Federal Territories of Malaysia
This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. (December 2020)
|Federal territories||Kuala Lumpur|
|Designated||Kuala Lumpur: 1 February 1974|
Labuan: 16 April 1984
Putrajaya: 1 February 2001
|Consolidated under the Ministry||27 March 2004|
|• Total||381.65 km2 (147.36 sq mi)|
|• Density||4,198.6/km2 (10,874/sq mi)|
|National postal code|
|Area code(s)||03a |
|Motto||Maju dan Sejahtera|
'Progressive and Prosperous'
|Anthem||Wilayah Persekutuan Maju dan Sejahtera|
|Administered by the||Ministry of the Federal Territories|
|License plate||Kuala Lumpur|
W and V
PUTRAJAYA and F
|a Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya |
The Federal Territories (Malay: Wilayah Persekutuan) in Malaysia comprise three territories—Kuala Lumpur, Labuan, and Putrajaya—governed directly by the Federal Government of Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur is the national capital of Malaysia, Putrajaya is the administrative capital, and Labuan is an offshore international financial centre. Kuala Lumpur and Putrajaya are enclaves in the state of Selangor, while Labuan is an island off the coast of Sabah.
The territories fall under the jurisdiction of the Ministry for the Federal Territories. Originally the Federal Territory Ministry was established in 1979 and was in charge of planning and administration of Kuala Lumpur and Klang Valley. In 1981, the FT Ministry has been re-established under the Prime Minister's Office which acts as the Planning Unit of Klang Valley. In 2004, FT Ministry is then again formed into a full-fledged ministry which focuses on the development of Kuala Lumpur, Labuan and Putrajaya.
Kuala Lumpur, the state capital of Selangor, became the national capital of the Federation of Malaya (and later Malaysia) in 1948. Since independence in 1957, the federal as well as the Selangor state ruling party had been the Alliance (later the Barisan Nasional). However, in the 1969 elections the Alliance, while retaining control of the federal government, lost its majority in Selangor to the opposition. The same election also resulted in a major race riot in Kuala Lumpur.
It was realised that if Kuala Lumpur remained part of Selangor, clashes between the federal and the Selangor state government might arise when they are controlled by different parties. The solution was to separate Kuala Lumpur from the state and place it under direct federal rule. On 1 February 1974, the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur Agreement was signed, and Kuala Lumpur became the first federal territory of Malaysia.
The cession of Kuala Lumpur had the effect of securing the Selangor state government for the Barisan Nasional until the 2008 general election. The separation of Kuala Lumpur meant that Kuala Lumpur voters lost representation in the Selangor State Legislative Assembly and could only vote for representation in the Parliament of Malaysia.
Putrajaya is a planned city, designed to replace Kuala Lumpur as the seat of the federal government. Sultan Salahuddin, who was serving as the Yang di-Pertuan Agong at that time, was asked again to cede land to the federal government. Putrajaya became the third federal territory on 1 February 2001.
In the recent years, efforts were made to forge a common identity for the three federal territories. A flag of Federal Territory was introduced to represent the federal territories as a whole. During the 2006 Sukma Games in Kedah, Kuala Lumpur, Labuan and Putrajaya merged into the unified contingent of Federal Territories.
Flag and anthem
The official anthem of the territories is "Maju dan Sejahtera", which means "Progress and Prosperity".
Apart from the flag of Federal Territories, each federal territory has its own flag.
Sport associations in the Federal Territories
Sport complexes in the Federal Territories
- Federal Territories Day
- Federal Territories Day
- Pesta Kaamatan
- Federal Territories Day
Federal Parliament Seats
List of Federal Territories representatives in the Federal Parliament (Dewan Rakyat)
|Parliament||Seat Name||Member of Parliament||Party||Area|
|P114||Kepong||Lim Lip Eng||Pakatan Harapan (DAP)||Kuala Lumpur|
|P115||Batu||P Prabakaran||Pakatan Harapan (PKR)|
|P116||Wangsa Maju||Tan Yee Kew||Pakatan Harapan (PKR)|
|P117||Segambut||Hannah Yeoh Tseow Suan||Pakatan Harapan (DAP)|
|P118||Setiawangsa||Nik Nazmi Nik Ahmad||Pakatan Harapan (PKR)|
|P119||Titiwangsa||Rina Mohd. Harun||Perikatan Nasional (PPBM)|
|P120||Bukit Bintang||Fong Kui Lun||Pakatan Harapan (DAP)|
|P121||Lembah Pantai||Ahmad Fahmi Mohamed Fadzil||Pakatan Harapan (PKR)|
|P122||Seputeh||Teresa Kok Suh Sim||Pakatan Harapan (DAP)|
|P123||Cheras||Tan Kok Wai||Pakatan Harapan (DAP)|
|P124||Bandar Tun Razak||Kamaruddin Jaffar||Perikatan Nasional (PPBM)|
|P125||Putrajaya||Tengku Adnan Tengku Mansor||Barisan Nasional (UMNO)||Putrajaya|
- "Kementerian Wilayah Persekutuan - Latar Belakang". web.archive.org. 16 July 2021. Retrieved 10 September 2021.
- Kaur, Dashveenjit (31 January 2019). "The journey of Putrajaya — Malaysia's jewel capital city". The Malaysian Reserve. Retrieved 12 December 2020.
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