Federation Peak

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Federation Peak
Federation Peak.jpg
Federation Peak from the Eastern Arthur Range
Highest point
Elevation1,224 m (4,016 ft) [1]
Prominence600 m (2,000 ft) [1]
Coordinates43°16′17″S 146°28′32″E / 43.27139°S 146.47556°E / -43.27139; 146.47556[2]
Geography
Federation Peak is located in Tasmania
Federation Peak
Federation Peak
Location in Tasmania, Australia
LocationTasmania, Australia
Parent rangeArthur Range
Climbing
First ascentJohn Béchervaise, Bill Elliot, Fred Elliot and Allan Rogers - 27 January 1949

Federation Peak is a prominent mountain that is part of the Eastern Arthur Range, located in the Southwest National Park, in the south-west region of Tasmania, Australia. The peak, approximately 90 kilometres (56 mi) south-west from Hobart, was named after the Federation of Australia.

With an elevation of 1,224 metres (4,016 ft) above sea level,[1] the peak is often described as one of the hardest bushwalking challenges in Australia.

History[edit]

The first westerner to notice the peak was the surveyor James Sprent who was carrying out a trignometrical survey of Tasmania and who described it as "the Obelisk".[3] It became known as Sprent's Obelisk, however in 1901 it was officially named Federation Peak in honour of the Federation of Australia by Thomas Bather Moore while cutting a track from Hastings to Port Davey via Old River.

It took almost 50 years after the first western sighting for the summit to be reached, a testament to the harshness of southwest Tasmania. Challenges include thick horizontal scrub, ancient cool temperate rainforest, harsh terrain and unpredictable weather generated by the roaring forties.

After several unsuccessful attempts by various groups in the late 1940s, a party from the Geelong College Exploration Society led by John Béchervaise summited on the 27 January 1949.[3]

The exposed and technical nature of the usual route that is usually climbed unroped has resulted in a number of fatalities; most recently on 23 March 2016 when a bushwalker fell to her death.[4]

Climate[edit]

The highest elevations of the mountain experience alpine conditions with most of the weather patterns determined by the wind. The mountain receives large amounts of snow in autumn, winter and early spring. Unseasonal snowfalls can be seen in summer though many of them don't settle.

Climbing routes[edit]

The Direct Ascent of Federation Peak, Lake Geeves is in the background

There are a number of graded rockclimbing routes to the summit, most notably Blade Ridge (grade 18), which is a steep knife edge ridge rising out of the cool temperate forest at the foot of the mountain. The ridge joins the main face of the peak a few hundred metres beneath the summit. The climb from the end of the ridge is then up an exposed but well protected face to the summit, some 600 metres (2,000 ft) above the valley floor. Blade Ridge was first successfully used as a route up Federation Peak in February 1968, by Peter Heddles, Rod Harris, David Neilson and Jack Woods[5]

Most bushwalkers with minimal or no climbing gear take the exposed 'Direct Ascent' scramble from the Southern Traverse of the peak above a drop of 600 metres (2,000 ft) into Lake Geeves (approx grade 5).

Access to the base of the peak is generally from Geeveston via Farmhouse Creek and Moss Ridge or Scotts Peak via the Eastern Arthurs. The first route is the shorter of two - generally three days to the peak. The Eastern Arthurs via Scotts Peak Dam takes at least 7 days finishing at Farmhouse Creek; up to 10 days with bad weather.

Winter Ascents[edit]

The first ascent under true winter conditions was made by Faye Kerr and Max Cutcliffe in September 1954, while a Tasmanian group led by Kevin Doran climbed the Mountain in atrocious conditions over two weeks in August 1978, a trip which cost Kevin a toe from cold injuries.[6]

The first, and only, winter ascent of Blade Ridge (a steep sharp ridge on the northern face) was made in 2016 via by a team led by Andy Szollosi. Their journey is featured in the documentary Winter on the Blade.[7]

Images[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Federation Peak, Australia". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
  2. ^ "Place names search:Federation Peak". Geoscience Australia. Retrieved 2007-03-25.
  3. ^ a b Doran, Kevin (2004). Federation: Australia's Adventure Peak. Desdichado. pp. 14–16. ISBN 0-9586935-1-X.
  4. ^ "Body of bushwalker who died in fall from Tasmania's Federation Peak recovered". Online News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2016-03-24. Retrieved 2016-05-09.
  5. ^ "Federation Peak". TheSarvo. Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  6. ^ http://www.thesarvo.com/confluence/display/thesarvo/Federation+Peak
  7. ^ David Robertson. "Federation Peak: First ascent of Australia's 'only real mountain' in winter via Blade Ridge". ABC News. Retrieved February 26, 2018.

http://www.thesarvo.com/confluence/display/thesarvo/Federation+Peak

External links[edit]