Federal Seed Act
|Long title||An Act to regulate interstate and foreign commerce in seeds; to require labeling and to prevent misrepresentation of seeds in interstate commerce; to require certain standards with respect to certain imported seeds; and for other purposes.|
|Nicknames||Federal Seed Act of 1939|
|Enacted by||the 76th United States Congress|
|Effective||February 4, 1940|
|Public law||Pub.L. 76–354|
|Statutes at Large||53 Stat. 1275|
|Titles amended||7 U.S.C.: Agriculture|
|U.S.C. sections created||7 U.S.C. ch. 37 § 1551 et seq.|
The Federal Seed Act, P.L. 76-354 (August 9, 1939), requires accurate labeling and purity standards for seeds in commerce, and prohibits the importation and movement of adulterated or misbranded seeds. The law works in conjunction with the Plant Protection Act of 2000 to authorize the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) to regulate the importation of field crop, pasture and forage, or vegetable seed that may contain noxious weed seeds. USDA's Agricultural Marketing Service is responsible for enforcing the labeling and purity standard provisions.
Titles of the Act
- Title I - Definitions - 7 U.S.C. §§ 1561-1562
- Construction with respect to labeling for variety and origin
- Agricultural seeds
- Vegetable seeds
- Weed seeds
- Noxious weed seeds
- Origin, kind, variety, and type of seeds
- Hard seeds
- Pure live seed
- Label and labeling of seeds
- Subject to prescribed tolerances
- False labeling and false advertisement
- In bulk
- Title II - Interstate Commerce - 7 U.S.C. §§ 1571-1575
- Prohibitions Relating to Interstate Commerce in Certain Seeds
- Disclaimers and Nonwarranties
- False Advertising
- Title III - Foreign Commerce - 7 U.S.C. §§ 1581-1586
- Prohibitions and Procedures Relating to Importations
- Adulterated Seed
- Seed Unfit for Seeding Purposes
- Certain Seeds Required to be Stained
- Certain Acts Prohibited
- Title IV - General Provisions - 7 U.S.C. §§ 1591-1610
- Delegation of Duties
- Rules and Regulations
- Standards, Tests, and Tolerances
- Prohibition Against Alterations
- Cease and Desist Proceedings
- Separability of Proceedings
- Authorization for Appropriations
- Authorization for Expenditures
- Separability of Provisions
- Effective Date
Amendments to 1939 Act
U.S. Congressional amendments to the Federal Seed Act.
|Date of Enactment||Public Law Number||U.S. Statute Citation||U.S. Legislative Bill||U.S. Presidential Administration|
|July 9, 1956||P.L. 84-662||70 Stat. 508||S. 1688||Dwight D. Eisenhower|
|August 1, 1958||P.L. 85-581||72 Stat. 476||S. 1939||Dwight D. Eisenhower|
|October 15, 1966||P.L. 89-686||80 Stat. 975||H.R. 15662||Lyndon B. Johnson|
|October 17, 1969||P.L. 91-89||83 Stat. 134||S. 1836||Richard M. Nixon|
|January 8, 1983||P.L. 97-439||96 Stat. 2287||H.R. 7005||Ronald W. Reagan|
This article incorporates public domain material from the Congressional Research Service document: Jasper Womach. "Report for Congress: Agriculture: A Glossary of Terms, Programs, and Laws, 2005 Edition" (PDF).
- "Federal Seed Act". Agricultural Marketing Service. U.S. Department of Agriculture.
- "Bureau of Plant Industry Bulletin - 1901-1913". HathiTrust Digital Library. Washington, D.C.: United States Department of Agriculture.
- "Inventory of Seeds and Plants Imported". HathiTrust Digital Library. Washington, D.C.: United States Department of Agriculture.
- Plant Disease Survey. "The Plant Disease Bulletin". HathiTrust Digital Library. Washington, D.C.: United States Department of Agriculture.
- Plant Disease Survey. "The Plant Disease Bulletin - Supplement". HathiTrust Digital Library. Beltsville, MD: United States Department of Agriculture.