|Date of birth||11 February 1983|
|Place of birth||Brescia, Italy|
|Height||1.90 m (6 ft 3 in)|
|2002–2003||→ Cosenza (loan)||16||(0)|
|2008–2009||→ Rimini (loan)||19||(0)|
|2014||→ Cesena (loan)||5||(0)|
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only and correct as of 1 September 2015.
Agliardi grew up in his native city's team, Brescia Calcio, and made his professional debut with Cosenza of Serie B on 2002–03. He debuted in Serie A on 8 November 2003 with Brescia in a league match against Bologna.
Agliardi signed for Palermo in January 2006, in a swap deal with Nicola Santoni (50% registration rights), and quickly became a first team regular. In the deal Agliardi was valued €4 million and half of Santoni's rights was valued €1 million He also plays for the Italy U-21 national team.
On 17 September 2006, Agliardi and teammate David Di Michele combined to lift the Rosanero to a 2–1 victory over Lazio in Rome. In the latter stages of the first half, Agliardi denied efforts from Cristian Ledesma, Stefano Mauri (twice), Christian Manfredini, Goran Pandev (a rebound attempt from Manfredini's shot, Agliardi deflected the ball past his left-hand post with his foot), and Massimo Oddo. Earlier, Di Michele's 10th- and 38th-minute goals had put Palermo ahead. Lazio did get a consolation goal through Tommaso Rocchi in the 73rd minute. The result elevated Palermo to second place in Serie A, behind Lazio's city rivals and stadium-mates Roma on goal difference, with a 100% record. This performance was followed by a number of less notable ones, including a criticised appearance in a 5–3 Palermo win in a Sicilian derby to Catania, and Agliardi ultimately became a back-up player at Palermo, behind veteran goalkeeper Alberto Fontana, who served as main goalkeeper also in the following 2007–08 season.
Following the acquisition of Italian international Marco Amelia from Livorno, Agliardi's hopes of playing as a regular became even slimmer. Consequently, on July 2008 Palermo finalized a loan move to Serie B side Rimini for the Brescia-born goalkeeper.
On 14 July 2011, Agliardi joined Serie A side Bologna along with Josè Angel Crespo and Daniele Vantaggiato. The club had lost Emiliano Viviano as first choice before the start of season. However Agliardi failed to challenge Jean-François Gillet for the starting place, which the Belgian internationals played most of the game. After Gillet left the team for Torino in July 2012, he became Bologna's first-choice goalkeeper, making 22 appearances during the 2012–13 season. However, he returned to his backup role behind on loan goalkeeper Gianluca Curci since the beginning of the second half. Having made no appearances until the first part of the following season, Agliardi signed a loan deal with Serie B side Cesena on 31 January 2014.
On 30 June 2014 Agliardi joined Cesena in definitive deal after a successful loan, with Luca Ceccarelli moved to opposite direction. Agliardi signed a 3-year contract.
- "Federico Agliardi – Rimini – Campionato di Serie B" (in Italian). La Gazzetta dello Sport. Retrieved 5 February 2009.
- US Città di Palermo Report and Accounts on 30 June 2007 (Italian)
- US Città di Palermo Report and Accounts on 30 June 2006 (Italian)
- "Serie A – Lazio v Palermo Report". ESPNsoccernet. 17 September 2006. Archived from the original on 25 May 2011. Retrieved 19 September 2006.
- "Agliardi ceduto in prestito al Rimini" (in Italian). US Città di Palermo. 24 July 2008. Retrieved 24 July 2008.
- "Il portiere Agliardi a titolo definitivo al Palermo" (in Italian). Calcio Padova. 17 July 2009. Archived from the original on 27 July 2009. Retrieved 17 July 2009.
- US Città di Palermo Report and Accounts on 30 June 2009 (Italian)
- "Ufficiali Agliardi, Crespo e Vantaggiato" (in Italian). Bologna FC. 14 July 2011. Retrieved 31 July 2011.
- "Agliardi al Cesena" (in Italian). Bologna FC. 31 January 2014. Retrieved 3 February 2014.