Federal Triangle station

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Federal Triangle
WMATA Metro Logo.svg WMATA Blue.svg WMATA Orange.svg WMATA Silver.svg rapid transit station
Federal Triangle Station.jpg
Station platform in January 2004
Location302 12th Street, NW, Washington, D.C.
Owned byWashington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority
Platforms1 island platform
ConnectionsBus transport Metrobus: 16C, 30N, 30S, 32, 33, 36, 37, 39, 59, 63, 64, A9, S2, S4, X1
Bus transport DC Circulator
Bus transport MTA Maryland Commuter Bus
Bus transport OmniRide Commuter
Structure typeUnderground
Bicycle facilities20 racks
Disabled accessYes
Other information
Station codeD01
OpenedJuly 1, 1977; 42 years ago (July 1, 1977)
Passengers (2017)7,555 daily [1]Decrease 0.07%
Preceding station WMATA Metro Logo.svg Washington Metro Following station
Metro Center Blue Line Smithsonian
Metro Center Silver Line
Metro Center
toward Vienna
Orange Line Smithsonian

Federal Triangle is an island-platformed Washington Metro station in Downtown Washington, D.C., United States. The station was opened on July 1, 1977, and is operated by the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority (WMATA). Providing service for the Blue, Orange, and Silver Lines, the station's entrance is beneath the William Jefferson Clinton Federal Building.

Since March 23, 2020, this station has been closed until further notice due to the 2020 coronavirus pandemic.[2][3]


The station opened on July 1, 1977.[4] Its opening coincided with the completion of 11.8 miles (19.0 km)[5] of rail between National Airport and RFK Stadium and the opening of the Arlington Cemetery, Capitol South, Crystal City, Eastern Market, Farragut West, Federal Center SW, Foggy Bottom–GWU, L'Enfant Plaza, McPherson Square, National Airport, Pentagon, Pentagon City, Potomac Avenue, Rosslyn, Smithsonian, and Stadium–Armory stations.[6] Orange Line service to the station began upon the line's opening on November 20, 1978.[7] Silver Line service at Federal Triangle began on July 26, 2014.[8]

On January 13, 1982, an eastbound Metro train on the Orange Line derailed just east of the station resulting in three fatalities, the first fatalities in the system's history.[9]


The station serves an area of Washington crowded with federal buildings, on 12th Street between Pennsylvania Avenue NW and Constitution Avenue NW, including the triangular area formed by 15th Street, Constitution, and Pennsylvania known as Federal Triangle, from which the station takes its name. The triangle includes such federal buildings as the Robert F. Kennedy Department of Justice Building, the Herbert C. Hoover Building (Department of Commerce), and the buildings of the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency.

Station layout[edit]

Federal Triangle utilizes the simple island platform layout. There are two tracks: track D1 is used for trains bound for New Carrollton and Largo Town Center, and track D2 is used for trains going to Vienna, Wiehle–Weston East and Franconia–Springfield.[10] As with all stations on the Metro, there are platform edge lights to warn passengers of incoming trains. In 2008, WMATA installed red-colored LED lights at Federal Triangle and centrally-located stations after a successful pilot at Gallery Place-Chinatown.[11] There is a coffered barrel-vault ceiling at Federal Triangle, as is typical of other Washington Metro stations built at that time.

There is only one entrance to the platform level, located slightly south of the center of the platform.[12] Escalators from this mezzanine level lead to the plaza of the William Jefferson Clinton Federal Building. A flat square on the ceiling of the station denotes a possible second entrance to the station; this has yet to be used. Similar walls can be found at stations such as Archives–Navy Memorial–Penn Quarter.

G Street level Exit/entrance, buses
Upper mezzanine Escalator landing, Ronald Reagan Building access
M Mezzanine Fare gates, ticket machines, station agent
Platform level
Westbound WMATA Blue.svg toward Franconia–Springfield (Metro Center)
WMATA Silver.svg toward Wiehle–Reston East (Metro Center)
WMATA Orange.svg toward Vienna/Fairfax–GMU (Metro Center)
Island platform
Eastbound WMATA Blue.svg WMATA Silver.svg toward Largo Town Center (Smithsonian)
WMATA Orange.svg toward New Carrollton (Smithsonian)

Notable places nearby[edit]

12th Street NW pylon


  1. ^ "Metrorail Average Weekday Passenger Boardings" (PDF). WMATA. May 2017. Retrieved February 17, 2018.
  2. ^ "Special Covid-19 System Map" (PDF). Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. Retrieved May 24, 2020.
  3. ^ "Metrorail stations closed due to COVID-19 pandemic". Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. March 23, 2020. Retrieved May 24, 2020.
  4. ^ Feaver, Douglas B. (July 1, 1977), "Today, Metro could be U.S. model", The Washington Post, p. A1
  5. ^ "Sequence of Metrorail openings" (PDF). WMATA. 2017. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 2, 2018. Retrieved March 30, 2018.
  6. ^ "Metro's newest stations: Where they are, what's nearby", The Washington Post, June 24, 1977
  7. ^ Eisen, Jack; John Feinstein (November 18, 1978), "City-County fanfare opens Orange Line; Ceremonies open new Orange Line", The Washington Post, p. D1
  8. ^ Halsey, Ashley (July 26, 2014). "All aboard! Metro's new Silver Line rolls down the tracks for the first time". The Washington Post. Retrieved July 8, 2016.
  9. ^ Stephen J. Lynton (January 14, 1982). "Metro Train Derails; 3 Die".
  10. ^ "John R Cambron track maps". Archived from the original on September 2, 2014. Retrieved September 11, 2008.
  11. ^ "Metro installing more red platform edge lights" (Press release). WMATA. Retrieved March 30, 2018.
  12. ^ "Blue line". NYCSubway. Retrieved September 11, 2008.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°53′38″N 77°01′43″W / 38.893814°N 77.028515°W / 38.893814; -77.028515