Feklistova Island

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Feklistova
Остров Феклистова
Island
Map of the Shantar Islands.
Map of the Shantar Islands.
Feklistova is located in Khabarovsk Krai
Feklistova
Feklistova
Coordinates: 55°0′N 136°57′E / 55.000°N 136.950°E / 55.000; 136.950
Country Russian Federation
Federal subject Far Eastern Federal District
Krai Khabarovsk Krai
Area
 • Total 372 km2 (144 sq mi)
Elevation 415 m (1,362 ft)

Feklistova or Feklistov Island (Остров Феклистова; Ostrov Feklistova) is one of the Shantar Islands in Sea of Okhotsk. With an area of 372 km², it is the second largest in the archipelago.[1]

Geography[edit]

Feklistova is 24 km (15 mi) west to east and 19.3 km (12 mi) north to south.[2] It lies about 20 km (12.4 mi) to the west of Bolshoy Shantar Island, the main island in the group. Feklistov Island is covered with taiga forest and has a 3 km (1.8 mi) long lake on its northern shore separated from the sea by a spit of land.[3]

Administratively this island belongs to the Khabarovsk Krai of the Russian Federation.

This island is part of the "Kondyor-Feklistov metallogenic belt" (KD) owing to the presence of placers [4] which include minerals like "blacksand platinum".[5] The "Kondyor-Feklistov metallogenic belt" is one of the major metallogenic belts of Northeast Asia. It is assumed that it formed by an oblique subduction of the oceanic crust of the Mongol-Okhotsk paleoocean under the southern margin of the Siberian continent.

History[edit]

Between 1852 and 1874, American whaleships hunted bowhead whales off Feklistova Island. They also anchored in Lebyazhya Bay on the south side of the island to stow down or boil oil, flense whales, and obtain wood and water or shelter from storms. They referred to the anchorage itself as Feklistova Harbor.[6][7] The ship Lexington, of Nantucket, reported sixteen other whaleships anchored in Feklistova Harbor, of which five were boiling oil; seven more were seen coming in.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Russia Guide - Location
  2. ^ United States. (1918). Asiatic Pilot, Volume 1: East coast of Siberia, Sakhalin Island and Chosen. Washington: Hydrographic Office.
  3. ^ GoogleEarth
  4. ^ Placer on Feklistov Island
  5. ^ Platinum
  6. ^ Arctic, of Fairhaven, Sep. 20, 1852. In Gelett, C. W. (1917). A life on the ocean: Autobiography of Captain Charles Wetherby Gelett. Honolulu, Hawaii: Hawaiian Gazette Co., Ltd.
  7. ^ Harrison, of New Bedford, Aug. 30-Sep. 1, Sep. 4–11, 1853, Nicholson Whaling Collection (NWC); William Wirt, of New Bedford, July 27, Aug. 6–8, 19-24, 1855, NWC; Onward, of New Bedford, Oct. 5–10, 1856, NWC; Daniel Wood, of New Bedford, Sep. 23, 1857, NWC; Mary Frazier, of New Bedford, Aug. 14–19, 1859, NWC; Navy, of New Bedford, Aug. 8, 11-14, 1861, Kendall Whaling Museum (KWM); Cicero, of New Bedford, Sep. 15–17, 1862, Sep. 20–25, 1863, KWM; Josephine, of New Bedford, Sep. 18–25, 1864, Sept. 29–30, 1865, KWM; Java, of New Bedford, Sep. 28-Oct. 5, 1865, Sep. 23–25, 1866, NWC; Arnolda, of New Bedford, Sep. 24-26, Oct. 4-6, 14-17, 1874, Old Dartmouth Historical Society.
  8. ^ Lexington, of Nantucket, Sep. 1, 1855, Nantucket Historical Association.

External links[edit]