
  15. ^ a b c d The Benedictine Monks of St Augustine's Abbey, Ramsgate (Comp.). THE BOOK OF SAINTS: A Dictionary of Servants of God Canonised by the Catholic Church: Extracted from the Roman and Other Martyrologies. London: A & C Black. Ltd., 1921. p. 263.
  16. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Οὐαλεντίνος ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  17. ^ Martyr Valentinus the Presbyter and those with him at Rome. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  18. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Οὐαλεντίνος ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας Ἐπίσκοπος Τέρνι. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  19. ^ Jack Oruch. "St. Valentine, Chaucer, and Spring in February". Speculum 56.3 (July 1981 pp 534–565) p. 535.
  20. ^ Hieromartyr Valentine the Bishop of Interamna, Terni in Italy. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  21. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Πρόκλος, Ἀπολλώνιος καὶ Ἐφήβιος οἱ Μάρτυρες. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  22. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Βάσσιος, Ἀντώνιος καὶ Πρωτόλικος οἱ Μάρτυρες. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  23. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἀγάθων ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  24. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Ἰσαάκιος ὁ Ἔγκλειστος ὁ ἐκ Ρωσίας. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  25. ^ Venerable Isaac the Recluse of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  26. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Νικόλαος ὁ Νεομάρτυρας ὁ ἐξ Ἰχθύος τῆς Κορινθίας. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  27. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Δαμιανὸς ὁ Ὁσιομάρτυρας. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  28. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Γεώργιος ὁ Νεομάρτυρας ἐκ Μυτιλήνης. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  29. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Αὐξέντιος ὁ ἐν Καρτιλίῳ ἀσκήσας. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  30. ^ St Hilarion the Georgian, the New. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  31. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Νικόλαος ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας ἐκ Τραπεζούντας. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  32. ^ 12 Greeks who built the Dormition Cathedral in the Kiev Caves, Far Caves, Lavra. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  33. ^ The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p. 15.
  34. ^ Translation of the relics of the Martyr Michael of Chernigov. OCA - Lives of the Saints.

Sources[edit]

Greek Sources

Russian Sources

  • (Russian) 27 февраля (14 февраля). Православная Энциклопедия под редакцией Патриарха Московского и всея Руси Кирилла (электронная версия). (Orthodox Encyclopedia - Pravenc.ru).