Feldflieger Abteilung

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Feldflieger Abteilung (FFA) or Field Flying Companies were the pioneering field aviation units of what became known as the Luftstreitkräfte (German air service) by October 1916, during World War I.[1]

Composition[edit]

Fokker E.II 35/15 from Feldflieger Abteilung 14 preparing to land on the Eastern Front.

The use of aircraft as a tactical reconnaissance tool, to serve within the Deutsches Heer's Fliegertruppen des deutschen Kaiserreiches air service formed in 1910, was established by the German Army in its annual exercise in June 1911. Early usage was limited to providing post-flight situation reports. At the start of World War I, there were thirty-three units, comprising one allocated to each of the eight Army Headquarters and one to each of the twenty-five regular Corps Headquarters.[2] Each unit, having a designation number usually matching that of the army group it was assigned to, was equipped with either six Idflieg Category A (unarmed monoplane) or Category B (unarmed biplane) two-seater aircraft. By March 1915 the number of Feldflieger Abteilung had doubled and the ideas for separate specialist fighter and bomber units, known as Jastas and Kampfgeschwader, respectively, were beginning to be conceived, not forming formally under such names until the reformation of the Fliegertruppe into the Luftstreitkräfte by October 1916.

List of FFAs[edit]

Unit No. Location Attachment Notable Personnel
6b Bühl airfield, near Saarburg Bavarian Kurt Wintgens, Friedrich Marnet
9b Bavarian
10 Vrizy Max Immelmann
23 Roupy Hans Joachim Buddecke, Ernst Freiherr von Althaus, Rudolf Berthold
48 Mülhausen Kurt Wintgens
62 Douai Oswald Boelcke, Max Immelmann, Otto Parschau

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ van Wyngarden, G. p.6
  2. ^ Cowin, H.W. p.13

References[edit]

  • Van Wyngarden, G. (2006). Early German Aces of World War 1, Osprey. Oxford. ISBN 1-84176-997-5
  • O'Connor, M. (2001) Airfields & Airmen – Ypres, Leo Cooper. ISBN 0-85052-753-8
  • Cowin, H. W. (2000) German and Austrian Aviation of World War 1, Osprey. Oxford. ISBN 1-84176-069-2