Feinberg School of Medicine

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Northwestern University
Feinberg School of Medicine
Type Private
Established 1859
Parent institution
Northwestern University
Endowment US$1.8 Billion[1]
Dean Eric G. Neilson[2]
Academic staff
3,400[3]
Students 3,222 Total[4]
638 MD
417 PhD Students
Other students
462 Post-Doctoral Fellows
1,135 Residents and Fellows
Location Chicago, Illinois, USA
41°53′47″N 87°37′09″W / 41.8963°N 87.6193°W / 41.8963; -87.6193Coordinates: 41°53′47″N 87°37′09″W / 41.8963°N 87.6193°W / 41.8963; -87.6193
Campus Urban
Website www.feinberg.northwestern.edu

The Feinberg School of Medicine, located in the Streeterville neighborhood of Chicago, in the U.S. state of Illinois and situated near Lake Michigan and the Magnificent Mile, is one of Northwestern University's 12 schools and colleges. The medical school offers a full-time Doctor of Medicine degree program, multiple joint degree programs, graduate medical education, and continuing medical education.

The mission of the Feinberg School of Medicine is to educate the next generation of physicians and scientists. It is a research-intensive institution, ranked 17th among American medical schools for research by U.S. News & World Report in 2016.[5] It also is committed to patient care and community service.[6] Through its clinical affiliates on the Streeterville campus, Northwestern Memorial Hospital, the Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago and the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, Feinberg faculty provide patient care to tens of thousands of individuals every year. Feinberg and its clinical partners are together a $5 billion academic medical enterprise[7][8] The school employs 3,400 faculty members.[9]

History[edit]

Originally founded as the medical department of Lind University on October 11, 1859[10] and renamed the Chicago Medical College in 1863, the school affiliated with Northwestern University in 1870. In 1906, the name was changed to Northwestern University Medical School.[11] It had occupied buildings on the near south side of Chicago from 1863[12] until the Montgomery Ward Memorial Building was constructed in Streeterville in 1926.[13]

Northwestern University Medical School was renamed the Feinberg School of Medicine in 2002, reflecting a $75 million donation from the Joseph and Bessie Feinberg Foundation. Reuben Feinberg started to donate to the university after being hospitalized at Northwestern Memorial Hospital for a heart attack. The first donation, in 1988, was for $17 million to establish the Feinberg Cardiovascular Research Institute. A $10 million donation was subsequently sent in 1996 to establish the Frances Evelyn Feinberg Clinical Neurosciences Institute.

The Montgomery Ward Memorial building at the Feinberg School of Medicine

Northwestern was also affiliated with a medical school for women. The Woman's Hospital Medical College was established in 1870, and later changed its name to the Woman's Medical College of Chicago. It became affiliated with Northwestern University in 1892 as Northwestern University Woman's Medical School.[14] ] The Women’s Medical College closed in 1902.[15]

On September 1, 2013, Northwestern Medical Faculty Foundation, the medical school's physician's group, joined Northwestern Memorial HealthCare (NMHC), the health system that includes Northwestern Memorial Hospital, forming a new physician's group called Northwestern Medical Group. Together, NMHC and Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine operate jointly under the brand "Northwestern Medicine." [16][17]

Education[edit]

The Feinberg School of Medicine is part of the McGaw Medical Center of Northwestern University, one of the nation's leading academic medical centers focused on research, education and clinical services. Other McGaw members include:

Feinberg medical students and McGaw residents receive their clinical training at these hospitals, where nearly all the attending staff members have faculty appointments at the Feinberg School of Medicine. Residents may also train at affiliates such as John H. Stroger Jr Hospital of Cook County, Northwestern Medicine Lake Forest Hospital, Norwegian American Hospital, the Erie Family Health Center, MacNeal Hospital and Methodist Hospital in Gary, Indiana.

The medical school's primary teaching hospital is Northwestern Memorial Hospital, a 2,200,000-square-foot (200,000 m2) modern hospital that was completed in 1999. In the 2015-2016 US News and World Report list of "Honor Roll" Hospitals, listing the top 17 medical centers in the United States, Northwestern Memorial Hospital was ranked 11th, and first in Illinois.[18]

The Feinberg School of Medicine is home to 638 medical students. The class of students graduating in 2016 are the 157th graduating class. For the 2015 entering class, 7,727 people applied and 630 were interviewed for 164 seats. The median undergraduate GPA and MCAT score for successful applicants are 3.88 and 36, respectively.[19]

Curriculum and degrees[edit]

In fall 2012, Feinberg's entering medical students began a new curriculum, organized into three phases and emphasizing integration of four main curricular elements: science in medicine, clinical medicine, health & society, and professional development. The goal of the renewal process is to build a more learner-centered educational program that (1) fully integrates scientific principles in a clinical context; (2) stimulates inquiry and investigation; (3) has an assessment system that comprehensively evaluates student achievement in each of the core competencies; (4) reinforces a culture of learning, teamwork, and excellence; (5) is flexible and able to meet the unique needs of individual students as they learn and differentiate.[20]

For medical students, the school offers four-year dual degree programs, which combine the Doctor of Medicine (MD) degree with a Master of Public Health (MPH), a Master of Arts in Medical Humanities and Bioethics, or a Master of Science in Healthcare Quality and Patient Safety (MS). Students electing to pursue the additional degrees enroll in evening classes and graduate with both degrees. Two MD/PhD programs are offered, one in combination with Northwestern University's Graduate School (Medical Scientist Training Program) and one with the University's Institute for Neuroscience.

The school also offers graduate degree programs, some in combination with other Northwestern University professional schools:

  • Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in basic science programs such as Biological Sciences and Clinical Psychology, and public health programs such as Health and Biomedical Informatics, Health Services and Outcomes Research, Epidemiology, and Translational Outcomes Science
  • Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT)
  • Master of Medical Science (MMSc) in Physician Assistant Studies
  • Master of Public Health (MPH)
  • Master of Science (MS) in programs such as Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Clinical Investigation, Genetic Counseling, Regulatory Compliance, or Healthcare Quality and Patient Safety
  • Master of Medical Informatics (MMI)
  • Master of Prosthetics and Orthotics (MPO)

Additionally, the school offers a BS/MD degree through the Honors Program in Medical Education (HPME), a seven-year combined undergraduate and medical school program.

Research[edit]

According to public financial data for Feinberg, support for competitive research grants from all external sources totaled $402.7 million in academic year 2014-2015.[21] In 2015, Feinberg ranked 18th for NIH funding among American medical schools.[22] The medical school houses more than 30 Core Facilities, including a Bioinformatics Consulting Core, Genomics Core and Human Embryonic and Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell Core.[23]

Faculty in the Research program at Feinberg study and mentor in a range of areas, including cancer biology, cell biology, chemical biology, drug discovery, developmental biology, evolutionary biology, genetics, genomics, medical biology, immunology, microbial pathogenesis, neurobiology, pharmacology, structural biology, biochemistry, epidemiology, behavioral sciences, preventive medicine, epidemiology, health outcomes, quality improvement, and translational sciences.

Robert Furchgott, a graduate of the class of 1940, received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1998 for his discovery of the role of nitric oxide as a signaling molecule.[24]

Rankings[edit]

In 2016, Feinberg was ranked 17th among American medical research and primary care schools by U.S. News & World Report.[25] The school is ranked 18th in the National Institutes of Health funding rankings among all American Medical Schools.[26]

The school's major affiliated teaching hospitals rank in US News and World Report's Best Hospitals 2016-2017 as follows:[27]

  • Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago, ranked 1st in the nation for physical medicine and rehabilitation hospitals
  • Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, ranked 6th in the nation for children's hospitals
  • Northwestern Memorial Hospital, ranked 8th in the nation of America's Best Hospitals

Recent growth[edit]

Research space has grown 88 percent and education space 67 percent since 2000. The medical school's endowment topped $1 billion in 2005.[28] In 2013, Northwestern announced an additional $1 billion investment in creating a leading medical research enterprise. This includes the construction of a new state-of-the-art research building on the site of the former Prentice Women’s Hospital, 320 E. Huron St. The new building will be connected to the existing Robert H. Lurie Medical Research Center. Northwestern’s plans include 300,000 to 500,000 square feet of research space with eventual build-out of approximately 1.2 million square feet. Additionally, more than 250,000 square feet of space in existing campus buildings will be converted to new laboratory space.[29]

Notable alumni[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ "Welcome from the Dean : Feinberg School of Medicine: Feinberg School of Medicine: Northwestern University". Feinberg.northwestern.edu. Retrieved 2016-04-29. 
  3. ^ "Faculty Overview". Northwestern University. Retrieved 16 December 2014. 
  4. ^ "Our StudentsFeinberg School of Medicine: Feinberg School of Medicine: Northwestern University". Feinberg.northwestern.edu. Retrieved 2016-04-29. 
  5. ^ "Best Medical Schools | Research Rankings | Top Medical Schools for Research | US News Best Graduate Schools". Grad-schools.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com. Retrieved 2016-04-29. 
  6. ^ "Then & Now". 2008 Annual Report. Northwestern University. Retrieved 1 December 2011. 
  7. ^ "Revenues and Expenditures: Market Value of Endowments by Type". Year: 2012. AAMC. Retrieved 4 October 2013. 
  8. ^ Herman, Bob (July 18, 2016). "Suburban expansion fuels Northwestern Memorial's finances". Crain's Chicago Business. Crain's. Retrieved 20 July 2016. 
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  13. ^ Arey, Leslie B. (1979). Northwestern University Medical School, 1859-1979 (PDF). Evanston, IL: Northwestern University. p. 223. 
  14. ^ Smith, Avis; Marie J. Mergler; et al. (1896). Eliza H. Root; H. G. Cutler, eds. Woman's Medical School, Northwestern University: (Woman's Medical College of Chicago): the institution and its founders: class histories, 1870-1896. Chicago: H.G. Cutler. 
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  22. ^ "NIH Reporter". NIH Reporter. National Institutes of Health. Retrieved 15 April 2016. 
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  24. ^ Rabelink AJ (December 1998). "Nobelprijs Geneeskunde en Fysiologie 1998 vanwege de betekenis van stikstofmonoxide als signaalmolecuul" [Nobel prize in Medicine and Physiology 1998 for the discovery of the role of nitric oxide as a signalling molecule]. Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde (in Dutch). 142 (52): 2828–30. PMID 10065255. INIST:9912174. 
  25. ^ "Best Medical Schools | Research Rankings | Top Medical Schools for Research | US News Best Graduate Schools". Grad-schools.usnews.rankingsandreviews.com. Retrieved 2016-04-29. 
  26. ^ Roskoski, Jr., Robert. "Ranking Tables of NIH Funding to US Medical Schools in 2006-2015". Blue Ridge Institute for Medical Research. Blue Ridge Institute for Medical Research. Retrieved 15 April 2016. 
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  28. ^ "Revenues and Expenditures: Market Value of Endowments by Type Comparison Group: All Schools, All Regions; Year 2012". Revenues and Expenditures: Market Value of Endowments by Type. AAMC. Retrieved 1 October 2013. 
  29. ^ "Northwestern Medicine Plans $1B Research Investment: Northwestern University News". Northwestern.edu. 2013-01-14. Retrieved 2016-04-29. 
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  32. ^ "Portrait of Franklin H. Martin, MD, FACS (1857-1935)". Facs.org. 2005-05-01. Retrieved 2016-04-29. 
  33. ^ Wiedemann HR (March 1993). "The pioneers of pediatric medicine. Isaac Arthur Abt (1867-1955)". European Journal of Pediatrics. 152 (3): 177. doi:10.1007/BF01956138. PMID 8444239. 
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External links[edit]