From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The following events occurred in February 1946.
- 1 February 1, 1946 (Friday)
- 2 February 2, 1946 (Saturday)
- 3 February 3, 1946 (Sunday)
- 4 February 4, 1946 (Monday)
- 5 February 5, 1946 (Tuesday)
- 6 February 6, 1946 (Wednesday)
- 7 February 7, 1946 (Thursday)
- 8 February 8, 1946 (Friday)
- 9 February 9, 1946 (Saturday)
- 10 February 10, 1946 (Sunday)
- 11 February 11, 1946 (Monday)
- 12 February 12, 1946 (Tuesday)
- 13 February 13, 1946 (Wednesday)
- 14 February 14, 1946 (Thursday)
- 15 February 15, 1946 (Friday)
- 16 February 16, 1946 (Saturday)
- 17 February 17, 1946 (Sunday)
- 18 February 18, 1946 (Monday)
- 19 February 19, 1946 (Tuesday)
- 20 February 20, 1946 (Wednesday)
- 21 February 21, 1946 (Thursday)
- 22 February 22, 1946 (Friday)
- 23 February 23, 1946 (Saturday)
- 24 February 24, 1946 (Sunday)
- 25 February 25, 1946 (Monday)
- 26 February 26, 1946 (Tuesday)
- 27 February 27, 1946 (Wednesday)
- 28 February 28, 1946 (Thursday)
- 29 References
February 1, 1946 (Friday)
- Trygve Lie was sworn in as the first Secretary General of the United Nations.
- Syria and the Soviet Union secretly signed a treaty for military advisers to come to Syria. A treaty between the USSR and Lebanon was signed two days later.
- Zoltán Tildy was sworn into office as the first President of Hungary, and Ferenc Nagy succeeded Tildy as Prime Minister. Both were forced out by the Communist party within two years.
February 2, 1946 (Saturday)
- The Soviet Union formally annexed the Japanese Kuril Islands.
- Two unusually large sunspots disrupted radio communication between North America and Europe between 4:05 am and 7:00 am EST.
- A fire in a retirement home in Garfield Heights, Ohio, killed 33 people.
- Born: Alpha Oumar Konaré, third President of Mali (1992–2002) and Blake Clark, American actor and comedian
- Died: Rondo Hatton, 51, American horror movie star
February 3, 1946 (Sunday)
- NBC Radio commentator Drew Pearson broke the news of what would become known as the "Gouzenko Affair": a Soviet spy ring had been operating in Canada, and that the spy agency GRU had been transmitting American atomic secrets from Ottawa to Moscow.
- Died: Friedrich Jeckeln, 51, SS commander during the Nazi occupation of the Soviet Union, was hanged in public at Pobeda Square in Riga, along with five of his officers. Jeckeln oversaw the deaths of more than 250,000 people, mostly Jewish, during the Second World War.
February 4, 1946 (Monday)
- National weather forecasts returned to American newspapers after four years. Publication of maps had ceased on December 15, 1941, a week after the United States entered World War II.
February 5, 1946 (Tuesday)
- The first scheduled Trans-Atlantic commercial airplane flight was made when the "Star of Paris", a TWA Constellation, took off at 2:21 pm from New York's La Guardia airport. The plane landed in Paris 14 hours and 48 minutes later.
- Plaza México, the world's largest (55,000 seats) bullring, was opened in Mexico City.
- The Tishomingo National Wildlife Refuge was established in Oklahoma by order of President Truman.
- Born: Charlotte Rampling, British film actress, in Sturmer, Essex
- Died: George Arliss, 77, Oscar-winning British actor
February 6, 1946 (Wednesday)
- Charles Vyner Brooke, the "White Rajah" of the State of Sarawak, ceded the state's sovereignty to the United Kingdom as a British Crown Colony. Sarawak is now part of Malaysia. He would pass away on July 1.
February 7, 1946 (Thursday)
- In its colony in Vietnam, the military forces of France made a large scale assault to recapture the Bến Tre Province, which had been under control of the Viet Minh since August 25, 1945. The province was quickly brought back under French rule, but guerilla activity continued.
February 8, 1946 (Friday)
- Kim Il-sung was elected Chairman of the Interim People's Committee in the Soviet occupied portion of Korea. Kim, who led the northern branch of the Korean Communist Party, would become the first leader of North Korea.
- Died: Miles Mander, 57, English actor and director (b. 1888)
February 9, 1946 (Saturday)
- In what has been described as the beginning of the Cold War, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin addressed a national radio audience in his first major public speech after the end of World War II. Stalin said that another war was inevitable because of the "capitalist development of the world economy", and that the USSR would need to concentrate on national defense in advance of a war with the Western nations.
- In the most well-known example of a recurrent nova, T Coronae Borealis, nicknamed the "blaze star", was seen to flare up almost 80 years after a nova seen on May 12, 1866.
- Charles "Lucky" Luciano, an American Mafia boss, was transported from a New York prison to an ocean liner, and deported to his native Italy.
February 10, 1946 (Sunday)
- In the first election in the Soviet Union since 1937, there was a reported turnout of 101,450,936 voters (99.7% of those eligible). For the 682 deputies of the Soviet of the Union, and the 657 members of the Soviet of Nationalities, the candidates were unopposed and the choice was yes-or-no. Of the 1,339 candidates, there were 254 who were not Communist Party members.
- The ocean liner Queen Mary docked at Pier 90 in New York City, bringing 1,666 war brides and their 668 children.
- Hubertus van Mook, the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies, proposed a plan for Indonesia's people to choose independence or Dutch citizenship as part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
- Commodore Ben Wyatt, Military Governor of the Marshall Islands, informed the 167 residents of the Bikini Atoll that they would be relocated, so that atomic bomb testing could take place. Wyatt told the villagers that their sacrifice was "for the good of mankind and to end all wars".
February 11, 1946 (Monday)
- The Revised Standard Version of the New Testament was formally introduced by the International Council of Religious Education at its 1946 meeting, at Central High School in Columbus, Ohio.
- The Yalta Agreement was published one year to the day after it had been signed, in simultaneous releases in Washington, D.C. (9:00 am), London (2:00 pm), and Moscow (5:00 pm).
February 12, 1946 (Tuesday)
- Sgt. Isaac Woodard, an African-American U.S. Army veteran, was beaten and blinded by the police chief in Batesburg, South Carolina. Woodard's maiming attracted national attention on Orson Welles's radio show, and was later dramatized in the 1958 Welles movie Touch of Evil, as well as in Woody Guthrie's song The Blinding of Isaac Woodard. Woodard died in 1992. His assailant, Lindwood Shull, was acquitted by a federal court, and lived until 1997.
- The DuMont Television Network made the first network telecast, transmitting, by cable, video and audio of Lincoln's Birthday celebrations from its station in Washington, D.C. (W3XWT), to its New York affiliate, WABD. The NBC and CBS stations in New York also received the DuMont broadcast.
- Trans Australia Airlines made its first flight.
- In advance of the presidential election in Argentina, the U.S. State Department issued a 121-page "blue book", with evidence that Argentina, and candidate Juan Perón, had aided Nazi Germany during World War II. Perón won the election in spite of the American publication.
February 13, 1946 (Wednesday)
- Harold L. Ickes, the U.S. Secretary of the Interior since 1933, resigned in protest after President Truman said that Ickes could have been "wrong" in testimony given to a U.S. Senate committee about Truman's nominee for Undersecretary of the Navy. Ickes wrote "I cannot stay on when you, in effect, have expressed a lack of confidence in me." 
- Born: Colin Matthews, British composer, in London
February 14, 1946 (Thursday)
- ENIAC, the Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer, was introduced to the public by the U.S. Army, in a press conference at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. The world's first electronic computer weighed 30 tons, had 18,000 vacuum tubes, and was 8 feet tall, 3 feet deep, and 100 feet long. One of the computer's first tests was computing trajectories for rocket launching, "completing in ten days a job which would have required three months of concentrated effort by a mathematician".
- The Bank of England was nationalised, with the signing of a 250-page bill by King George VI.
- Born: Gregory Hines, American dancer and actor, in New York, (d. 2003), and Bernard Dowiyogo, President of Nauru, 1989–95 (d. 2003)
February 15, 1946 (Friday)
- Twenty-two current and former Canadian government employees were arrested by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, after Soviet defector Igor Gouzenko had provided a list of 1,700 North American informants who were providing classified information to the U.S.S.R.
- The United Steel Workers of America and the United States Steel Corporation brought an end to the strike that had begun on January 21, with 130,000 employees returning to work on February 18 in return for an 18 1⁄2 cent per hour wage increase.
- Died: Cornelius Johnson, 32, American high jump record holder; gold medalist 1936; of pneumonia
February 16, 1946 (Saturday)
- The first UN Security Council veto was made, as the Soviet Union killed a resolution concerning the withdrawal of British and French forces from Syria and Lebanon.
- Frozen french fries were introduced. Pre-fried by Maxson Food Systems of Long Island, New York, and made to be baked in the oven, the product was first sold at Macy's in New York, but were not immediately popular. American per-capita potato consumption had declined since 1910, and was not measured at previous levels until 1962, when french fries were a fast-food restaurant staple.
- The Sikorsky S-51, first helicopter sold for commercial rather than military use, was flown for the first time.
February 17, 1946 (Sunday)
- In a policy of preventing Jewish immigration to Palestine, British authorities intercepted the ship Enzo Sereni, with 915 refugees on board. The Zionist group Palmach retaliated three days later with the destruction of a British Coast Guard station.
- Died: Dorothy Gibson, 56, American silent film star
February 18, 1946 (Monday)
- The Royal Indian Navy Mutiny began at 8:00 am at the port of Colaba near Bombay (now Mumbai). In the first mutiny in British India since 1857, a group of 1,600 sailors ("ratings") from the HMIS Talwar walked out of the mess hall because of inadequate food, and began to chant, "No food, no work". The next day, another 20,000 ratings in Bombay joined the strike, and over the next days, rioting broke out. Before order was restored on February 24, there were 223 deaths and 1,037 injuries.
- Pope Pius XII announced the appointment of 32 new Roman Catholic cardinals, the first since 1940. Twenty-eight of the appointees received the red hat in Rome on February 21.
- A federal judge in California ruled that segregation in four school districts was unconstitutional. Schools in El Modena, Garden Grove, Westminster and Santa Ana had separated Mexican-American students from English-speaking students. Two months later, California repealed a law permitting segregated schools for Asian-Americans. The decision in Mendez v. Westminster was upheld on appeal in 1947.
- Born: Karen Silkwood, American activist and subject of 1983 film Silkwood, in Longview, Texas (d. 1974)
February 19, 1946 (Tuesday)
- The Cabinet Mission to India was announced in the British House of Commons by Lord Pethick-Lawrence, the Secretary of State for India. He, along with Sir Stafford Cripps of the Board of Trade, and Albert V. Alexander, the Minister of Defence, would depart on March 15 in order to meet with representatives on the eventual independence of British India.
February 20, 1946 (Wednesday)
- The American Employment Act of 1946, 15 U.S.C. § 1021, was signed into law by President Truman.
- British Prime Minister Clement Attlee announced plans "to effect the transference of power to responsible India hands by a date not later than June 1948". S.R. Bakshi and Rashmi Pathak, Punjab Through the Ages (Sarup & Sons, 2007), p443
- The Allied Powers government in Japan ended the three century old tradition of "kōshō" licensed prostitution.
February 21, 1946 (Thursday)
- Uprisings against colonial rule took place across Asia, with disturbances in Egypt, India, Singapore and Indonesia.
- Americans United for World Government was announced as the new name for the two-year-old global federalist group Americans United for World Organization. AUWG Chairman Raymond Swing announced that there was need for a world government to control atomic weapons.
- Born: Alan Rickman, English film actor (Harry Potter), in Hammersmith, London (d. 2016), and Tyne Daly, American TV and stage actress (Cagney and Lacey), in Madison, Wisconsin
February 22, 1946 (Friday)
- "The Long Telegram" was sent from the U.S. Embassy in Moscow to the U.S. Department of State, and would become the basis of American foreign policy for nearly fifty years. At more than 8,000 words, it was the longest telegraphed message sent to that time. The author, George F. Kennan, the chargé d'affaires at the American embassy, was responding to a specific inquiry from the State Department, and his answer was the containment strategy, to keep the Soviet Union from spreading Communism further without going to war. Kennan sent the telegram at 9:00 pm Moscow time (1:00 pm EST), and it was received in Washington at 3:52 EST.
- Texarkana Moonlight Murders: While on a date, 25 year old Jimmy Hollis and his girlfriend, Mary Larey, were attacked and seriously injured while on a date, becoming the first people attacked by a serial killer who has never been identified. Both survived, but six other people were attacked over the next three months, five of them fatally.
February 23, 1946 (Saturday)
- Lt. Gen. Tomoyuki Yamashita, who led the Japanese conquest of Singapore and the Philippines, was hung in the pants, Manila for war crimes, followed by Lt. Col. Seichi Ohta, who had headed security for Japan's "thought police" (kempei tai), and interpreter Takuma Higashigi.
February 24, 1946 (Sunday)
- Argentine general election, 1946:Juan Perón won the race for President of Argentina in what was considered the first truly open election since 1928. Perón defeated José Tamborini, and the Peronist Labour Party won 101 of the 158 seats in the Argentine Chamber of Deputies.
- Died: U.S. Representative (since 1933) J. Buell Snyder, 68, of a heart attack in his hotel room in Pittsburgh; and "Powder River Jack" Lee, 73, rodeo singer, in an auto accident
February 25, 1946 (Monday)
- African American residents of Columbia, Tennessee, took up arms after white residents sought to lynch James Stephenson, a 19-year-old U.S. Navy veteran. Four white police officers were shot and wounded after trying to enter the black section of town, and the Tennessee Highway Patrol moved in the next morning, arresting more than 100 residents, two of whom died in jail. The Civil Rights Congress, a Communist Party USA defense fund, was formed to aid in the defense of the arrest subjects.
- Born: Jean Todt, French motorsport boss, in Pierrefort
February 26, 1946 (Tuesday)
- The Sozialistische Einheitspartei Deutschlands (SED) was started in the Soviet Zone of Germany, when the Social Democratic Party was pressured to unite with the Communist Party. The SED, Communist in all but name, would rule East Germany for all but the last six months of that nation's existence.
- The Scandinavian phenomenon of "ghost rockets" was first observed, by observers in Finland. Thousands of reported sightings of the unidentified objects were made throughout 1946.
- Born: Ahmed Zewail, Egyptian femtochemistry pioneer and 1999 Nobel Prize in Chemistry laureate; in Damanhour
- Died: George Dealey, 86, Texas philanthropist, and Frank Crowe, American engineer.
February 27, 1946 (Wednesday)
- Former U.S. President Herbert Hoover was asked by President Harry Truman to assist in persuading Americans to assist in famine relief worldwide.
- After reviewing a report from National Urban League executive Lester Granger's tour of naval bases worldwide, U.S. Navy Secretary James Forrestal issued the order (applying to the United States Navy only), "Effective immediately, all restrictions governing the types of assignments for which Negro naval personnel are eligible are hereby lifted." 
- U.S. Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg of Michigan further set the tone for the Cold War, in a famous speech in which he asked the rhetorical question, "What is Russia up to now?", and criticized the Truman Administration's policy of appeasement toward the Soviets. Vandenberg, the highest ranking Republican on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, would become its Chairman when the Republican Party won a majority in both houses in the 1946 mid-term elections.
- The comedy film Road to Utopia starring Bing Crosby, Bob Hope and Dorothy Lamour was released.
February 28, 1946 (Thursday)
- Ho Chi Minh, the newly elected President of Vietnam, sent a telegram to U.S. President Harry S. Truman, asking that the United States use its influence to persuade France not to send occupation forces back into Vietnam, and to "interfere urgently in support of our independence". Truman's reply was that the U.S. would support France, and Ho sought assistance from the Soviet Union instead.
- Born: Robin Cook, British politician, Leader of the House of Commons, 2001–2003, in Bellshill; (d. 2005)
- Died: Béla Imrédy, 54, former Prime Minister of Hungary, was executed by firing squad for collaboration with the Nazis.
- The original photo can be seen in the article: Rose, Allen (April 1946). "Lightning Strikes Mathematics". Popular Science: 83–86. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
- Andrew W. Cordier and Wilder Foote, eds., Public Papers of the Secretaries-General of the United Nations, Vol. 1, (Columbia University Press, 1969) p359
- Rami Ginat, Syria and the Doctrine of Arab Neutralism: From Independence to Dependence (Sussex Academic Press, 2005), p38
- John E. Jessup, An Encyclopedic Dictionary of Conflict and Conflict Resolution, 1945–1996 (Greenwood Press, 1998), p290
- Takemae Eiji, The Allied Occupation of Japan (Continuum, 2003), pp123–124
- "Two Sun Spots 'Blackout' Globe Radio", Salt Lake Tribune, February 3, 1946, p1
- "13 Die, 20 Lost As Home for Aged Blazes", Salt Lake Tribune, February 1946, p1
- Amy W. Knight, How the Cold War Began: The Igor Gouzenko Affair and the Hunt for Soviet Spies (Carroll & Graf Publishers, 2007), p104
- Michael Parrish, The Lesser Terror: Soviet State Security, 1939–1953 (Praeger 1996), p129
- Mark S Monmonier, Maps with the News: The Development of American Journalistic Cartography (University of Chicago Press, 1989), p117
- Transcontinental and Western Air historical webpage
- wayfaring.info, February 27, 2007
- Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History & Culture
- "Malaya", by B.R. Pearn, in South East Asia Colonial History (Volume 5, Taylor and Francis, 2001), p129
- Nguyen Thi Dinh and Mai Elliott, No Other Road to Take (Cornell University Press, 2000), pp11–12
- Christoph Bluth, Korea (Polity Press, 2008), p13
- "The Creation of Memory and Myth", by Frank Costigliola, in Critical Reflections on the Cold War: Linking Rhetoric and History (Texas A & M University Press, 2000), p38
- Ruud van Dijk, Encyclopedia of the Cold War (Volume 1, Taylor and Francis, 2008), p848
- Michael E. Bakich, The Cambridge Guide to the Constellations (Cambridge University Press, 1995), p188
- "From 'Lucky' to Gotti: A Miscellany of American Mafiosi", by Ian Schott, in The World's Greatest True Crime (Barnes & Noble Books, 2004), p21
- William Henry Chamberlin, Russia's Iron Age (READ BOOKS, 2007), p229; "Russ Unanimously Back Stalin, Soviet Regime", Salt Lake Tribune, February 12, 1946, p1
- "1666 Brides of Yanks Dock in N.Y.", Salt Lake Tribune, February 11, 1946, p1
- "Dutch Offer Indonesia 'Free' Status", Salt Lake Tribune, February 11, 1946, p1
- Gerard J. De Groot, The Bomb: A Life (Harvard University Press, 2004) p118
- Peter J. Thuesen, In Discordance with the Scriptures: American Protestant Battles over Translating the Bible (Oxford University Press, 1999) p85
- Gilbert Rozman, Japan and Russia: The Tortuous Path to Normalization, 1949–1999 (St. Martin's Press 2000) p34
- Brook Stowe, New York Theater Review (Black Wave Press, 2007) p55
- David Weinstein, The Forgotten Network: DuMont and the Birth of American Television (Temple University Press2006), p16
- Stuart Spicer, Dream Schemes II: Exotic Airliner Art (MBI Publishing, 2001), p103
- "U.S. Demands Ouster of Peron Regime", Salt Lake Tribune, February 13, 1946, p1
- "Ickes Quits Cabinet, Blasts Truman in Ed Pauley Row", Oakland Tribune, February 13, 1946, p1
- 50 Years of Army Computing, from ENIAC to MSRC (U.S. Army Research Laboratory, 1996), p17; "Electronic Computer Flashes Answers, May Speed Engineering", New York Times, February 15, 1946, p1; "Huge Calculator 1,000 Times More Rapid Than Others", The Post-Standard (Syracuse, New York), February 15, 1946, p15
- "Machine Computes Rocket-Fire Data", New York Times, April 12, 1946, p11
- "Bank of England Now State-Owned", The Post-Standard (Syracuse, New York), February 15, 1946, p4
- "RUSSIAN SPY RING BARED", Winnipeg Free Press, February 16, 1946, p1; Ruth Millar, Saskatchewan Heroes & Rogues (Coteau Books, 2004), pp154–155
- "U.S. Steel Strike Comes to End", Salt Lake Tribune, February 16, 1946, p1
- David L. Bosco, Five to Rule Them All: The UN Security Council and the Making of the Modern World (Oxford University Press, 2009), p4
- Vince Staten, Can You Trust a Tomato in January?: The Hidden Life of Groceries and Other Secrets of the Supermarket Revealed at Last (Simon and Schuster, 1993), p113
- Eugene W. Rawlins, Marines and Helicopters 1946–1962 (U.S. Marine Corps, 1976), p. 2
- Joseph Heller, The Birth of Israel 1945–1949: Ben-Gurion and His Critics (University Press of Florida, 2000) p122
- O.P. Ralhan, ed., Encyclopaedia Of Political Parties (Vol. 50, Anmol Publications, 1997) pp1009–1011
- "Bombay Quiet: Riot Killed 223, Hurt 1037", Salt Lake Tribune, February 25, 1946, p1
- "Pope Confers Red Hats on 28 Cardinals", Salt Lake Tribune, February 22, 1946, p1
- Encyclopedia of African American Education (SAGE Publications, 2008), p437
- Rajendra Prasad, India Divided (Hind Kitabs, 1946), p399
- Otis L. Graham, Toward a Planned Society: From Roosevelt to Nixon (Oxford University Press, 1976), p89
- C. Sarah Soh, The Comfort Women: Sexual Violence and Postcolonial Memory in Korea and Japan (University of Chicago Press, 2008) p210
- "Revolutions Sweep British, Dutch Far East Colonies", Salt Lake Tribune, February 22, 1946, p1
- Joseph Preston Baratta, The Politics of World Federation: United Nations, UN Reform, Atomic Control (Praeger, 2004), p65
- John Lewis Gaddis, The Cold War: A New History (Penguin Books, 2005), p29
- Text of telegram, George Washington University Cold War documents archive
- The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture
- Nicholas Fraser and Marysa Navarro, Evita: The Real Life of Eva Perón (W.W. Norton, 1996), p74
- Dieter Nohlen, Elections in the Americas (Oxford University Press, 2005)
- Christopher B. Strain, Pure Fire: Self-defense as Activism in the Civil Rights Era (University of Georgia Press, 2005) p30
- Donald F. Busky, Communism in History and Theory: The European Experience (Praeger, 2002), p20
- Kevin Randle and Russ Estes, Spaceships of the Visitors: An Illustrated Guide to Alien Spacecraft (Simon and Schuster, 2000) p47
- "Truman Calls in Hoover To Halt World Famine", Salt Lake Tribune, February 1946, p1
- Benjamin Quarles, The Negro in the Making of America (Simon and Schuster, 1996), p259
- John Lewis Gaddis, The United States and the origins of the Cold War, 1941–1947 (Columbia University Press, 2000), p295
- Robert L. LaPointe, PJs in Vietnam: The Story of Airrescue in Vietnam As Seen Through the Eyes of Pararescuemen (Northern PJ Press, 2000) pp26–27; photograph of telegram