Policía Federal Ministerial
|Federal Ministerial Police
Policía Federal Ministerial
|Formed||May 30, 2009|
|Preceding agency||Agencia Federal de Investigación|
|Legal personality||Governmental: Government agency|
|Constituting instrument||Decree of the Union Executive on November 1, 2001|
The Federal Ministerial Police (in Spanish: Policía Federal Ministerial, PFM) is a Mexican federal agency tasked with fighting corruption and organized crime, through an executive order by President Vicente Fox Quesada. The agency is directed by the Attorney General's Office (PGR) and may have been partly modeled on the Federal Bureau of Investigation of the United States. PFM agents in action often wear masks to prevent themselves from being identified by gang leaders. PFM agents are uniformed when carrying out raids.
It was formed in 2009 as a reform and renaming of the Federal Investigative Agency (Agencia Federal de Investigación or AFI) which had replaced an earlier agency, the Federal Judicial Police. Some agents of the Federal Investigations Agency were believed to work as enforcers for the Sinaloa Cartel. The Attorney General's Office reported in December 2005 that 1,500 of 7,000 AFI agents — nearly 25% of the force — were under investigation for suspected criminal activity and 457 were facing charges.
In November 2008, Rodolfo de la Guardia García, the No. 2 official in the AFI from 2003–2005, was placed under arrest as investigators looked into the possibility that he leaked information to the Sinaloa Cartel in return for monthly payments.
Disestablishing of the AFI
On 29 May 2009, the Federal Investigations Agency was restructured and renamed the 'Ministerial Federal Police'.
- Afghan National Police
- Civil Police (Brazil)
- Federal Bureau of Investigation
- Federal police
- Federal Security Service (Russia)
- Guardia di Finanza
- Iraqi Police
- National Police (France)
- People's Armed Police
- Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP)
- Scotland Yard
- Serious Organised Crime Agency (SOCA)
- Cook, Colleen W., ed. (October 16, 2007). "CSR Report for Congress" (PDF). Mexico's Drug Cartels (PDF). USA: Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 2008-11-02.
- "Crime-torn Mexican 'FBI' Investigates 1,500 Agents," Reuters, December 4, 2005; Tim Gaynor and Monica Medel, "Drug Gangs Corrupt Mexico's Elite 'FBI,'" Reuters, December 6, 2005; and, Laurie Freeman, State of Siege: Drug-Related Violence and Corruption in Mexico, Washington Office on Latin America, June 2006.
- "Mexico's corruption inquiry expands to ex-police official". Associated Press. November 7, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-08.[dead link]
- Jorge Ramos Pérezy Maria de la Luz González (30 May 2009). "Surge la Policía Federal Ministerial". El Universal. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
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