Feiyue

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Feiyue
飞跃
Feiyue shoes logo.png
Product typefootwear
OwnerDaFu Rubber Company
(China)[1]
Feiyue International
(Worldwide)
Produced byDaFu Rubber Company (Shanghai) [1]
CountryChina
Introduced1958; 64 years ago (1958)[2][3]
MarketsWorldwide
(Concentration: United Kingdom, United States, China, France)
Registered as a trademark inFeiyue International:[4] United States,[5] France, Australia, New Zealand, South Korea, Taiwan
DaFu Rubber: China[4]
Websitechinafeiyue.cn
feiyue-shoes.com

Feiyu is a shoe brand founded in Shanghai.[6] The China owner is Dafu Rubber Co., Ltd. located in Shanghai.[1] The Worldwide owner was acquired by Feiyue International, a subsidiary of BBC International in the United States, in 2014.[5][2][7]

The "Feiyue" (simplified Chinese: 飞跃; traditional Chinese: 飛躍; pinyin: fēi yuè) name translates "to leap" or "to fly over." The name during creation was resonant of the Great Leap Forward.[8]

The shoes were first produced in Shanghai during the 1920s. Since 2006 there have been two separate companies creating Feiyue shoes: Da Fu Rubber and its subsidiary manufacturer, Double Coin Holdings, and a French company operating separately from the original Chinese company.[6][9]

A number of performers wore Feiyue China shoes during the opening of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, showing that they are still in common use in China. The original version was popular among practitioners of parkour for being lightweight with thin soles. Actor Orlando Bloom was spotted wearing the American version of Feiyue shoes, leading to a resurgence in interest in the brand.[3][10][11]

The Chinese factory has 3,000 employees producing 36,000 pairs a day, with an average of 5,000,000 pairs a year sold in China.[6]

In 2006, Patrice Bastian, a fashion-loving Frenchman,[12] ordered 3,000 pairs of the sneakers and began selling them abroad. Bastian claimed he bought the rights to sell the shoes outside China, while Shuang Qian Group, which holds Feiyue's rights in China denies the same. The Chinese company filed a case in a French court against Bastian's company but lost the lawsuit.

History[edit]

Feiyue's roots can be traced to the 1920s, when cloth shoes were manufactured in Shanghai.[2] In 1958, DaFu Rubber Company (大孚橡胶厂) designed and produced a kind of civil Jiefang shoe (解放鞋) known as "Feiyue", a modification of the cloth shoes used by the Shaolin monks.[3] They gained popularity during the 30s for their robustness, flexibility, and comfort which were considered essential requirements for martial arts and various forms of athletics.[2] The shoes are a staple for almost all wushu practitioners and athletes in China with the shoes even being used by numerous shaolin monks and Kung Fu masters.

In 1963, using Feiyue and double arrow-labeled chevron with "Feiyue track and field", the company became the best-selling shoe in China with an output of 1,616,000 pairs. Feiyue continued to be popular for numerous decades, with hundreds of thousands of shoes sold by the original company over the course of its lifetime, continuing to the present day. The shoes are a popular export with numerous foreign martial arts clubs and schools importing them as the standard shoes for their students. With the opening up of China and the associated cultural and economic shifts, the sneaker began to lose prominence in China. Famous indoor football coach Xu Genbao and player Qi Hong participated in contests wearing Feiyue track and field shoes.[citation needed]

In 2005, Patrice Bastian, a marketing and events manager and an entrepreneur living in Shanghai, decided to team up with a group of artists to recreate the brand name with the stated intention of improving the image and appearance of Feiyue. Nicolas Seguy and Clement Fauth were part of his team to redesign Feiyue for the contemporary Western consumer. In February 2006, they launched the first French-designed Feiyue Shoe collection.[2]

The DaFu Rubber Company reorganized and sold the rights to Feiyue to the "Shuang Qian Group Co. Ltd", in 2009. That company would then lease manufacturing back to DaFu and another manufacturer, "Top One" (大博文), both traditional producers of Feiyue shoes.

Feiyue Shoes U.S. Marketing Campaign
Feiyue x Solid & Striped Collaboration

In 2014, BBC International, the Boca Raton, Florida-based footwear firm, acquired the French Feiyue Shoes company.[2] Upon working with BBC, Feiyue's men's, women's and children's collections were updated and globally introduced in Spring 2015.

Building on the existing brand, BBC has developed an extensive new collection featuring fashion-forward styling, updated silhouettes, and premium materials such as leather and skins.[13]

In 2015, BBC International Launched collaboration with Feiyue and Peanuts for a limited edition collection. Before BBC's acquisition deal in August 2014, Feiyue had major success in collaborations, including collections with Celine, André, Casio, Bonton, NSBQ, and more; and continuing with other collaborations beginning with Peanuts.[14]

The American Feiyue company collaborated in 2016 with the Solid & Striped clothing company, with textiles based on Solid & Striped designs.[15]

Intellectual property rights dispute[edit]

A dispute exists surrounding the trademark and intellectual property rights to Feiyue between the United States-owned company, Feiyue International, LLC, and Shanghai Da Fu Rubber Co, the company that originally manufactured the shoe. Liu Qinglong, manager of Shanghai Da Fu Rubber Co Ltd, said of the situation in 2017, “No one in China knew about commodity intellectual property rights at the time and it wasn’t until 2007–08 that we found out the French had registered the trademark.” [16] According to the Young Post: "Liu claims the French company took advantage of the Chinese at a time when China was still grappling with capitalism and transitioning from all factories being state-owned assets to devolving some rights to individual businesses."[16]

Patrice Bastian, former co-founder and creative director of Feiyue International, LLC, labels Chinese Feiyue "counterfeit," claiming "Feiyue in the US are the original ones because we have the brand registration."[16] He also comments, "It's actually a legal issue and there are many things that we cannot control."[6]

According to Bastian, while he was living in Asia in 2005, he became enamored of Feiyue's white vulcanized shoes.[6] A sneaker collector, Bastien traveled to the factory to buy his lifetime supply and ended up making a bid to buy the brand (with partners Nicolas Seguy and Clement Fauth), financing the purchase by selling his sneaker collection.[17] However, Da Fu maintains that Bastien made this purchase from a manufacturer and not from them, the original company, having not heard of the Bastian at all until 2007.[9][8] In 2017, Bastian claims that he didn't know exactly who owned the factory he purchased the brand from.[16]

Da Fu retains the trademark rights to Feiyue in China, but the US-based Feiyue holds the rights in much of the world, including France, Australia, New Zealand, South Korea, and Taiwan.[4] Da Fu took Feiyue International, LLC to court for the rights in France, but lost the lawsuit.[8] As such, the US-based Feiyue retains the rights regarding their trademarks, trade names, brand names, and trade dress, and claims protection by international laws and treaties.[18]

Distinctions between the original Chinese and re-designed American versions[edit]

The original Chinese versions of the Feiyue shoes and the re-designed American versions have a number of differences. The differences include:

Sole[edit]

The sole of the Chinese Feiyue shoe contains reduced padding on the bottom of the shoe, which is considered desirable for martial arts activities. The sole of the French version has thicker padding on the bottom and is designed for more general-purpose use. The seal at the center of the sole is a green triangle on the Chinese Feiyue, while the marking is a red circle on the American version. However, recently the Chinese version manufactured by Da Fu has begun to use the American red circle; those manufactured by Top One retain the green triangle.[19]

Canvas material[edit]

The canvas material of the Chinese Feiyue shoe is thin, resulting in a large range of ankle flexibility. The martial arts application requires a wide range of foot motions. The canvas material of the American version is much thicker.

Color[edit]

The original Chinese Feiyues originally came in only two colors, black and white, with a HI and LO version of each. The shoes were previously only available in a limited range of styles—simple stripes with some different colors. The range of colors and styles has now grown tremendously both under the American-owned company and the Chinese-owned one, with the BBC International brand offering a wide variety of colors and the Da Fu brand offering a "rainbow" set of shoes.[9]

Style[edit]

The American version of the shoe offers a wide variety of fashion-forward choices for men, women, and kids. Consequently, collaborations with Céline, Agnès B, and Swarovski followed, as did fans, including Miranda Kerr, Reese Witherspoon, and Orlando Bloom.[20] The Chinese version of the shoe, on the other hand, has around 150 different styles of the shoes catered toward Chinese fashion tastes.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c About us on China Feiyue website
  2. ^ a b c d e f CONVERSE’s recent controversy in China and Chinese sneaker brand‘s comeback on Daxue Consulting, 12 Apr 2019
  3. ^ a b c Feiyue shoe brand: Two countries, one iconic name by Wang Ying on China Daily, 20 June 2016
  4. ^ a b c "Chinese company calls French firm 'robbers' for making Feiyue trainers". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 2019-10-31.
  5. ^ a b Feiyue trademark by Feiyue International LLC of Boca Raton, FL on Trademarkia
  6. ^ a b c d e How Feiyue kung fu shoes are made in China by Lia Yi on GoldThread, Oct 14, 2019
  7. ^ Our brands on BBC International, 1 Dec 2019
  8. ^ a b c "A 'Flying Leap' in Chinese branding". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2019-10-31.
  9. ^ a b c d "How China's Feiyue sneakers, shoes of Shaolin monks, are making a comeback". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 2019-10-31.
  10. ^ Erin, Clark. "BBC Inks Deal For Sneaker Brand". Footwear News. Retrieved August 4, 2014.
  11. ^ Deola Adebiyi (June 2013). "Kick Starters". Vertical Floor Magazine. Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  12. ^ V, Nathan; erKlippe (2017-07-04). "The 'Flying Leap': A sneaker with history breaks the mould on failed Chinese branding". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2022-04-25.
  13. ^ Clack, Erin. "BBC Inks Deal for Sneaker Brand". Footwear News. Retrieved August 4, 2014.
  14. ^ Nikara, Johns. "BC International Launching Collaboration With Feiyue & Peanuts". Footwear News. Retrieved July 31, 2015.
  15. ^ Aemilia, Madden. "Your Favorite Sneaker and Swimsuit lines Teamed Up for a Collab". Who What Wear. Archived from the original on April 19, 2016. Retrieved April 15, 2016.
  16. ^ a b c d France, Feiyue. "Feiyue: how authentic Chinese trainers became fakes, thanks to France". scmp.com.
  17. ^ Bell, Jennie. "Exclusive 5Q with Feiyue Creative Director Patrice Bastian". Footwear News. Retrieved Jan 5, 2015.
  18. ^ "Feiyue. Conditions of Use". feiyue-shoes.com. Retrieved 2018-08-31.
  19. ^ "Feiyue Kung Fu Shoes". Retrieved 26 Dec 2019.
  20. ^ Stern, Claire. "Our New Sneaker Obsession: Feiyue Officially Launches in the U.S. Today". In Style. Retrieved April 16, 2015.

External links[edit]