Federal Migration Service (Russian Federation)

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Federal Migration Service of the Russian Government
FMS of Russia
Agency overview
FormedJune 14, 1992
Preceding agencies
  • OVIR, Department of Visas and Immigration
  • Passports and Visas Service of MVD
    Migration Committee
Dissolved5 April 2016
Superseding agencyDirectorate for Migration Affairs of MVD
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdictionRUS
Governing bodyGovernment of Russia
General nature
HeadquartersUpper Radishchevskaya Street 4 D. str. 1, Tagansky District in Moscow, Russia

Elected officer responsible
Agency executive
Parent agencyGovernment of Russia
Child agency
  • Immigration Control Directorate
  • June 14

The Federal Migration Service (Федеральная миграционная служба, ФМС России) was a federal law enforcement agency responsible for implementing the state policy on migration and also performing law enforcement functions, functions for control, supervision and provision of public services in the field of migration. The Federal Migration Service was responsible for the issuing of Russian international passports, resident registration and immigration control in Russia.[1] Headquartered in Moscow, FMS was charged with the investigation and enforcement of over 500 federal statutes within the Russian Federation. FMS is led by a Director who is appointed by the Prime Minister of Russia.

FMS was the one of the largest investigative agency in the Russian government, following the Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation, Investigative Committee of Russia and the FSKN.

The Russian Federal Migration Service was created in June 14, 1992 replacing the Migration Committee of the Ministry of Labor and Employment. The service was established on basis of Governmental Decree No. 740 from September 22, 1992.

On April 5, 2016 the FMS was dissolved, and its functions and authorities were transferred to the Main Directorate for Migration Affairs MVD.


The Russian Federal Migration Service was created on June 14, 1992, replacing the Migration Committee of the Ministry of Labor and Employment.

In 1999, President of Russia Boris Yeltsin signed a Decree to dissolve the FMS and reestablish it as Ministry for Federation Affairs, Nationalities and Migration Policy.

In 2001 the Ministry was dissolved and its functions were transferred to the MVD.

In February 23, 2002 President Putin organized the establishment of the Department for Migration Affairs under the MVD.

On July 19, 2004 President Putin signed a decree to reestablish the Federal Migration Service. The service was reorganized in its current form by Presidential Decree No. 928 of July 19, 2004 "Issues of the Federal Migration Service".[2]

The territorial organs of the FMS of Russia were established on January 1, 2006, bringing together the Passport and Visa Service and the Immigration Division of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.

Until 2012, the service was under the jurisdiction of the MVD. From 2012 til 2016, FMS was under direct subordinate of the Russian Government.[3]


  • Law Directorate
  • Directorate for Analytic organization
  • Directorate for Immigration Control (Управление иммиграционного контроля)
  • Directorate for Citizenship Affairs
  • Office for immigrants
  • Directorate for organization of visas and registration
  • Directorate of external labor migration
  • Directorate for organization of passports and registration of public accounting
  • Department of International and Public Affairs
  • Directorate of Compatriots Affairs
  • Inspection and Accountability Office
  • Financial and economic Affairs
  • Department of organizing activities for mobilization training
  • Center for[clarification needed] citizens, passport and visa issues
  • Center for Logistics
  • Information Center
  • Centers for temporary accommodation of displaced persons
  • Centers for Medical and psychological rehabilitation of displaced persons
  • Department for Base material and technical resources
  • Center for temporary accommodation of immigrants
  • Training Center
  • Federal State Institution "Center for detention of persons subject to readmission"

Professional holiday[edit]

Since 2007, June 14 is the official Day of the worker of the Migration Service in the Russian Federation.

Directors of the Federal Migration Service[edit]

No. Director Term of Office President(s) served under
1. Tatyana Regent[4] July 1992 - February 1999 Boris Yeltsin
2. Vladimir Putin 26 February 2002-1.jpg Andrey Chernenko 3 June 2004 — July 20, 2005 Vladimir Putin
2. Konstantin Romodanovskiy, September 2010.jpeg Konstantin Romodanovsky July 20, 2005 — April 5, 2016 Vladimir Putin
Dmitry Medvedev

See also[edit]


External links[edit]

International agencies comparable to FMS[edit]