Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection

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Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection
Bundesministerium der Justiz und für Verbraucherschutz (BMJV)
Bundesministerium der Justiz und für Verbraucherschutz logo.svg
Agency overview
Formed1 January 1877 as Reichsjustizamt
JurisdictionGovernment of Germany
HeadquartersMohrenstraße 37
10117 Berlin
Employees789[1]
Annual budget919.734 million (2020)[2]
Minister responsible
Agency executives
Websitehttp://www.bmj.bund.de

The Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection (German: Bundesministerium der Justiz und für Verbraucherschutz), abbreviated BMJV, is a cabinet-level ministry of the Federal Republic of Germany. Under the German federal system, individual States are most responsible for the administration of justice and the application of penalties. The Federal Ministry of Justice devotes itself to creating and changing law in the classic core areas related to Constitutional law. The Ministry also analyzes the legality and constitutionality of laws prepared by other ministries. The German Federal Court of Justice, the German Patent and Trade Mark Office (GPTO), and the German Patent Court all fall under its scope. The ministry is officially located in Berlin.[3]

The BMJV was founded on January 1, 1877, as the Imperial Justice Office (Reichsjustizamt). After Germany became a republic in 1919, it was raised to the rank of a federal ministry as the Reichsministerium der Justiz or Reichsjustizministerium. The ministry was formally renamed the Bundesministerium der Justiz in 1949. In several laws predating 1949, the ministry and the minister are however referred to as Reichsministerium der Justiz and Reichsminister der Justiz, respectively. This has gradually been replaced with the new name and title when laws have been amended, most recently in 2010.[4]

List of ministers[edit]

The Federal Ministry of Justice in Berlin

State Secretaries for Justice, 1876–1918[edit]

Ministers of Justice, 1918–1945[edit]

No. Portrait Name
(Born-Died)
Term Political Party Government
Took office Left office Time in office
1
Otto Landsberg
Otto Landsberg
(1869–1957)
13 February 191920 June 1919127 daysSPDScheidemann
2
Eugen Schiffer
Eugen Schiffer
(1860–1954)
3 October 191926 March 1920175 daysDDPBauer
3
Andreas Blunck
Andreas Blunck
(1871–1933)
26 March 19208 June 192074 daysDDPMüller I
4
Rudolf Heinze
Rudolf Heinze
(1865–1928)
25 June 19204 May 1921313 daysDVPFehrenbach
(2)
Eugen Schiffer
Eugen Schiffer
(1860–1954)
10 May 192122 October 1921165 daysDDPWirth I
5
Gustav Radbruch
Gustav Radbruch
(1878–1949)
26 October 192114 November 19221 year, 19 daysSPDWirth II
(4)
Rudolf Heinze
Rudolf Heinze
(1865–1928)
22 November 192212 August 1923263 daysDVPCuno
(5)
Gustav Radbruch
Gustav Radbruch
(1878–1949)
13 August 19233 November 192382 daysSPDStresemann III
6
Erich Emminger
Erich Emminger
(1880–1951)
30 November 192315 April 1924137 daysBVPMarx I
Kurt Joël
Kurt Joël
(1865–1945)
Acting
15 April 192415 December 1924244 daysIndependentMarx III
7
Josef Frenken
Josef Frenken
(1854–1943)
15 January 192521 November 1925341 daysCentreLuther I
Hans Luther
Hans Luther
(1879–1962)
Acting
21 November 19255 December 1925349 daysIndependentLuther I
8
Wilhelm Marx
Wilhelm Marx
(1863–1946)
20 January 192612 May 1926112 daysCentreLuther II
Marx III
9
Johannes Bell
Johannes Bell
(1868–1949)
16 May 192617 December 1926215 daysCentreMarx III
10
Oskar Hergt
Oskar Hergt
(1869–1967)
28 January 192712 June 19281 year, 136 daysDNVPMarx IIIIV
11
Erich Koch-Weser
Erich Koch-Weser
(1875–1944)
28 June 192813 April 1929289 daysDDPMüller II
12
Theodor von Guérard
Theodor von Guérard
(1863–1943)
13 April 192927 March 1930348 daysCentreMüller II
13
Johann Viktor Bredt
Johann Viktor Bredt
(1879–1940)
30 March 19305 December 1930250 daysWPBrüning I
Kurt Joël
Kurt Joël
(1865–1945)
Acting
5 December 193030 May 19321 year, 177 daysIndependentBrüning III
14
Franz Gürtner
Franz Gürtner
(1881–1941)
1 Juni 193229 January 1941 †8 years, 242 daysDNVP
NSDAP
Papen
Schleicher
Hitler
15
Franz Schlegelberger
Franz Schlegelberger
(1876–1970)
30 January 194120 August 19421 year, 202 daysNSDAPHitler
16
Otto Georg Thierack
Otto Georg Thierack
(1889–1946)
20 August 194223 May 19452 years, 276 daysNSDAPHitler
Goebbels
Schwerin von Krosigk

Federal Ministers, since 1949[edit]

Current Federal Minister of Justice and Consumer Protection Christine Lambrecht

Political Party:   FDP   DP   CSU   CDU   SPD

Name
(Born-Died)
Portrait Party Term of Office Chancellor
(Cabinet)
Federal Minister of Justice
Thomas Dehler
(1897–1967)
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F018867-0026, Bonn, Minister aus Südamerika im Bundestag (Ausschnitt Dehler).jpg FDP 20 September 1949 20 October 1953 Adenauer (I)
Fritz Neumayer
(1884–1973)
FDP 20 October 1953 16 October 1956 Adenauer (II)
Hans-Joachim von Merkatz
(1905–1982)
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F024640-0014, Hans-Joachim von Merkatz.jpg DP 16 October 1956 29 October 1957
Fritz Schäffer
(1888–1967)
KAS-Schäffer, Fritz-Bild-395-1 (cropped).jpg CSU 29 October 1957 14 November 1961 Adenauer (III)
Wolfgang Stammberger
(1920–1982)
FDP 14 November 1961 19 November 1962 Adenauer (IV)
Ewald Bucher
(1914–1991)
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F017420-0020, Bucher, Ewald cropped.jpg FDP 14 December 1962 27 March 1965 Adenauer (V)
Erhard (I)
Karl Weber
(1898–1985)
KAS-Weber, Karl-Bild-2203-1 (cropped).jpg CDU 1 April 1965 26 October 1965 Erhard (I)
Richard Jaeger
(1913–1998)
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F079561-0003, Jaeger (portrait crop).jpg CSU 26 October 1965 30 November 1966 Erhard (II)
Gustav Heinemann
(1899–1976)
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F029021-0010, Gustav Heinemann.jpg SPD 1 December 1966 26 March 1969 Kiesinger (I)
Horst Ehmke
(1927–2017)
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F041575-0018, Horst Ehmke bei Pressekonferenz.jpg SPD 26 March 1969 21 October 1969 Kiesinger (I)
Gerhard Jahn
(1927–1998)
Gerhard Jahn.PNG SPD 22 October 1969 7 May 1974 Brandt (III)
Hans-Jochen Vogel
(1926–2020)
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F055059-0019, Köln, SPD-Parteitag, Vogel.jpg SPD 16 May 1974 22 January 1981 Schmidt (I • II • III)
Jürgen Schmude
(b. 1936)
Jürgen Schmude-01 retouched (portrait crop).jpg SPD 22 January 1981 1 October 1982 Schmidt (III)
Hans A. Engelhard
(1934–2008)
Hans Engelhard FDP Bundesparteitag 1982 (cropped).jpg FDP 4 October 1982 18 January 1991 Kohl (IIIIII)
Klaus Kinkel
(1936–2019)
Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F063645-0024, Pullach, Besuch Carstens beim BND (cropped).jpg No party;
FDP (from 1991)
18 January 1991 18 May 1992 Kohl (IV)
Sabine Leutheusser-Schnarrenberger
(b. 1951)
Sabine Leutheusser-Schnarrenberger (Berlin Film Festival 2011) (cropped).jpg FDP 18 May 1992 17 January 1996 Kohl (IVV)
Edzard Schmidt-Jortzig
(b. 1941)
Edzard Schmidt-Jortzig (portrait crop).JPG FDP 17 January 1996 26 October 1998 Kohl (V)
Herta Däubler-Gmelin
(b. 1943)
Herta Däubler-Gmelin 1009.jpg SPD 27 October 1998 22 October 2002 Schröder (I)
Brigitte Zypries
(b. 1953)
WLP14-ri-0279- Brigitte Zypries (SPD).jpg SPD 22 October 2002 28 October 2009 Schröder (II)
Merkel (I)
Sabine Leutheusser-Schnarrenberger
(b. 1951)
Sabine Leutheusser-Schnarrenberger (Berlin Film Festival 2011) (cropped).jpg FDP 28 October 2009 17 December 2013 Merkel (II)
Federal Minister of Justice and Consumer Protection
Heiko Maas
(b. 1966)
Heiko Maas in Brussels - 2018 (40838347435) (cropped).jpg SPD 17 December 2013 14 March 2018 Merkel (III)
Katarina Barley
(b. 1968)
Katarina Barley-4934.jpg SPD 14 March 2018 27 June 2019 Merkel (IV)
Christine Lambrecht
(b. 1965)
2017-03-19 Lambrecht Roth SPD Parteitag by Olaf Kosinsky-3.jpg SPD 27 June 2019 Incumbent Merkel (IV)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Aufgaben und Organisation".
  2. ^ "Bundeshaushalt". www.bundeshaushalt.de. Retrieved 25 January 2020.
  3. ^ Federal Ministry of Justice "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-05-04. Retrieved 2012-06-01.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Official website] (in English) retrieved 1-Jun-2012
  4. ^ "BGBL/de". Archived from the original on 2013-07-18. Retrieved 2011-05-30.

External links[edit]