Felbrigg Hall

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Felbrigg Hall
Stately home
FelbriggHall(PhilipHalling)Jul2006.jpg
View of Felbrigg Hall from the south, showing the Jacobean east wing, c. 1624 (right) and the west wing, c. 1680 (left)
Country England
State Norfolk
Region East of England
District North Norfolk
Municipality Cromer
Founded Built in the 17th century
Owner In the care of the National Trust
Easiest access Near Felbrigg village, 2 miles (3.2 km) South West of Cromer on B1436, signposted from A148 and A140.
Website: National Trust Felbrigg Hall
Felbrigg Hall, Jacobean wing, circa 1624
Felbrigg Hall, west wing, circa 1680
One of Felbrigg's garden ornaments

Felbrigg Hall is a 17th-century English country house near the village of that name in Norfolk.[1] Part of a National Trust property, the unaltered 17th-century house is noted for its Jacobean architecture and fine Georgian interior. Outside the house are a walled garden, an orangery and orchards.

The hall is Grade I on the National Heritage List for England.[2] Ketton-Cremer bequeathed the house to heritage charity The National Trust, which took control in 1969.

History[edit]

The estate originated with the Felbrigg family. It passed to John Wyndham (died 1475), and was then in that family for centuries.

Thomas Wyndham (died 1522) was a councillor to King Henry VIII.[3] Later residents included John Wyndham (1558–1645), probably the builder of Felbrigg Hall. The last Wyndham or Windham of Felbrigg was William Wyndham (died 1810). Much land had been added to the medieval estate in the 17th and 18th centuries.[4] Above the entablature the family arms and the projecting bays bear the words GLORIA DEO IN EXCELSIS in pierced stone, surmounted by heraldic beasts. [5][6]

The last owner of the house before it passed into National Trust ownership was Robert Wyndham Ketton-Cremer. His heir, his brother Richard, was killed in action in the Second World War. Robert's memorial to Richard is in the woods behind the house.

Robert Wyndham Ketton-Cremer wrote a number of books, particularly about Norfolk, including Felbrigg: the Story of a House,[7] and Norfolk in the Civil War, Faber, 1969.[8] Robert Ketton-Cremer never married, and with no heirs, left the estate to the National Trust on his death in 1969. Part of the estate was acquired by Beeston Hall School.

Christopher Mackie was administrator, or houseman, of Felbrigg Hall until 1990. His wife Mary Mackie wrote three books on their experiences Cobwebs and Cream Teas, Dry Rot and Daffodils and Frogspawn and Floor Polish.[9]

Today[edit]

Today the Felbrigg estate covers some 1,760 acres (about 7 sq. km) of parkland including the 520-acre (2.1 km2) of Great Wood, which shelters the house. There is public access to the grounds along a number of waymarked walks through the estate, including the Weavers' Way long distance footpath.[10] National Cycle Network regional routes 33 and 30 also pass through the estate.[11]

The gardens[edit]

Felbrigg garden is laid out in two different styles. The west garden is laid out in the style of a typical Victorian pleasure ground, arranged around an 18th-century orangery. Accentuating the play between light and shade, its formal lawns are interspersed with areas of dark shrubbery. This garden features a number of specimens from North America including red oaks, western red cedars, and a meadow with a walled garden. There are double borders of mixed shrubs, a herbaceous border, and more. The orchard has been planted with varieties of fruit known to have grown in the garden during the 19th century. The gardens are home to the National Collection of colchicums.

The gardens are Grade II* listed on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens.[12]

National Trust controversy[edit]

To mark the 50th anniversary of the decriminalisation of sexual activity between men in England and Wales, the National Trust in summer 2017 organised a "Prejudice and Pride" campaign highlighting the LGBT themes in its properties. At Felbrigg Hall, a short film narrated by Stephen Fry stated that Robert Wyndham Ketton-Cremer had been widely known to be homosexual,[13] though others claimed that this was only known by his close friends.[14] Two of Ketton-Cremer's godchildren criticised the decision, claiming that a public outing would have been against Ketton-Cremer's wishes and accusing the Trust of using their godfather to generate publicity.[15]

The Trust also requested that volunteers wear a badge featuring the charity's logo atop the colours of the LGBT pride flag. Of the house's 350 volunteers, ten refused and were asked to take backstage roles during the campaign.[16] Sections of the right-wing press among others called on the Trust to reverse its decision,[17] and 240 Trust members out of 4.24 million cancelled their membership over the issue.[18] The Trust subsequently U-turned on the wearing of badges.[19]

Further reading[edit]

  • Ketton-Cremer, Robert Wyndham, Felbrigg, the Story of a House, London, 1962. The author donated Felbrigg Hall to the National Trust in 1969.
  • AA's Illustrated Guide to Britain, London, 5th edition, 1983.
  • Mackie, Mary. Cobwebs and Cream Teas: Year in the Life of a National Trust House, ISBN 0-7528-3410-X
  • Mackie, Mary. Dry Rot and Daffodils: Life in a National Trust House, ISBN 0-7528-3409-6
  • Mackie, Mary. Frogspawn and Floor Polish: Upstairs and Downstairs in a National Trust House, ISBN 1-84024-333-3

References[edit]

  1. ^ OS Explorer Map 24 (Edition A 1997) – Norfolk Coast Central. ISBN 0-319-21726-4.
  2. ^ Historic England, "Felbrigg Hall (1373644)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 23 December 2016 
  3. ^ Hamline University (accessed Oct 2010)
  4. ^ Historic England Retrieved 5 August 2017.
  5. ^ http://www.heritage.norfolk.gov.uk/record-details?MNF6633-Felbrigg-Hall&Index=6105&RecordCount=57339&SessionID=e36fb366-2f2d-4e45-a918-acf04feba925
  6. ^ http://www.literarynorfolk.co.uk/felbrigg.htm
  7. ^ WorldCat OCLC Number: 6325329
  8. ^ Norfolk in the Civil War Retrieved 10 August 2013
  9. ^ British Library search under "Mary Mackie" Retrieved 4 August 2017.
  10. ^ Norfolk long distance footpaths Retrieved 6 August 2013
  11. ^ Sustrans Retrieved 9 August 2013
  12. ^ Historic England, "Felbrigg Hall (1000185)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 23 December 2016 
  13. ^ "The unfinished portrait". 21 July 2017. 
  14. ^ Lucy Pasha-Robinson (4 August 2017). "National Trust volunteers refusing to wear gay pride lanyards in protest over 'outing' former lord of the manor". The Independent. 
  15. ^ Steve Bird (29 July 2017). "National Trust criticised for "outing" country squire". The Telegraph. 
  16. ^ "National Trust volunteers refuse to wear LGBTQ badges". BBC News. 4 August 2017. 
  17. ^ Jamie Grierson (5 August 2017). "National Trust reverses decision enforcing use of gay pride badges". The Guardian. 
  18. ^ Steve Bird (4 August 2017). "National Trust facing membership boycott over gay campaign". The Telegraph. 
  19. ^ "National Trust U-turn over LGBTQ badges at Felbrigg Hall". BBC News. 5 August 2017. 

Coordinates: 52°54′27″N 1°15′33″E / 52.9074°N 1.2593°E / 52.9074; 1.2593