Feilding

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Feilding
Town
Manchester Square
Manchester Square
Nickname(s): 
'Friendly' Feilding
Coordinates: 40°13′S 175°34′E / 40.217°S 175.567°E / -40.217; 175.567Coordinates: 40°13′S 175°34′E / 40.217°S 175.567°E / -40.217; 175.567
CountryNew Zealand
RegionManawatū-Whanganui region
Territorial authorityManawatu District
WardFeilding
Named forColonel William Henry Adelbert Feilding
ElectorateRangitīkei
Government
 • MPIan McKelvie (National)
 • MayorHelen Worboys
Area
 • Total23.65 km2 (9.13 sq mi)
Elevation70 m (230 ft)
Population
 (June 2021)[3]
 • Total17,350
 • Density730/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+12 (NZST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+13 (NZDT)
Postcode
4702
Telephone06
Websitewww.feilding.co.nz

Feilding (Māori: Aorangi) is a town in the Manawatū District of the North Island of New Zealand. It is located on State Highway 54, 20 kilometres north of Palmerston North. The town is the seat of the Manawatū District Council.

Feilding has won the annual New Zealand's Most Beautiful Town award 15 times.[4] It is an Edwardian-themed town, with the district plan encouraging buildings in the CBD to be built in that style. The town is currently extending its CBD beautification featuring paving and planter boxes on the footpaths on the main streets in the CBD, including the realignment and beautification of Fergusson Street to the South Street entrance of Manfeild Park.[citation needed]

The town is a service town for the surrounding farming district. The Feilding Saleyards has been a vital part of the wider Manawatū community for over 125 years. As transport systems improved and farming practices changed, the need for small, local saleyards all but disappeared, leaving few major selling complexes in New Zealand. Manawatū is a diverse and fertile farming area with high production, high stock-carrying capacity, and a stable climate. These factors make Feilding Saleyards a popular medium for many farmers. A unique aspect of Feilding Saleyards is their location in the centre of town.[5]

The Manawatū Plains, on which the town is sited, are very fertile land, and as such it is a prosperous agricultural area. Being located on the floodplain of a major river has its problems, however, and in February 2004 the town suffered extensive flooding. In 2009 the Horizons Regional Council commissioned a new flood protection scheme to prevent extensive flooding in the future.[6]

Feilding Hotel
Feilding Clocktower
A reminder to keep Feilding's tidy and attractive image

History[edit]

European settlement[edit]

The town was named after Colonel William H. A. Feilding, a director of the Emigrants and Colonists Aid Corporation Ltd. who negotiated the purchase of a 100,000 acre (400 km²) block of land from the Wellington provincial government in 1871. The first European settlers arrived from Great Britain on 22 January 1874. [7]

The Feilding Edwardian Project Inc. was established in September 1993 by local businesses with the aim of revitalising the central business area of Feilding. Many of the commercial buildings were built in the 1900s (Edwardian era) and have been restored and preserved over time. Feilding is home to a number of historic collections, buildings, monuments, and museums, including The Coach House Museum, St Johns Church, Feilding Club, Feilding Hotel, and Feilding & Districts Steam Rail Society.[8]

Marae[edit]

Feilding has two marae, connected to the Iwi of Ngāti Kauwhata: Aorangi Marae and its Maniaihu meeting house; and Kauwhata Marae or Kai Iwi Pā and its Kauwhata meeting house.[9][10]

In October 2020, the Government committed $1,248,067 from the Provincial Growth Fund to upgrade Kauwhata Marae and 5 others, creating 69 jobs.[11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
200613,572—    
201314,388+0.84%
201815,912+2.03%
Source: [12]

Feilding is defined by Statistics New Zealand as a medium urban area and covers 23.65 km2 (9.13 sq mi).[1] The boundary of the urban area differs slightly from the aggregate of statistical units listed below.

Feilding had a population of 15,912 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 1,524 people (10.6%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 2,340 people (17.2%) since the 2006 census. There were 6,003 households. There were 7,665 males and 8,247 females, giving a sex ratio of 0.93 males per female, with 3,234 people (20.3%) aged under 15 years, 2,805 (17.6%) aged 15 to 29, 6,531 (41.0%) aged 30 to 64, and 3,345 (21.0%) aged 65 or older.

Ethnicities were 87.0% European/Pākehā, 19.4% Māori, 2.5% Pacific peoples, 3.2% Asian, and 1.7% other ethnicities (totals add to more than 100% since people could identify with multiple ethnicities).

The proportion of people born overseas was 11.0%, compared with 27.1% nationally.

Although some people objected to giving their religion, 50.9% had no religion, 36.4% were Christian, 0.5% were Hindu, 0.3% were Muslim, 0.4% were Buddhist and 3.1% had other religions.

Of those at least 15 years old, 1,626 (12.8%) people had a bachelor or higher degree, and 3,294 (26.0%) people had no formal qualifications. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 5,970 (47.1%) people were employed full-time, 1,653 (13.0%) were part-time, and 429 (3.4%) were unemployed.[12]

Individual statistical areas in Feilding (2018 census)[13]
SA2 name Population Dwellings Median age Median income
Feilding Central 939 381 41.2 years $23,900
Kimbolton North 3,024 1,182 44.4 years $28,200
Kimbolton South 2,121 840 38.5 years $31,400
Kimbolton West 2,559 1,032 40.7 years $24,900
Makino 3,045 1,104 32.9 years $29,900
Mount Taylor 564 186 36.5 years $45,200
Sandon 2,169 909 45.7 years $33,500
Warwick 1,491 729 50.4 years $26,500

Economy[edit]

Employing about 30 people with a payroll of $1.5m in 2015, Proliant, an Iowa based firm privately held by the father and son team of Wally and Nix Lauridsen, constructed a $24m factory on the outskirts of Feilding for the production of a byproduct from cattle blood plasma, bovine serum albumin (BSA), which is used in pharmaceuticals, vaccines and medical research. Proliant produces about half of the world's BSA.[14][15][16][17]

In the Manawatu District of the people aged 15 years or over:

  • 40% earn $20,000 or less (NZ 38.8%)
  • 14% earn more than $50,000 (NZ 16.2%)
  • the unemployment rate is 3.8% (NZ 7.3%)
  • 73.4% of permanent private dwellings are owned with or without a mortgage by the occupant(s) (NZ 66.9%)[18]
    Cheltenham Co-Operative Dairy Factory, Makino, Feilding

Features[edit]

    • One of New Zealand's main motor racing circuits, Manfeild, is located at the southern edge of the town
    • There is an active light aircraft airfield at the eastern edge of the town
    • The depot of the Feilding and District Steam Rail Society is located in the town and it runs railway excursions from this base.
    • Feilding's stock saleyards were once one of the largest in the southern hemisphere and are right in the central business area.[19]
    • The Coach House Museum
    • Focal Point Cinema Feilding
    • There are no traffic lights and no parking meters

Education[edit]

Secondary schools[edit]

Primary and intermediate schools[edit]

  • Feilding Intermediate School is a state, coeducational intermediate (years 7–8) school with a roll of 361. It was established in 1964.[20]
  • Lytton Street School is a state, coeducational contributing primary (years 1–6) school with a roll of 523.[21] It was established in 1901.[22] In 1937 Makino Road school closed and its 50 pupils were bussed to Lytton Street.[23] Makino had been established in 1886[24] and its building was moved to Bluff Road, Rangiwahia.[25]
  • Manchester Street School is a state, coeducational contributing primary (years 1–6) school with a roll of 364.[26] It was established in 1874.[27]
  • North Street School is a state, coeducational full primary (years 1–8) school with a roll of 348.[28]
  • St Joseph's School is an integrated coeducational full primary (years 1–8) school with a roll of 89.[29]
  • Taonui School, located south-east of the Feilding township, is a state, coeducational full primary (years 1–8) school with a roll of 118.[30]

Sport and recreation[edit]

Sporting facilities include:

The Feilding Marathon started in 1955 and has been held every year since, making it one of the longest continuously run events.[31] It was organised for many years by the Feilding Marathon Club and more lately by the Feilding Moa Harriers Club. The event is held in November and now incorporates the Roy Lamberton Memorial half-marathon event.

Notable personalities[edit]

Famous people from Feilding include:

Groups

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "ArcGIS Web Application". statsnz.maps.arcgis.com. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  2. ^ New Zealand Topo50 map BM34: [www.linz.govt.nz]
  3. ^ "Population estimate tables - NZ.Stat". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  4. ^ Kilmister, Sam (18 October 2017). "Feilding wins most beautiful town for a 15th time". Manawatu Standard.
  5. ^ "Feilding Saleyards 125 Years of Success 1880–2005" (June 2005) Adapted by Foreword authored by Ian McKelvie.
  6. ^ "Flood protection scheme opens". infonews.co.nz. New Zealand. 25 March 2000. Archived from the original on 28 June 2011. Retrieved 9 January 2012.
  7. ^ "History". Retrieved 29 December 2021.
  8. ^ "Feilding & Districts Steam Rail Society". Retrieved 30 June 2016.
  9. ^ "Te Kāhui Māngai directory". tkm.govt.nz. Te Puni Kōkiri.
  10. ^ "Māori Maps". maorimaps.com. Te Potiki National Trust.
  11. ^ "Marae Announcements" (Excel). growregions.govt.nz. Provincial Growth Fund. 9 October 2020.
  12. ^ a b "Statistical area 1 dataset for 2018 Census". Statistics New Zealand. March 2020. Mount Taylor (227700), Makino (227900), Sandon (228000), Kimbolton North (228100), Warwick (228200), Kimbolton West (228300), Feilding Central (228400) and Kimbolton South (228500).
  13. ^ "2018 Census place summaries | Stats NZ". www.stats.govt.nz. Retrieved 14 December 2020.
  14. ^ Galuszka, Jono (10 May 2013). "US biofirm to build factory near Feilding". stuff.co.nz. Retrieved 1 February 2015.
  15. ^ Proliant Inc. website
  16. ^ Proliant Biologicals website
  17. ^ "Proliant Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) New Zealand Source". Retrieved 1 February 2015.
  18. ^ "Live – Feilding". www.feilding.co.nz. Retrieved 4 January 2016.
  19. ^ "Feilding Saleyards Guided Tours". Retrieved 10 April 2014.
  20. ^ Education Counts: Feilding Intermediate
  21. ^ Education Counts: Lytton Street school
  22. ^ "ABOUT". Lytton Street School. Retrieved 23 November 2020.
  23. ^ "MAKINO ROAD SCHOOL. MANAWATU STANDARD". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 4 September 1937. Retrieved 14 February 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  24. ^ "Makino". nzetc.victoria.ac.nz. Retrieved 14 February 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  25. ^ "Primary Education MANAWATU TIMES". paperspast.natlib.govt.nz. 19 July 1944. Retrieved 14 February 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  26. ^ Education Counts: Manchester Street school
  27. ^ "History | Manchester Street School". www.manchesterstreet.school.nz. Retrieved 23 November 2020.
  28. ^ Education Counts: North Street school
  29. ^ Education Counts: St Josephs (Feilding)
  30. ^ Education Counts: Taonui School
  31. ^ "Marathon Results | Feilding Moa".

External links[edit]