Federalism in Nepal
Federalism refers to the division of a nation into various autonomous states so development empower local people ensure the place of minorities backward and group in the main stream of development and mak bring e state provided amenities equally accessibleto of federalism emerges in Nepal after the historic success of popular man movement The ac 73 due to the failure of regionalism to bring about desired changes. Lindr Geeralism a mation has dual government system ie. federal government at central level ernment at state level. The power is distributed between central and provincials. The federal government has the power to enlarge diplomatic territorial integrity run national level project, make national monetary policy and so on state government has the power to make federal laws maintain law and order in the state carry an day to day administration prioritize infrastructural development and so on. Nepal is a small mountainous country with geographical diversity It has ample resources the tum self into a paradise on the earth. However it is in the list of the least dev eloped nations, Realizing the fact that unitary system failed to bring substantial changes, the concept of federalism emerged and has been on the way to implementation with the declaration 2072 constitution and division of federal provinces. It is obvious the implementation of fe deralism has the mountain 0 of challenges ahead. Federalism is not a magic stick to bring about most a waited changes. We should not forget the fact that federalism can be very expensive to runi for hedding is the small country rade 10
In the aftermath of the 2007 People's Revolt II, the 240 years of monarchy was abolished in the 5th amendment of the Interim Constitution of Nepal, 2063. The amendment was the first document to mention Nepal officially as the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal. It envisioned federalism as a prominent feature for a new Nepal.
The Maoist party was the catalyst for bringing forth federalism and inclusion. Other major parties that supported the move include the Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist–Leninist) and the Nepali Congress, whereas the Rastriya Prajatantra Party, which was only able to enter the parliament under the Proportional Representation scheme, has come out in opposition to the prospect of federalism as well bringing back the monarchy and declaring Nepal as a Hindu nation.
Nepal had been practicing a unitary form of the government under the Shah rulers (Prithivi Narayan Shah). However this system was unable to support development of the country and was seen as an "exclusive" form of rule.
The power of the Provinces and the Federal government are defined by the constitution.
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