Federmesser culture

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An arrow head from the Federmesser culture
The Paleolithic
Pliocene (before Homo)
Lower Paleolithic
(c. 3.3 Ma – 300 ka)
Middle Paleolithic
(300–45 ka)
Upper Paleolithic
(50–10 ka)
Stone Age

The Federmesser culture or Federmesser group was a tool-making tradition of the late Upper Palaeolithic era, of the Northern European Plain from Poland (where the culture is called Tarnowian and Witowian) to northern France and Britain, dating to between 14,000 and 12,800 years ago.[1] It is closely related to the Tjongerian culture, as both have been suggested[2] as being part of the more generalized Azilian culture.

It used small backed flint blades, from which its name derives (Federmesser is German for "penknife," referring to goose quill feathers), and shares characteristics with the Creswellian culture in Britain.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Pettit, Paul; White, Mark (2012). The British Palaeolithic: Human Societies at the Edge of the Pleistocene World. Abingdon, UK: Routledge. pp. 479–80. ISBN 978-0-415-67455-3. 
  2. ^ J.-G. Rozoy, "THE (RE-) POPULATION OF NORTHERN FRANCE BETWEEN 13,000 AND 8000 BP" Archived 2012-08-04 at Archive.is