Federal Correctional Complex, Terre Haute
|Location||Terre Haute, Vigo County, Indiana|
|Security class||High, medium, and minimum-security|
|Population||3,000 (two facilities and prison camp)|
|Managed by||Federal Bureau of Prisons|
The Federal Correctional Complex, Terre Haute (FCC Terre Haute) is a United States federal prison complex for male inmates in Indiana; much of the complex grounds is in Terre Haute, though portions are in unincorporated Vigo County. It is operated by the Federal Bureau of Prisons, a division of the United States Department of Justice, and consists of two facilities:
- Federal Correctional Institution, Terre Haute (FCI Terre Haute): Established in 1960, it is a medium-security facility with a Communication Management Unit which holds inmates who are deemed to require increased monitoring of communications with others.
- United States Penitentiary, Terre Haute (USP Terre Haute): Established in 1940, it is a high-security facility which holds federal death row for men and also has a prison camp for minimum-security male offenders.
United States Penitentiary, Terre Haute uses a Special Confinement Unit to separate Federal death sentenced inmates. Male inmates are transferred from other facilities, like state and federal prisons, for engagement in the Special Confinement Unit. USP Terre Haute opened the SCU on July 13, 1999.
Inmates considered high risk are immediately placed in a secure wing with more rules and supervision. These prisons are restricted segregation, which involves a twenty-three hour cell lock in, usually in solitary confinement. Inmates are allowed a thirty minute lunch and thirty minutes of yard time.
The Terre Haute prison experiments in 1943 and 1944 were the precursor to the Syphilis experiments in Guatemala.
In 1942, the sixth Surgeon General of the United States, Thomas Parran, Jr., endorsed medical experiments on STD transmission so long as volunteers were found to be exposed to infection.
Because of the great prevalence of gonorrhea and its importance in the production of noneffective [sic] man-days both in the armed forces and civilian population, I believe that the human inoculation experiments proposed by Doctor Carpenter are justifiable if the human subjects are selected on a voluntary basis.
In 1943, a decision was made to use prisoners as volunteers, as soldiers could not be guaranteed sexual abstinence for six months, and the mentally ill were not considered appropriate research subjects. Due to legal issues, the Army Medical Corps preferred federal prisons to state run institutions, and Terre Haute had the best medical facilities. Prisoners participated with consent, receiving $100 for their involvement. A 2011 US Bioethics report states:
In total, 241 prisoners participated in the experiments, which ended in 1944. The first stage of the experiment required the investigators to develop a consistent technique for producing gonorrhea in subjects. Dr. Mahoney, Dr. Cutler, and their staff began efforts to infect subjects through artificial exposure in October 1943, a year after Dr. Carpenter first proposed the work to Dr. Moore. All subjects were inoculated with bacteria deposited into the end of the penis. The researchers tried a variety of strains and concentrations of gonorrhea. At least some of the strains were gathered from local commercial sex workers who were examined by Dr. Blum after they had been arrested in Terre Haute by local police.
The infection methods used by doctors did not involve natural sexual intercourse, unlike in 1947 in the Syphilis experiments in Guatemala. Dr. John Charles Cutler supported the experiment to his death.
On September 15, 2010, prisoner Daniel L. Delaney (09416-112) murdered his cellmate while both were in the Special Housing Unit (SHU) or solitary confinement. Delaney was convicted of first degree murder for the act. He was transferred to ADX Florence.
- ^ "2020 CENSUS - CENSUS BLOCK MAP: Vigo County, IN" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. pp. 21-22 (PDF p. 22-23/45). Retrieved August 15, 2022.
Federal Correctional Complex Terre Haute
- ^  Archived May 28, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
- ^  Archived September 23, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
- ^ "BOP: Statistics". Bop.gov. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
- ^ "Terre Haute Prison Prepares for Executions". Fox News. June 8, 2001. Retrieved March 20, 2018.
- ^ "Find a Prison Consultant | Zoukis Prisoner Resources". Prisoner Resource. Retrieved April 19, 2018.
- ^ ""Ethically impossible" - STD Research in Guatemala from 1946 to 1948" (PDF). Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues. September 2011.
- ^ Walter, Matthew (2012). "Human experiments: First, do harm". Nature. 482 (7384): 148–152. doi:10.1038/482148a. ISSN 0028-0836.
- ^ "Hopkins faces $1B lawsuit over role in 1950s government study that gave subjects STDs". Carroll County Times. April 1, 2015. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
- ^ Selyukh, Alina (August 30, 2011). "U.S. researchers broke rules in Guatemala syphilis study". Reuters. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
- ^ "Hogsett Announces Conviction of Terre Haute Federal Inmate for First-Degree Murder." Federal Bureau of Investigation. April 11, 2012. Retrieved on March 29, 2016.
- FCC Terre Haute Official website