February 18 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Feb. 17 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - Feb. 19

All fixed commemorations below are observed on March 3 (March 2 on leap years) by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For February 18th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on February 5.

Saints[edit]

Pre-Schism Western saints[edit]

  • Saints Maximus, Claudius, Praepedigna, Alexander and Cutias, martyrs in Rome who suffered under Diocletian (295)[14][note 4] (see also: August 11)
  • Saints Lucius, Silvanus, Rutulus, Classicus, Secundinus, Fructulus and Maximus, martyrs in North Africa.[11][14]
  • Saint Helladius of Toledo, Archbishop of Toledo and Confessor (632)[11][14][note 5]
  • Saint Colman of Lindisfarne, Bishop of Lindisfarne and Confessor (676)[1][9][14][15][note 6]
  • Saint Ethelina (Eudelme), the patroness of Little Sodbury, now in Gloucestershire in England.[14]
  • Saint Angilbert, Abbot of St. Riquier in the north of France where there were some 300 monks (c. 740-814)[14]
  • Saint Edward the King and Passion-Bearer - Commemoration of the translation of his relics to Shaftesbury.

Post-Schism Orthodox saints[edit]

New martyrs and confessors[edit]

  • New Hieromartyr Alexander Medvedsky, Priest (1932)[9][21]
  • New Hieromartyr Vladimir Terentiev, Priest (1933)[9][22]
  • New Hieromartyr Benjamin, Hieromonk (1938)[9][21]
  • Virgin-martyr Anna (1940)[9]

Other commemorations[edit]

  • Yakhromsk Icon of the Mother of God.[18]
  • Finding of the relics (1961) of New Martyr Irene of Mytilene (1463)[1][9][21] (see also: May 12 - Greek)
  • Commemoration of the New Martyrs who suffered during the “Holy Night” in St. Petersburg (1932)[1][9][21]
  • Repose of Schemamonk Constantine (Cavarnos), spiritual writer (2011)[1]

Icon gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Revised Julian calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
  2. ^ "At Constantinople, the holy bishop Flavian, who for having defended the Catholic faith at Ephesus, was buffeted and kicked by the partisans of the impious Dioscorus, and being banished, ended his life within three days."[11]
  3. ^ Probably born in Tuscany in Italy, he became Bishop of Rome in 440. He fought against many heresies. His celebrated Tomos defined the Orthodox belief in the Two Natures and One Person of Christ. It was acclaimed as the teaching of the Orthodox Church at the Council of Chalcedon in 451. The most famous event of his life was his meeting with Attila outside the gates of Rome which resulted in the salvation of the city in 452.
  4. ^ "At Ostia, the holy martyrs Maximus and his brother Claudius, and Praepedigna, the wife of Claudius, with her two sons Alexander and Cutias, all of an illustrious family. By the order of Diocletian, they were apprehended and sent into exile. Afterwards being burned alive, they offered to God the sweet-smelling sacrifice of martyrdom. Their remains were cast into the river, but the Christians found them and buried them near that city."[11]
  5. ^ Born in Toledo in Spain, he served at the court of the Visigothic Kings. He loved to visit the monastery of Agali (Agallia) near Toledo on the banks of the Tagus. Eventually he became a monk there and then abbot (605). In 615 he became Archbishop of Toledo.
  6. ^ Born in Connaught in Ireland, he became a monk at Iona in Scotland. He was then chosen as third Abbot of Lindisfarne in England. He later returned to Ireland, founding a monastery on Innisboffin Island for Irish monks and a monastery for English monks (Mayo of the Saxons).
  7. ^ See: (Russian): Косма Яхромский. Википедии, (Russian Wikipedia).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l February 18 / March 3. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  2. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Λέων καὶ Παρηγόριος οἱ Μάρτυρες οἱ ἐν Πατάροις τῆς Λυκίας Ἀθλήσαντες. 18 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  3. ^ a b c d e (Greek) Συναξαριστής. 18 Φεβρουαρίου. ECCLESIA.GR. (H ΕΚΚΛΗΣΙΑ ΤΗΣ ΕΛΛΑΔΟΣ).
  4. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Ἀγαπητὸς ὁ Ὁμολογητής καὶ Θαυματουργὸς Ἐπίσκοπος Σινάου. 18 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  5. ^ St Agapitus the Confessor the Bishop of Synnada in Phrygia. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  6. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Ἀγρίππας, Βικτωρίνος, Δωρόθεος καὶ Θεόδουλος οἱ Μάρτυρες. 18 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  7. ^ Martyr Victor of Phrygia. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  8. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Πιούλιος ὁ Μάρτυρας. 18 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k March 3 / February 18. Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Church (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  10. ^ St Flavian the Confessor the Patriarch of Constantinople. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  11. ^ a b c d The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. pp. 51-52.
  12. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Λέων πάπας Ρώμης. 18 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  13. ^ St Leo the Great the Pope of Rome. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  14. ^ a b c d e f February 18. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  15. ^ Rev. Richard Stanton. A Menology of England and Wales, or, Brief Memorials of the Ancient British and English Saints Arranged According to the Calendar, Together with the Martyrs of the 16th and 17th Centuries. London: Burns & Oates, 1892. pp. 74-78.
  16. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Κοσμᾶς ὁ ἐκ Ρωσίας. 18 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  17. ^ Venerable Cosmas of Yakhrom. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  18. ^ a b Dr. Alexander Roman. February. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  19. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Νικόλαος Πατριάρχης Γεωργίας. 18 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  20. ^ St Nicholas the Catholicos of Georgia. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  21. ^ a b c d The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p. 16.
  22. ^ (Russian) 18 февраля (ст.ст.) 3 марта 2014 (нов. ст.). Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей. (DECR).

Sources[edit]

Greek Sources

Russian Sources