Jump to navigation Jump to search
The following events occurred in February 1934:
- 1 February 1, 1934 (Thursday)
- 2 February 2, 1934 (Friday)
- 3 February 3, 1934 (Saturday)
- 4 February 4, 1934 (Sunday)
- 5 February 5, 1934 (Monday)
- 6 February 6, 1934 (Tuesday)
- 7 February 7, 1934 (Wednesday)
- 8 February 8, 1934 (Thursday)
- 9 February 9, 1934 (Friday)
- 10 February 10, 1934 (Saturday)
- 11 February 11, 1934 (Sunday)
- 12 February 12, 1934 (Monday)
- 13 February 13, 1934 (Tuesday)
- 14 February 14, 1934 (Wednesday)
- 15 February 15, 1934 (Thursday)
- 16 February 16, 1934 (Friday)
- 17 February 17, 1934 (Saturday)
- 18 February 18, 1934 (Sunday)
- 19 February 19, 1934 (Monday)
- 20 February 20, 1934 (Tuesday)
- 21 February 21, 1934 (Wednesday)
- 22 February 22, 1934 (Thursday)
- 23 February 23, 1934 (Friday)
- 24 February 24, 1934 (Saturday)
- 25 February 25, 1934 (Sunday)
- 26 February 26, 1934 (Monday)
- 27 February 27, 1934 (Tuesday)
- 28 February 28, 1934 (Wednesday)
- 29 References
February 1, 1934 (Thursday)
- Greece failed to deport the American fugitive businessman Samuel Insull by January 31 as pledged, leaving the condition of the case unclear. The United States government had the invalidated passport of Insull, who was reportedly ill, renewed in order to expedite his departure.
February 2, 1934 (Friday)
- 100,000 farmers paraded in Vienna in support of Chancellor Dollfuss.
- Monarchist organizations were banned in Germany.
- Born: Khalil Ullah Khan, film actor, in Sylhet, British India (d. 2014)
February 3, 1934 (Saturday)
- French Prime Minister Édouard Daladier booted three cabinet ministers as well as Prefecture of Police Jean Chiappe.
- 12,000 New York City taxicab drivers went on strike over the distribution of the proceeds from a discontinued five-cent tax on their fares.
- The German airline Lufthansa began air mail service to South America.
- Died: Aussie Elliott, 20, American bank robber (killed in shootout with police)
February 4, 1934 (Sunday)
- Demonstrators in Paris began protesting Daladier's removal of Jean Chiappe.
- Cuba adopted a new provisional constitution.
February 5, 1934 (Monday)
- Mounted French troops clashed with thousands of angry war veterans enraged by the removal of popular police prefect Jean Chiappe.
- Lord Ashley filed suit for divorce from wife Sylvia, naming Douglas Fairbanks, Sr. as co-respondent.
- Rioting broke out in the streets of New York over the cab driver strike as strikers fought with police and burned independent cabs.
- In Paris, the Surrealist group led by André Breton put Salvador Dalí on "trial" for his troubling interest in Hitler as well as his painting The Enigma of William Tell. The painting depicted a deformed, semi-nude figure bearing the facial features of Vladimir Lenin, something that failed to amuse the Surrealists as many of them were communists. Dalí made a mockery of the proceedings by showing up with a thermometer in his mouth and seven thick sweaters on, which he proceeded to remove one at a time and put on again while taking his temperature. With one sweater left, Dalí told Breton that if he dreamed that night of the two of them making love to each other, he would not hesitate to paint the scene the next morning in great detail ("I don't advise it, my friend", was all Breton managed to say in response.) Then, stripping to the waist, Dalí knelt on the carpet and swore that he was no enemy of the proletariat, ending the bizarre event.
- Born: Hank Aaron, baseball player, in Mobile, Alabama
February 6, 1934 (Tuesday)
- 6 February 1934 crisis: French far-right leagues and other conservatives rioted on the Place de la Concorde near the French National Assembly. 17 were killed and over 2,000 wounded in the bloodiest Parisian rioting since the days of the Commune.
- 500 striking cab drivers rioted on Broadway.
February 7, 1934 (Wednesday)
- Daladier resigned as Prime Minister of France due to inability to control the rioting in Paris.
- Born: Eddie Fenech Adami, politician, in Birkirkara, Malta; Earl King, guitarist, singer and songwriter, in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1997)
February 8, 1934 (Thursday)
- The merger of the Cunard and White Star shipping lines to form the Cunard-White Star Line was announced in Britain.
- The Partido Auténtico was founded in Cuba.
- Died: Ferenc Móra, 54, Hungarian writer and museologist; Verne Sankey, 43 or 44, American criminal (suicide in prison cell by hanging)
February 9, 1934 (Friday)
- Greece, Turkey, Romania and Yugoslavia signed the Balkan Pact.
- Former president Gaston Doumergue became Prime Minister of France.
- The New York cab driver strike ended when the last strikers signed on to Mayor La Guardia's peace pact.
- The British historical film The Rise of Catherine the Great was released.
- Died: Lottie Deno, 89, American gambler
February 10, 1934 (Saturday)
- 20 socialist leaders in Lithuania were arrested in Memel and charged with organizing a movement similar to the Nazi Party.
- Born: Fleur Adcock, poet and editor, in Auckland, New Zealand
February 11, 1934 (Sunday)
- The prison terms of 140,000 convicts in Japan were commuted. Death sentences were changed to life imprisonment and life sentences were cut down to 20 years, among other reductions. The birth in December of Crown Prince Akihito was one reason for the amnesty.
- The United Kingdom and Yemen signed a treaty of friendship.
- Canada defeated the United States 2-1 in overtime in the World Ice Hockey Championship Final.
- Born: Tina Louise, actress and singer, in New York City; Mary Quant, fashion designer, in Blackheath, London, England; John Surtees, racer, in Tatsfield, Surrey, England (d. 2017)
February 12, 1934 (Monday)
- The Austrian Civil War, also known as the February Uprising, broke out between socialist and conservative-fascist forces.
- Leftists and trade unions in France staged a one-day general strike in protest of the February 6 crisis. 2 were killed during rioting.
- Born: Anne Osborn Krueger, economist, in Endicott, New York; Bill Russell, basketball player, in West Monroe, Louisiana
February 13, 1934 (Tuesday)
- The Soviet steamship SS Chelyuskin was crushed by ice and sank near Kolyuchin Island in the Chukchi Sea. The 104 people on board escaped onto the ice and set up a makeshift camp where they would live for two months until their rescue.
- The dramatic play The Shining Hour premiered at the Booth Theatre on Broadway.
- Born: George Segal, actor and musician, in Great Neck, New York
- Died: József Pusztai, 70, Slovene writer, journalist, teacher and cantor
February 14, 1934 (Wednesday)
- The Reichsrat was abolished in Nazi Germany.
- Charles Ponzi was released from prison in Massachusetts after serving 11 years for swindling.
- Born: Michel Corboz, conductor, in Marsens, Switzerland; Florence Henderson, actress, in Dale, Indiana (d. 2016)
February 15, 1934 (Thursday)
- The Greek government decided to allow Samuel Insull to remain in the country until his health improved.
- The German pacifist journalist Carl von Ossietzky was sent to Esterwegen concentration camp.
- The Social Democratic Party of Austria was banned.
- Born: Niklaus Wirth, computer scientist, in Winterthur, Switzerland
February 16, 1934 (Friday)
- The Austrian Civil War ended in victory for government forces, who began issuing and carrying out death sentences against the rebels by hanging. The total dead in four days of fighting was estimated at over 1,000.
- The Noël Coward stage musical Conversation Piece premiered at His Majesty's Theatre in London.
- Born: The Kalin Twins (Harold & Herbert), pop music duo, in Port Jervis, New York (d. 2005 and 2006, respectively)
February 17, 1934 (Saturday)
- Britain, France and Italy released a joint statement guaranteeing Austria's "independence and integrity in accordance with the relevant treaties." A German spokesperson responded, "The prerequisite of independence is that people shall have a government which they themselves desire. It logically follows that independence is in danger if and when attempts are made to prevent people from having a government they want. Austria should have a government which has the nation behind it."
- Born: Alan Bates, actor, in Allestree, Derbyshire, England (d. 2003); Barry Humphries, actor and comedian, in Kew, Melbourne, Australia
- Died: Albert I of Belgium, 58, King of the Belgians (mountaineering accident)
February 18, 1934 (Sunday)
- Crown Prince Leopold returned from a skiing trip in the Alps upon the death of King Albert.
- Born: Ronald F. Marryott, admiral, in Eddystone, Pennsylvania (d. 2005)
February 19, 1934 (Monday)
- The body of King Albert of Belgium was brought to the royal palace in Brussels where it was to lie in state until Thursday.
February 20, 1934 (Tuesday)
- Prince Sigvard of Sweden was disowned by the royal family for refusing to break his engagement to a German commoner.
- British Conservative MP Anthony Eden met with Adolf Hitler and foreign affairs minister Konstantin von Neurath in Berlin to encourage Germany to return to disarmament talks.
- Born: Bobby Unser, automobile racer, in Colorado Springs, Colorado
February 21, 1934 (Wednesday)
- Germany arrested 11 bakers for raising the price of bread but not the wages of employees.
- Born: Rue McClanahan, actress, in Healdton, Oklahoma (d. 2010)
- Died: Augusto César Sandino, 38, Nicaraguan revolutionary leader (assassinated)
February 22, 1934 (Thursday)
- The funeral of Albert of Belgium was held at the Cathedral of St. Michael and St. Gudula in Brussels.
- The romantic comedy film It Happened One Night, directed by Frank Capra and starring Clark Gable and Claudette Colbert was released.
- Born: Sparky Anderson, baseball player and manager, in Bridgewater, South Dakota (d. 2010); Van Williams actor, in Fort Worth, Texas
February 23, 1934 (Friday)
- Leopold III was crowned King of the Belgians.
- Huey Long unveiled the Share Our Wealth plan with a nationally broadcast radio speech.
- British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald refused to meet with 500 hunger marchers who had marched from Glasgow to London.
- The romantic drama film Death Takes a Holiday starring Fredric March premiered at the Paramount Theatre in New York City.
- Born: Augusto Algueró, composer, in Barcelona, Spain (d. 2011)
- Died: Sir Edward Elgar, 76, English composer
February 24, 1934 (Saturday)
- Nazi Germany marked the fourteenth anniversary of the National Socialist Program with a speech by Hitler in the same Munich beer hall were he first proclaimed the 25-point plan. "We won the power in Germany", Hitler declared to the packed hall and to a national audience over the radio. "Now we must win the soul and mind of all Germans. We don't want a nation of half-hearted Nazis."
- Born: Murray Costello, ice hockey player and executive, in South Porcupine, Ontario, Canada; Bettino Craxi, Prime Minister of Italy, in Milan (d. 2000); Renata Scotto, soprano and opera director, in Savona, Italy; Bingu wa Mutharika, politician and economist, in Thyolo, Nyasaland (d. 2012)
February 25, 1934 (Sunday)
- Over 1 million Nazi leaders and sub-leaders swore allegiance to Hitler over the radio in a ceremony presided over by Rudolf Hess.
- Died: John McGraw, 60, American baseball player and manager
February 26, 1934 (Monday)
February 27, 1934 (Tuesday)
- Reichstag fire defendants Georgi Dimitrov, Vasil Tanev and Blagoy Popov were deported from Berlin to Moscow. The Soviet Union made the three communists Russian citizens after their Bulgarian citizenship had been revoked. Dimitrov claimed that he and his two comrades suffered "moral and physical torture" during their imprisonment.
- Born: Vincent Fourcade, interior designer, in France; Ralph Nader, activist and presidential candidate, in Winsted, Connecticut
February 28, 1934 (Wednesday)
- British hunger marchers gained admittance to the House of Commons by accepting invitations from members of the Labour Party who were sympathetic to their cause.
- Hitler announced in a speech that the "Wehrmacht will be the sole bearer of arms in the nation", thus diminishing the importance of the Sturmabteilung. Ernst Röhm was made to sign a pledge acknowledging the superior stature of the military.
- Speck, Eugene (February 1, 1934). "Mystery Veils Insulls Case; Still in Athens". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
- Speck, Eugene (February 2, 1934). "U. S. Speeds Up Insull's Exit; O. K.'s Passport". Chicago Daily Tribune: 3.
- Darrah, David (February 3, 1934). "100,000 Farmers Hail Dolfuss; Parade in Vienna". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 4.
- "Chronology 1934". indiana.edu. 2002. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- Taylor, Edmond (February 4, 1934). "French Premier Fires Chiappe; 3 Ministers Quit". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 2.
- Hodges, Graham Russell Gao (2007). Taxi!: A Social History of the New York City Cabdriver. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 53–55. ISBN 978-0-8018-9219-6.
- "Tageseinträge für 3. Februar 1934". chroniknet. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- Taylor, Edmond (February 5, 1934). "France Masses Troops as New Rioting Flares". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
- "Cuban Regime Adopts a New 'Magna Charta'". Chicago Daily Tribune. February 5, 1934. p. 6.
- "French Troops Fight Rioters; Paris Panicky". Chicago Daily Tribune. February 6, 1934. p. 1.
- Steele, John (February 6, 1934). "Peer Sues; Named Doug., Sr". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
- Etherington-Smith, Meredith (1995). The Persistence of Memory: A Biography of Dalí. Da Capo Press. pp. 169–172. ISBN 978-0-306-80662-9.
- Greeley, Robin Adèle (2006). Surrealism and the Spanish Civil War. Yale University Press. p. 54. ISBN 978-0-300-11295-5.
- Shanes, Eric (2011). Dalí. Parkstone International. pp. 54–55. ISBN 978-1-78042-472-9.
- "1934". MusicAndHistory. Archived from the original on August 28, 2012. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "Britain Merges Cunard, White Stasr Ship Lines". Chicago Daily Tribune. February 9, 1934. p. 15.
- "Taxi Men Sign Mayor's Pact; Strike Is Over". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. February 9, 1934. p. 5.
- "Lithuania Jails 20 in Memel as Nazi Plotters". Chicago Daily Tribune. February 11, 1934. p. 6.
- "Mikado Eases Prison Terms of 140,000 Felons". Chicago Daily Tribune. February 11, 1934. p. 12.
- "Tageseinträge für 11. Februar 1934". chroniknet. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- Mercer, Derrik (1989). Chronicle of the 20th Century. London: Chronicle Communications Ltd. p. 437. ISBN 978-0-582-03919-3.
- "Tageseinträge für 12. Februar 1934". chroniknet. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- Gardner, Nicky; Kries, Susanne (January 5, 2014). "The Chelyuskin Epic". Hidden Europe. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "The Shining Hour". Playbill Vault. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "Hitler Decrees End of German States' Council". Chicago Daily Tribune. February 15, 1934. p. 5.
- "Ponzi Released, But Deportation is Next Worry". Chicago Daily Tribune. February 15, 1934. p. 5.
- "Greek Government Decides Not to Expel Samuel Insull". Chicago Daily Tribune. February 16, 1934. p. 4.
- "Tageseinträge für 15. Februar 1934". chroniknet. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- Darrah, David (February 17, 1934). "Austria Hangs Rebels; Many Facing Death". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
- "3 Powers Tell Hitler to Keep Out of Austria". Chicago Daily Tribune. February 18, 1934. p. 1.
- House, Ann Somers (February 19, 1934). "Prince Ends Ski Trip to Become Belgians' King". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
- House, Ann Somers (February 20, 1934). "100,000 War Vets Salute Dead Monarch". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
- Schultz, Sigrid (February 21, 1934). "Disown Prince of Sweden for Actress' Match". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
- Ranke, Jason Adams (2009). The Anglo-American Press and the "secret" Rearmament of Hitler's Germany. ProQuest LLC. p. 79.
- "Germany Jails 11 Who Raise Prices But Not Wages". Chicago Daily Tribune. February 22, 1934. p. 1.
- House, Ann Somers (February 23, 1934). "Belgium Buries Albert; Crowns New King Today". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 11.
- House, Ann Somers (February 24, 1934). "Leopold is Made King; His Queen Steals the Show". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 5.
- "Huey Long's Share Our Wealth Speech". HueyLong.com. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- "Death Takes a Holiday (1934)". Toronto Film Society. October 21, 2014. Retrieved June 29, 2015.
- Schultz, Sigrid (February 25, 1934). "Carry on Nazi Drive, Hitler Urges Germans". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 3.
- Schultz, Sigrid (February 26, 1934). "Million Nazis Take Oath to Die for Hitler". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 1.
- "Train Crash in Pittsburgh; 5 Die; 40 Hurt". Chicago Daily Tribune. February 27, 1934. p. 1.
- "Deported Red Tells of Nazi Prison Torture". Chicago Daily Tribune. February 28, 1934. p. 8.
- Steele, John (March 2, 1934). "House Dumps Dole Marchers Out After 'Riot'". Chicago Daily Tribune. p. 11.
- Herspring, Dale Roy (2001). Soldiers, Commissars, and Chaplains: Civil-military Relations Since Cromwell. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 131–132. ISBN 978-0-7425-1106-4.