Federal Energy Administration

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The Federal Energy Administration (FEA) was a United States government organization created in 1974 to address the 1970s energy crisis, and specifically the 1973 oil crisis.[1] It was merged in 1977 with the newly created United States Department of Energy.[2]


The FEA was created by the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 and Executive Order 11790. The Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA) was created by the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974 and managed the energy research and development, nuclear weapons, and naval reactors programs.

The Federal Energy Administration Act created the first U.S. agency with the primary focus on energy and mandated it to collect, assemble, evaluate, and analyze energy information. It also provided FEA with data collection enforcement authority for gathering data from energy producing and major consuming firms. Section 52 of the FEA Act mandated establishment of the National Energy Information System to "contain such energy information as is necessary to carry out the Administration’s statistical and forecasting activities."

The Department of Energy Organization Act of 1977 created the United States Department of Energy (USDOE), which merged ERDA and FEA under USDOE. It also created the Energy Information Administration as the primary Federal Government authority on energy statistics and analysis.


National Energy Office
Energy Policy Office
  • John Love (July 16, 1973 – December 4, 1973)
Federal Energy Office
Federal Energy Administration

Andrew Gibson was nominated to succeed Sawhill but was withdrawn before the Senate had a chance to act on it.


  1. ^ Staff report (May 8, 1974). Energy Crisis Still With Us, Nixon Warns. Los Angeles Times
  2. ^ Vietor, Richard H. K. (1987). Energy Policy in America Since 1945: A Study of Business-Government Relations. Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-33572-0

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