Federal Kidnapping Act
|Other short titles||Lindbergh Law|
|Long title||An Act forbidding the transportation of any person in interstate or foreign commerce, kidnapped, or otherwise unlawfully detained, and making such act a felony.|
|Nicknames||Federal Kidnapping Act of 1932|
|Enacted by||the 72nd United States Congress|
|Effective||June 22, 1932|
|Public law||Pub.L. 72–189|
|Statutes at Large||47 Stat. 326|
|Titles amended||18 U.S.C.: Crimes and Criminal Procedure|
|U.S.C. sections created||18 U.S.C. ch. 55 § 1201 et seq.|
Following the historic Lindbergh kidnapping (the abduction and murder of Charles Lindbergh's toddler son), the United States Congress passed a federal kidnapping statute—known as the Federal Kidnapping Act, 18 U.S.C. § 1201(a)(1) (popularly known as the Lindbergh Law, or Little Lindbergh Law)—which was intended to let federal authorities step in and pursue kidnappers once they had crossed state lines with their victim. The Act became law in 1932.
The theory behind the Lindbergh Law was that federal law enforcement intervention was necessary because state and local law enforcement officers could not effectively pursue kidnappers across state lines. Since federal law enforcement, such as FBI agents and U.S. Marshals, have national law enforcement authority, Congress believed they could do a much more effective job of dealing with kidnappings than could state, county, and local authorities.
A provision of the law provides exception for parents who abduct their own minor children.
Several states implemented their own versions of this law, known as "Little Lindbergh" laws, covering acts of kidnapping that did not cross state lines. In some states, if the victim was physically harmed in any manner, the crime qualified for capital punishment. This was what occurred in the Caryl Chessman case in California. Following the April 8, 1968 decision by the United States Supreme Court in United States v. Jackson, kidnapping alone no longer constitutes a capital offense.
- Louis Jones Jr., perpetrator of the Murder of Tracie McBride, was convicted of kidnapping resulting in death.
- Arthur Gooch, who was put to death for kidnapping two police officers in Texas before releasing them unharmed in Oklahoma.
- Lisa Marie Montgomery, executed 2021 for the kidnapping of Bobbie Jo Stinnett's unborn child. Montgomery cut the baby out of Stinnett's womb and left Stinnett to die.
- "Federal Kidnap Act Is Signed by Hoover". The Owosso Argus-Press. AP. 1932-06-23. p. 11. Retrieved 2015-01-31. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Theoharis, Athan G. The FBI: a comprehensive reference guide, Greenwood, 1998. ISBN 978-0-89774-991-6. Page 112. Retrieved November 10, 2009
- "United States of America, Plaintiff-appellee, v. Louis Jones, Defendant-appellant, 132 F.3d 232 (5th Cir. 1998)." Justia. January 5, 1998. Retrieved on March 1, 2019.
- Peters, Gerhard; Woolley, John T. "Herbert Hoover: "Statement on the Lindbergh Kidnaping.," May 13, 1932". The American Presidency Project. University of California - Santa Barbara.