February 1927

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1927
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February
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February 4, 1927: Malcolm Campbell sets new speed record at 174.883 mph
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February 10, 1927: U.S. President Coolidge announces world peace conference
February 19, 1927: "Dry ice" introduced to public

The following events occurred in February 1927:

February 23, 1927: Heisenberg explains his "Uncertainty Principle"
February 24, 1927: Fox Movietone News demonstrated

February 1, 1927 (Tuesday)[edit]

February 2, 1927 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • After ax murderer George J. Hassell gave a directions, police in Whittier, California unearthed the bodies of his wife and three children. Hassell on death row in Texas for the murder there of a second wife and eight other children, earned a postponement of his February 27 execution date.[4]
  • The Ziegfeld Theatre opened on Broadway with the production Rio Rita. The building was razed in 1967[5]
  • Born: Stan Getz, American jazz saxophonist, in Philadelphia (d. 1991)

February 3, 1927 (Thursday)[edit]

February 4, 1927 (Friday)[edit]

  • Malcolm Campbell of England broke the world's record for the fastest speed in an automobile, driving at nearly 175 miles (282 km) per hour on the Pendine Sands in Wales. Driving the Napier-Campbell Blue Bird, Campbell averaged 174.883 mph (281.447 km/h).[11]
  • U.S. Senator Matthew M. Neely (D-WV) introduced a bill in the Senate to provide a $5,000,000 reward to the discoverer of a cure for cancer.[12] Neely would die of cancer on January 18, 1958, after his own 15-month battle with the disease.[13]
  • Flying in an airplane approximately 4,000 feet (1,200 m) above Columbus Circle in New York City, baritone John Charles Thomas sang operatic arias to an audience in the first public test of what he called the "Voice of the Sky," a secret sound-reproducing and amplifying device which makes possible direct vocal communication between aircraft and any one on the ground.[14]

February 5, 1927 (Saturday)[edit]

February 6, 1927 (Sunday)[edit]

  • In Nicaragua, a force of 1,500 rebels captured the city of Chinandega and burned the city, at one time the national capital.[17] Government troops retook the town after a battle of five days. Reportedly, 300 people were killed and 500 were wounded. At the request of President Adolfo Díaz, the United States sent troops to Chinandega.[18]

February 7, 1927 (Monday)[edit]

  • The first revision of the Book of Common Prayer since 1662 was introduced at 3:00 pm at Westminster Abbey. The Archbishop of Canterbury received the proposed revisions for a new prayer book for the Church of England, "the outcome of sixty years of study and effort designed to make the church services richer and more elastic".[19] The new book quickly became a bestseller for Anglicans and Episcopalians worldwide, but failed to receive the required approval. The House of Commons twice voted against a bill to accept the new text, a resolution that would still have required the approval of the House of Lords and royal assent by the King in his capacity as Supreme Governor of the Church of England.[20]
  • Born:
    • Vladimir Kuts, Ukrainian Soviet distance runner, 1956 Olympic gold for 5,000m (world record holder 1957–65) and 10,000 m, (world record holder 1956–60)(committed suicide, 1975)
    • Juliette Gréco, French singer, in Montpellier

February 8, 1927 (Tuesday)[edit]

Emperor Taisho
  • In what the American press described as "the most pretentious funeral in the history of the Orient",[21] the Emperor Taisho, known in the West as Yoshihito, was buried after being mourned by his 80,000,000 subjects in Japan, who thought of him as a deity.[22]

February 9, 1927 (Wednesday)[edit]

February 10, 1927 (Thursday)[edit]

February 11, 1927 (Friday)[edit]

  • Billy Gaffney, a 4-year-old boy, was kidnapped while playing near his apartment building at 99 Fifteenth Street in Brooklyn, and was never found.[30] More than eight years later, convicted child murderer Albert Fish confessed to abducting and killing Gaffney.[31]
  • The city of Homewood, Alabama, near Birmingham, was created by the merger of the towns of Rosedale, Edgewood and Grove Park.[32]

February 12, 1927 (Saturday)[edit]

  • The first contingent of British troops landed in Shanghai to begin protection of British citizens.[33] Within a week, 21 warships from the U.S., Britain, Japan, France and Italy had anchored at the Huangpu River.[34]

February 13, 1927 (Sunday)[edit]

  • Three months before Charles Lindbergh's nonstop flight across the North Atlantic, two Italian army officers, Lt.Col. Francesco de Pinedo and Lt. Col. Carlo del Prete, began the longest airplane tour to that time. Taking off from Sesto Calende in a Savoia-Marchetti S.55, de Pinedo and del Prete made fifty stops over four months in Europe, Africa, and North and South America, traveling 30,000 miles (48,000 km) with 193 hours flying time.[35]
  • A series of twenty earthquake tremors in one hour in Bosnia killed about 100 people in an area along the Neretva River. While the death toll was initially believed to be 700 or more, the areas hit were sparsely populated and the loss of life was less than expected.[36]
  • Died: Brooks Adams, 78, American economic historian

February 14, 1927 (Monday)[edit]

  • In a 24-hour period, a winter storm dumped 11.82 meters (almost 38.78 feet) of snow on Japan's Mount Ibuki to set a new record for largest snowfall. The event broke the previous record of 8.18 m (26.84 ft) in the Japanese town of Itakura, which had been set one day earlier.[37]
  • Conn Smythe purchased the Toronto St. Patricks hockey team, preventing it from being moved to Philadelphia, and renamed it the Toronto Maple Leafs, after the Maple Leaf Regiment which fought for Canada in World War One.[38] As the St. Pats, the team had lost 1-0, on the 13th, to the Ottawa Senators, and was in last place in its division at 8-18-4. With a new name, the Maple Leafs played their first game on the 15th in Windsor, Ontario, and lost to the Detroit Cougars (which would in 1932 be renamed the Detroit Red Wings, 5-1.
  • Boxer Jimmy Delaney defeated future light heavyweight boxing champion Maxie Rosenbloom in a bout in Cincinnati, but splintered a bone in his left elbow in the process. After a loss the next week to Benny Ross, Delaney sought medical treatment, but would die of blood poisoning from an infection on March 4.[39]
  • Born: Lois Maxwell, Canadian film actress who portrayed "Miss Moneypenny in 14 James Bond films; in Kitchener, Ontario; (d. 2007)
  • Died:
    • William Gemmell, former horse racer, after jumping from this 5th floor hotel room in Butte, Montana to escape a fire
    • William Vanderbilt, 70, dynamite expert, by suicide

February 15, 1927 (Tuesday)[edit]

  • California was struck by the worst storm in that state's history, up to that time, as hurricane force winds and torrential rains killed 24 people. Thirteen of the dead had been employees of California Edison Company, killed when an avalanche buried their homes in the Sierra Nevada mountains.[40]
  • For the first time in half a century, travel across the English Channel came to a halt, as a dense fog in England continued into its fifth day. "Many veteran channel-commuters simply refused to believe it," noted one account. "It had never occurred to them that such a time would come to Britain, and they hounded passenger agents with comments and queries."[41]
  • Born: Harvey Korman, American comedian, in Chicago (d. 2008)

February 16, 1927 (Wednesday)[edit]

  • Sir Oliver Lodge conducted an experiment in telepathy on BBC Radio, asking listeners to give their impressions as a team of people concentrated on images on a set of cards. Out of 24,659 responses, as many as 190 correctly noted that a two of clubs had been drawn, but, writes Harry Price, "it is obvious that there was no evidence of anything but pure chance".[42]
  • Mao Zedong delivered his "Report on an Investigation of the Peasant Movement in Hunan" to the Central Committee of China's fledgling Communist Party.[43] Summing up 32 days of interviews, Mao predicted "Within a short time, hundreds of millions of peasants will rise in Central, South, and North China, with the fury of a hurricane; no power, however strong, can restrain them."[44]
  • Born: June Brown, British TV soap opera actress (Dot Cotton on EastEnders), in Needham Market, Suffolk

February 17, 1927 (Thursday)[edit]

Boeing full logo.svg
  • Boeing Air Transport, which would become one of the world's leading manufacturers of airplanes, was founded by William Boeing and Elbert Hubbard.[45]
  • Turkey and U.S. re-established diplomatic relations, which had been severed April 20, 1917, after the two nations were on opposite sides of World War One.[46]

February 18, 1927 (Friday)[edit]

February 19, 1927 (Saturday)[edit]

Clara Bow, "The 'It' Girl"
  • "Dry ice", it was announced by the American Chemical Society in a press conference in New York, would become available worldwide as the result of the perfection, by of a process that "converts solid carbon dioxide into a practical portable 'ice'" "Synthetic 'Dry Ice' Is Invented As Shipment Aid".[49] The mass production of "frozen CO2", which "melted" more slowly than frozen water, was a milestone in transporting perishable foods, because far less of it was required—1,200 pounds of dry ice could replace 17,000 pounds of regular ice and 1,700 pounds of salt, freeing up more space for products.[50]
  • Radio station CFRB began broadcasting in Toronto as the first station in the world to rely on alternating current (AC) rather than direct current (DC).[51]
  • The romantic comedy film It was released, starring Clara Bow in the role that made her a major star.
  • Born: Ernest Trova, American pop art sculptor, in Clayton, Missouri (d. 2009)

February 20, 1927 (Sunday)[edit]

February 21, 1927 (Monday)[edit]

  • Nicaragua's President Adolfo Díaz asked that his nation become a protectorate of the United States, and proposed to sign a 100-year treaty to allow American troops to occupy the Central American nation.[53] President Coolidge declined to take the offer seriously, but U.S. troops remained in Nicaragua until 1933.[54]
  • In its decision in Farrington v. Tokushige, the United States Supreme Court invalidated, as unconstitutional, a law in Hawaii that required schools to receive a license from the state before they could teach any languages other than English.[55]
  • The city of West Vernon, Texas, was incorporated. It existed until 1944, when it was annexed into Vernon, Texas.[56]
  • Born: Erma Bombeck, American humorist and newspaper columnist (At Wit's End), in Bellbrook, Ohio (d. 1996)

February 22, 1927 (Tuesday)[edit]

February 23, 1927 (Wednesday)[edit]

February 24, 1927 (Thursday)[edit]

  • The Fox Film Corporation gave its first demonstration of the process that it would use for a new feature, Movietone News, that would allow filmgoers to see and hear scenes from recent events. Fifty reporters were escorted into Fox-Case's New York studios at 10:00 that morning and filmed. Four hours later, the same group saw and heard themselves when the film of the press conference was screened.[60]
  • Died: William Fuld, 56, inventor of the Ouija Board, after falling from the roof of a three story building.[61]

February 25, 1927 (Friday)[edit]

  • The McFadden Act was signed into law by U.S. President Coolidge, prohibiting commercial banks from establishing branches in more than one state.[62] The act would not be completely repealed until 1994, when the Riegle-Neal Act was passed.[63]
  • On the same day, President Coolidge vetoed the McNary–Haugen Farm Relief Bill, which had passed the Senate 47-39, and the House of Representatives 214-178.[64] Congress failed to override the veto, as well as being unable to overcome a second veto of a new version in 1928. Domestic farm price supports would become law in 1933.[65]

February 26, 1927 (Saturday)[edit]

  • Instant communication between San Francisco and London (and by extension, the Western United States and Europe), was first achieved at 7:30 am Pacific time and 3:30 pm GMT. H.D. Pillsbury of Pacific Telephone and Telegraph spoke to Col. H.E. Shreeve, an AT&T representative 7,287 miles (11,727 km) away in Britain. In 1915, the two men had spoken during the first phone conversation between San Francisco and New York. "The inauguration of this service," noted one account, "completes the final tie-up in trans-atlantic radio telephone service between the entire United States and England, Scotland and Wales."[66]
  • Born:

February 27, 1927 (Sunday)[edit]

February 28, 1927 (Monday)[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ UCLA Electrical Engineering Department History
  2. ^ HawaiianHistory.org
  3. ^ NationalParksTraveler.com
  4. ^ "Bodies of Victims Found as Confessed", Deseret News (Salt Lake City), February 2, 1927, p. 1
  5. ^ Ken Bloom, The Routledge Guide to Broadway (CRC Press, 2007) pp. 287-88
  6. ^ James M. Anderson, The History of Portugal (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2000) p. 144-145
  7. ^ "1,200 Marines Sent to China", Gettysburg (PA) Times, February 4, 1927, p. 2
  8. ^ University of San Diego
  9. ^ History of São Paulo Airport
  10. ^ "WASHINGTON NAMES FIRST U.S. MINISTER TO CANADA", Ottawa Evening Citizen, February 3, 1927, p. 1
  11. ^ "Capt. Campbell Sets Two World Records", New York Times, February 5, 1927, p4; Landspeed.com
  12. ^ "Millions for Cure of Cancer Urged", Pittsburgh Press, February 4, 1927, p. 1; Guy B. Faguet, The War on Cancer: An Anatomy of Failure, a Blueprint for the Future (Springer, 2005) p95
  13. ^ "Cancer Kills Neely, Senate Veteran, 83", Miami News, January 19, 1958, p. 3A
  14. ^ "Opera Sung from Plane to Earth", Montreal Gazette, February 5, 1927, p. 1; "Columbus Circle Hears Voice From the Sky; Singer in Plane 4,000 Feet Up Uses New Device", New York Times February 5, 1927, p. 17; "Flying Electric Billboards and Talking Airplanes Introduce Novelty in Outdoor Advertising", by Paul D. Paddock, Popular Mechanics (May 1929) pp 723-727
  15. ^ www.surgeons.org
  16. ^ "Richards' Name Is Stricken From List Because of Play With Mlle. Lenglen's Troup", Miami News, February 6, 1927, p. 10
  17. ^ "Nicaragua Rebels Seize and Burn City", New York Times, February 7, 1927, p1;
  18. ^ "Many Die In Liberal Clash", Palm Beach (FL) Daily News, February 12, 1927, p. 1; Robert L. Scheina, Latin America's Wars: The Age of the Professional Soldier, 1900-2001 (Brassey's, 2003) p59
  19. ^ "First Changes in Prayer Book for 265 Years", Montreal Gazette, February 8, 1927, p. 1
  20. ^ Anglican.org
  21. ^ "Last Tributes Paid to Mikado By 80,000,000", Miami Daily News, February 7, 1927, p. 1
  22. ^ "Mikado's Subjects Throng in Sorrow to Solemn Funeral", Montreal Gazette, February 8, 1927, p. 3; "JAPAN: Toward Fuji", TIME Magazine, February 14, 1927
  23. ^ "Senate Drops World Court As British Bar Our Terms, Ending Hopes of Adherence", New York Times, February 10, 1927, p. 1
  24. ^ President Signs Ban on Mailing Firearms", Christian Science Monitor, February 10, 1927, p. 1
  25. ^ Alexander DeConde, Gun Violence in America: The Struggle for Control (Northeastern University Press, 2003) p. 127
  26. ^ "COOLIDGE MOVES TO REDUCE NAVIES", Miami Daily News, February 10, 1927, p. 1
  27. ^ Margot Louria, Triumph and Downfall: America's Pursuit of Peace and Prosperity, 1921-1933 (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2001), p115
  28. ^ "U.S. Marines in Shanghai", Montreal Gazette, February 11, 1927, p. 1
  29. ^ Michael J. Budds, Jazz & the Germans: Essays on the Influence of "hot" American Idioms on the 20th-century German Music (Pendragon Press, 2002)
  30. ^ The Doe Network; "Trolley Clue Spurs Gaffney Boy Hunt", New York Times, February 19, 1927, p. 32
  31. ^ "Fish Says He Slew the Gaffney Boy", New York Times, March 25, 1935
  32. ^ "Historical Marker Database"
  33. ^ "British Troops Reach Shanghai", Pittsburgh Press, February 12, 1927, p. 1
  34. ^ "Foreign Navy Craft Anchor Off Shanghai", St. Petersburg (FL) Times, February 18, 1927, p. 1
  35. ^ Norman Polmar and Dana Bell, One Hundred Years of World Military Aircraft (Naval Institute Press, 2004) pp. 79-80
  36. ^ "HUNDREDS KILLED IN BALKAN QUAKE", Miami Daily News, February 15, 1927, p1; "Toll of Quake Declines to 100", Miami Daily News, February 16, 1927, p. 1
  37. ^ Hirashi Sasaki and Shuji Yamakawa, in International Perspectives on Natural Disasters: Occurrence, Mitigation, and Consequences (Springer, 2004) p. 169; "Destructive Snowstorm-- 91 Persons Killed and 10 Houses Wrecked in Japan, Montreal Gazette, February 14, 1927, p1
  38. ^ Toronto Maple Leafs website; Leafs history website; "St. Pats, Sold for $160,000, Take Name of Maple Leafs", New York Times February 15, 1927, p21
  39. ^ "Jimmy Delaney, St. Paul Boxer, Dies Suddenly", Miami Daily News, March 4, 1927, p. 19
  40. ^ "24 Dead As Hurricane Thrashes Way Over State"; "Storm Worst Recorded Here"; "Unprecedented Fury Strews Wreckage Throughout California", Oakland Tribune, February 16, 1927, p. 1
  41. ^ "Great Fog Bank Covers England; First Time in 50 Years That Channel Service Had to Be Suspended", Montreal Gazette, February 16, 1927, p1 "London Engulfed", TIME Magazine, February 28, 1927
  42. ^ "Broadcasting the Occult"; G.N.M. Tyrrell, Science and Psychical Phenomena (Methuen & Co., 1938) pp70-71; "Mind Reading by Radio Is Tested in Britain; Sir Oliver Lodge Conducts an Experiment to 'Thinkers-In' From Closed Room", New York Times, February 17, 1927, p. 6; "Lodgic", TIME February 28, 1927
  43. ^ Stuart R. Schram, The Thought of Mao Tse-Tung (Cambridge University Press, 1989), p. 43
  44. ^ Conrad Brandt, et al., A Documentary History of Chinese Communism (Routledge, 2008) pp80-81
  45. ^ Donald M. Pattillo, Pushing the Envelope: The American Aircraft Industry (University of Michigan Press, 2001) p76
  46. ^ U.S. Embassy in Turkey
  47. ^ "Radio Control Bill Passed by Senate, Goes to Coolidge", New York Times, February 19, 1927, p1; "RADIO: Commission", TIME Magazine, March 14, 1927
  48. ^ "Formal Reception of Canada's Envoy Significant Step", Montreal Gazette, February 19, 1927, p. 2;
  49. ^ Miami Daily News, February 19, 1927, p. 1; "Dry Ice", TIME Magazine, February 28, 1927
  50. ^ TIME, op cit.; "Frozen Foods", in Cole, et al., Encyclopedia of Modern Everyday Inventions (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2003) p131
  51. ^ Canadian Communications Foundation
  52. ^ "Additional Marines Land in Nicaragua", Lewiston (ME) Daily Sun", February 21, 1927, p4
  53. ^ "Diaz Now Asks America to Take Virtual Control of Nicaraguan Affairs", New York Times, February 22, 1927, p. 1; "Diaz Asks Us for 100-year Protectorate", Baltimore Sun, February 21, 1927, p1
  54. ^ Lawrence Kaye Hodges, Twenty Eventful Years (Wilson-Erickson, Inc., 1937), p255
  55. ^ Noriko Asato, Teaching Mikadoism: The Attack on Japanese Language Schools in Hawaii, California, and Washington, 1919-1927 (University of Hawaii Press, 2006) p. 104
  56. ^ Texas State Historical Association
  57. ^ "De Pinedo Flies Over Seas to Brazil", Miami Daily News, February 22, 1927, p. 1
  58. ^ "February 1927: Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle", "This Month in Physics History", American Physical Society
  59. ^ "Radio Bill Made Law", Los Angeles Times, February 24, 1927, p. 1;
  60. ^ Peter C. Rollins, Hollywood as Historian: American Film in a Cultural Context (University Press of Kentucky, 1997) p26; "New Talking Film Ready For Public", New York Times, February 25, 1927, p. 25
  61. ^ "OUIJA Board: The History", by Shawn McKenzie (2006)
  62. ^ "Branch Banking law is Signed by President; Becomes Law At Once and is Effective in All Parts of The Nation", Sarasota Herald, February 26, 1927, p1
  63. ^ "McFadden Act of 1927", in R.W. Hafer, The Federal Reserve System: An Encyclopedia (Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005) p243
  64. ^ "Coolidge Vetoes Farm Relief Bill", Wall Street Journal, February 26, 1927, p1
  65. ^ Willard W. Cochrane, The Development of American Agriculture: A Historical Analysis (University of Minnesota Press, 1993) p. 119
  66. ^ "San Joseans Talk to London Over Telephone", The Evening News (San Jose CA), February 27, 1927, p. 12
  67. ^ Darryl C. Thomas, The Theory and Practice of Third World Solidarity (Greenwood Publishing, 2001) pp41-42
  68. ^ "Charles Lindbergh: An American Aviator"