Ministry of Transport (Austria)

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Ministry of Transport
Infrastrukturministerium
BMVIT-01.jpg
Ministry overview
Formed1896
JurisdictionAustria
HeadquartersStubenring 1
Vienna
48°12′38″N 16°23′9″E / 48.21056°N 16.38583°E / 48.21056; 16.38583
Minister responsible
Websitebmvit.gv.at

In Austrian politics, the Ministry of Transport (German: Verkehrsministerium) in the ministry in charge of railways, transport policy, and the postal system.

The current Minister of Transport is Norbert Hofer.[1][2]

First established in 1896, its exact name and portfolio have undergone changes numerous times throughout the years. As of 2018, the ministry is officially called the Ministry for Transport, Innovation and Technology (Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Innovation und Technologie or BMVIT) and is tasked, in addition to its core regulatory and infrastructure responsibilities, with the promotion of scientific research and technological progress. The ministry regulates motor vehicles, railways, waterways, aviation safety, air traffic control, air weather services, public transport, the postal system, and the telecommunications sector. It maintains the autobahns and other national highways. The Ministry also owns and supervises the via donau, a corporation charged with the maintenance of the Danube as a commercial shipping route and wildlife reserve.[3]

History[edit]

The Ministry was first established as the Cisleithanian Ministry of Railways in 1896; previously, railways had been the responsibility of the Ministry of Commerce (Handelsministerium). In 1923, the Ministry of Railways was merged back into the Ministry of Commerce.

In its current form and under its modern common name, the Ministry of Transport appeared in 1945. Its areas of responsibility were railways, the postal system, shipping, and public transport. In 1950, it gained responsibility for aviation affairs. In 1973, it was put in charge of a number of additional areas, including but not limited to motor vehicles, traffic police matters, and mineral oil pipelines. On and off, the Ministry also supervised Austria's nationalized heavy industry, exercising direct control over some of the country's largest employers and a sizable percentage of the nation's GDP. From 1950 to 1973 it also controlled the electricity sector.

The Ministry was merged with the Ministry of Economic Affairs in 1996. When it was reestablished yet again in 2000, it had acquired responsibility for national road construction and maintenance.

Responsibilities[edit]

As of January 2018, the Ministry is charged with regulating, supervising, or managing, respectively:[4]

  • traffic policy;
  • transportation by railway, navigation and aviation;
  • motor vehicle traffic and matters of traffic police; accident research;
  • national roads;
  • companies responsible for construction and maintenance of national roads by national law;
  • hydraulic engineering waterways regarding the navigable rivers Danube and March as well as Thaya river along the international border between Bernhardsthal until ending in the March river and of other waterways, as well as of water supply and sewerage systems, to the extent they are not within the powers of some other ministry; administration of the Marchfeld Canal;
  • commercial transportation of passengers and goods including commercial transportation of goods in pipelines with the exception of the management of water supply systems;
  • transportation of persons and goods with company-owned vehicles;
  • railways, including the construction and administration of buildings and state-owned real estate assigned to railway use; exercise of shareholders’ rights due to stakes the government owns in other railway companies;
  • postal and telecommunications services;
  • the Council of Research and Technological Development (Rat für Forschung und Technologieentwicklung);
  • scientific and technological research, except for those areas within the purview of the Ministry of Digital and Economic Affairs;
  • industrial property rights, in particular patents and utility model protection, patent law attorneys and their professional representation; protection of designs, brand names and other product designations;
  • outer space affairs.

Structure[edit]

As of May 2018, the ministry consists of the Minister and his personal staff (Kabinett), the office of the general secretary, and four departments (Sektionen):[5]

  1. Presidium and international affairs (Präsidium und internationale Angelegenheiten)
  2. Infrastructure planning and financing; coordination (Infrastrukturplanung und -finanzierung, Koordination)
  3. Innovation and telecommunications (Innovation und Telekommunikation)
  4. Transport (Verkehr)

The Minister and his staff are political appointees; the general secretary and the section heads are career civil servants.

Ministers[edit]

Cisleithania[edit]

First Republic[edit]

State Secretariat of Transport
Staatsamt für Verkehrswesen
Cabinet:Secretary:Party:Date appointed:
Renner ICarl Jukel CSOctober 30, 1918
Renner IILudwig Paul noneMarch 15, 1919
Renner IIIOctober 17, 1919
Ferdinand Hanusch (interim)SPÖJuly 1, 1920
Mayr IKarl Pesta noneJuly 7, 1920
Ministry of Transport
Bundesministerium für Verkehrswesen
Cabinet:Minister:Party:Date appointed:
Mayr IIKarl Pesta noneNovember 20, 1920
Schober IWalter Rodler CSJune 21, 1921
BreiskyJanuary 26, 1922
Schober IIJanuary 27, 1922
Seipel IFranz Odehnal CSMay 31, 1922
Ministry of Transport
Bundesministerium für Handel und Verkehr
Cabinet:Minister:Party:Date appointed:
Seipel IIHans Schürff GDVPApril 17, 1923
Seipel IIINovember 20, 1923
Ramek INovember 20, 1924
Ramek IIJanuary 15, 1926
Seipel IVOctober 20, 1926
Seipel VMay 19, 1927
StreeruwitzMay 4, 1929
Schober IIIMichael Hainisch noneSeptember 26, 1929
Johann Schober (interim)noneJune 17, 1930
Friedrich Schuster noneJune 20, 1930
VaugoinEduard Heinl CSSeptember 30, 1930
EnderDecember 4, 1930
Buresch IJune 20, 1931
Buresch IIJanuary 29, 1932
Dollfuß IGuido Jaconcig HBMay 20, 1932
Dollfuß IISeptember 21, 1932
Friedrich Stockinger VFMay 10, 1933
Schuschnigg IJuly 29, 1934
Schuschnigg IIMay 14, 1936
Schuschnigg IIIWilhelm Taucher VFNovember 3, 1936
Schuschnigg IVJulius Raab VFFebruary 16, 1938
Seyß-InquartMarch 11, 1938

Second Republic[edit]

Ministry of Transport
Bundesministerium für Verkehr
Cabinet:Minister:Party:Date appointed:
Figl IVinzenz Übeleis SPÖDecember 20, 1945
Ministry of Transport and Nationalized Industry
Bundesministerium für Verkehr und verstaatlichte Betriebe
Cabinet:Minister:Party:Date appointed:
Figl IIKarl Waldbrunner SPÖNovember 8, 1949
Figl IIIOctober 28, 1952
Raab IApril 2, 1953
Ministry of Transport and Electricity
Bundesministerium für Verkehr und Elektrizitätswirtschaft
Cabinet:Minister:Party:Date appointed:
Raab IIKarl Waldbrunner SPÖJune 29, 1956
Raab IIIJuly 16, 1959
Raab IVNovember 3, 1960
Gorbach IApril 11, 1961
Bruno Pittermann (interim)SPÖDecember 14, 1962
Gorbach IIOtto Probst SPÖMarch 27, 1963
Klaus IApril 2, 1964
Ministry of Transport and Nationalized Enterprise
Bundesministerium für Verkehr und verstaatlichte Unternehmungen
Cabinet:Minister:Party:Date appointed:
Klaus IILudwig Weiß ÖVPApril 19, 1966
Kreisky IErwin Frühbauer SPÖApril 21, 1970
Ministry of Transport
Bundesministerium für Verkehr
Cabinet:Minister:Party:Date appointed:
Kreisky IErwin Frühbauer SPÖJuly 24, 1970
Kreisky IINovember 4, 1971
Erwin Lanc SPÖDecember 17, 1973
Kreisky IIIOctober 28, 1975
Karl Lausecker SPÖJune 8, 1977
Kreisky IVJune 5, 1979
SinowatzMay 24, 1983
Ferdinand Lacina SPÖSeptember 10, 1984
Ministry of Public Economy and Transport
Bundesministerium für öffentliche Wirtschaft und Verkehr
Cabinet:Minister:Party:Date appointed:
SinowatzFerdinand Lacina SPÖJanuary 1, 1985
Vranitzky IRudolf Streicher SPÖJune 16, 1986
Vranitzky IIJanuary 21, 1987
Vranitzky IIIDecember 17, 1990
Viktor Klima SPÖApril 3, 1992
Vranitzky IVNovember 29, 1994
Vranitzky VRudolf Scholten (interim)SPÖMarch 12, 1996
Ministry of Science, Transport and the Arts
Bundesministerium für Wissenschaft, Verkehr und Kunst
Cabinet:Minister:Party:Date appointed:
Vranitzky VRudolf Scholten SPÖMay 1, 1996
KlimaCaspar Einem SPÖJanuary 28, 1997
Ministry of Science and Transport
Bundesministerium für Wissenschaft und Verkehr
Cabinet:Minister:Party:Date appointed:
KlimaCaspar Einem SPÖFebruary 15, 1997
Schüssel IMichael Schmid FPÖFebruary 4, 2000
Ministry of Transport, Innovation and Technology
Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Innovation und Technologie
Cabinet:Minister:Party:Date appointed:
Schüssel IMichael Schmid FPÖApril 1, 2000
Monika Forstinger FPÖNovember 14, 2000
Matthias Reichhold FPÖFebruary 19, 2002
Schüssel IIHubert Gorbach FPÖFebruary 28, 2003
GusenbauerWerner Faymann SPÖJanuary 11, 2007
Faymann IDoris Bures SPÖDecember 2, 2008
Faymann IIDecember 16, 2013
Alois Stöger SPÖSeptember 1, 2014
Gerald Klug SPÖJanuary 26, 2016
KernJörg Leichtfried SPÖMay 18, 2016
KurzNorbert Hofer FPÖDecember 18, 2017

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Türkis-Blau: Das sind die neuen Minister". Kurier. December 16, 2017. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
  2. ^ "16-köpfiges ÖVP-FPÖ-Team vereidigt". ORF. December 16, 2017. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
  3. ^ "Bundesministeriengesetz-Novelle 2017; BGBl. I Nr. 164/2017" (in German). December 28, 2017. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
  4. ^ "Bundesministeriengesetz 1986 in der Fassung vom 28. Dezember 2017" (in German). BKA. December 28, 2017. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
  5. ^ "Organisation des Ministeriums" (in German). BMVIT. Retrieved 2018-05-06.

External links[edit]