Federal Technology Transfer Act of 1986

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Federal Technology Transfer Act of 1986
Great Seal of the United States
Long titleAn Act to amend the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980 to promote technology transfer by authorizing Government-operated laboratories to enter into cooperative research agreements and by establishing a Federal Laboratory Consortium for Technology Transfer within the National Science Foundation, and for other purposes.
Enacted bythe 99th United States Congress
EffectiveOctober 20, 1986
Public law99-502
Statutes at Large100 Stat. 1785
Titles amended15 U.S.C.: Commerce and Trade
U.S.C. sections amendedChapter 63 § 3701
Legislative history

The United States Federal Technology Transfer Act of 1986 (P.L. 99-502) was, after the Stevenson-Wydler Technology Innovation Act of 1980, the second major piece of legislation focused on technology transfer from federal government agencies to the commercial sector. The act established the Federal Laboratory Consortium and enabled federal laboratories to enter into Cooperative Research and Development Agreements (CRADAs) and to negotiate licenses for patented inventions made at the laboratory.[1]

Follow up legislation[edit]

The 'Small Business Technology Transfer Act of 1992' was enacted to increase opportunities for small businesses and non profit organizations to collaborate with federal research laboratories. Agencies with a more than $1 billion extramural research and development budget must reserve 0.3% of their extramural research budget for Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) awards.[2]

In parallel, in December 1992, the related 'Small Business Research and Development Enhancement Act' (P.L. 102-564) was passed to reauthorize the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program for joint ventures until September 30, 2000.[3] The 'Small Business Reauthorization Act of 2000' (P.L. 106-554) reauthorized the program until September 30, 2008. Numerous extensions passed with the most recent one extending the SBIR program through 2022. It is to "incentivize and enable startups and small business to undertake R&D with high technical risk and high commercial reward."[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Bill Summary & Status - 99th Congress (1985 - 1986) - H.R.3773 - THOMAS (Library of Congress)[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "The STTR program". SBIR/STTR.gov. Retrieved 24 April 2014.
  3. ^ a b "The SBIR program". SBIR/STTR.gov. Retrieved 24 April 2014.