Federation of South Arabia

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Federation of South Arabia
اتحاد الجنوب العربي (FSA)
Flag of South Arabia
Emblem of South Arabia
Federation of South Arabia in its region.svg
StatusBritish protectorate
Common languagesArabic
South Arabian
GovernmentFederal monarchy
High Commissioner 
• 1963
Sir Charles Johnston
• 1963–1964
Sir Kennedy Trevaskis
• 1964–1967
Sir Richard Turnbull
• 1967
Sir Humphrey Trevelyan
Chief Minister 
• 1963
Hassan Ali Bayumi
• 1963–1965
Zayn Abdu Baharun
• 1965
Abdul-Qawi Hassan Makkawi
• 1965–1966
Ali Musa al-Babakr
• 1966–1967
Salih al-Awadli
Historical eraCold War
• Established
4 April 1962
• Independence
30 November 1967
CurrencySouth Arabian dinar
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Colony of Aden
Federation of Arab Emirates of the South
Upper Aulaqi Sultanate
South Yemen
Map of the Federation and the Protectorate of South Arabia.
Military event held in the Fadhli Sultanate to celebrate the new Federation

The Federation of South Arabia (Arabic: اتحاد الجنوب العربي Ittiḥād al-Janūb al-‘Arabī) was a federal state under British protection in what would become South Yemen. Its capital was Aden.[1]

It was formed on 4 April 1962 from the 15 protected states of the Federation of Arab Emirates of the South. The State of Aden, formerly Aden Colony, joined the Federation on 18 January 1963. In June 1964, the Upper Aulaqi Sultanate was added for a total of 17 states. A team was sent to the 1966 Commonwealth Games in Kingston, Jamaica. The Federation was abolished on 30 November 1967, when its status as a British protectorate came to an end, along with that of the Protectorate of South Arabia, and they became the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen.



Chief Ministers[edit]

High Commissioners[edit]

Postage stamps[edit]

Two values of the 1965 definitives used at Aden

The Federation issued its own Adeni postage stamps from 1963 to 1966. Most of its issues were part of the omnibus issues common to all the Commonwealth territories, but it did issue its own definitive stamps on 1 April 1965. The set of 14 included 10 values, from 5 to 75 fils, each depicting the arms of the Federation in a single color, while the top four values (100 fils, 250 fils, 500 fils, and 1 dinar), featured the flag of the Federation.

The stamps referred to above are those listed in the Scott Standard Postage Stamp Catalog. A number of other stamps have also been issued and are listed in Stanley Gibbons and other widely used stamp catalogs. It is possible, or even likely, that some of the stamps of South Arabia were not issued primarily for postal use.

See also[edit]


Further reading[edit]

  • Paul Dresch. A History of Modern Yemen. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000.
  • R.J. Gavin. Aden Under British Rule: 1839-1967. London: C. Hurst & Company, 1975.
  • Tom Little. South Arabia: Arena of Conflict. London: Pall Mall Press, 1968.

External links[edit]

Media related to Federation of South Arabia at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 15°19′48″N 48°04′34″E / 15.330°N 48.076°E / 15.330; 48.076