Federmesser culture

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The Mesolithic
Upper Paleolithic
Mesolithic Europe
Fosna–Hensbacka culture
Komsa culture
Maglemosian culture
Lepenski Vir culture
Kunda culture
Narva culture
Komornica culture
Swiderian culture
Epipaleolithic Transylvania
Mesolithic Transylvania
Schela Cladovei culture
Mesolithic Southeastern Europe
Epipaleolithic (Levant)
Levantine corridor
Zarzian culture

Federmesser group is an archaeological umbrella term including the late Upper Paleolithic to Mesolithic cultures of the Northern European Plain, dating to between 14,000 and 12,800 years ago (the late Magdalenian).[1] It is closely related to the Tjongerian culture, as both have been suggested[2] It includes the Tjongerian, , Tarnowian and Witowian cultures, spanning the area of Belgium, the Netherlands, northern France, northern Germany and Poland. It is closely related to the adjacient Bromme culture to the north, the Creswellian to the west, and the Azilian to the south. The name is derived from the characteristic small backed flint blades, in German termed Federmesser ("quill knife"). It is succeeded by the Ahrensburg culture after 12,800 BP.

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  1. ^ Pettit, Paul; White, Mark (2012). The British Palaeolithic: Human Societies at the Edge of the Pleistocene World. Abingdon, UK: Routledge. pp. 479–80. ISBN 978-0-415-67455-3. 
  2. ^ J.-G. Rozoy, trans. L.G. Strauss, "The (Re-)Population of Northern France between 13,000 and 8000 BP", Quaternary International, Vol. 49j/50 (1998), 69–86, 1998. Archived 2012-08-04 at Archive.is