Felice D. Gaer
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|Born||1946 (age 73–74)|
Englewood, New Jersey, U.S.
|Education||Wellesley College (BA)|
Columbia University (MA, MPhil)
Felice D. Gaer (born 1946) is an American human rights defender and advocate. She has worked on human rights matters and has been a longstanding member and the former chair of the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom. She is a member of the US National Commission to UNESCO.
Gaer directs the Jacob Blaustein Institute for the Advancement of Human Rights of the American Jewish Committee, which conducts research and advocacy to strengthen international human rights. Gaer has served on the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom since 2000. Nominated by the Clinton administration and renominated by the Bush administration and Obama administration, she had served as chair for three terms, had served as Vice Chair for three terms, and had served one term of the Executive Committee. Her current appointment was made by Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi.
Gaer was the first American to serve as an Independent Expert on the United Nations Committee Against Torture. There, she had been Vice Chair. Gaer is also a member of the American Council on Foreign Relations.
Early life and education
Gaer was born in Englewood, New Jersey. She graduated Wellesley College with an A.B. in Political Science (1968). From Columbia University, she received a Master of Arts degree in 1971 and a Master of Philosophy degree in Political Science in 1975.
Gaer's career has involved human rights both nationally and internationally, working in different committees and commissions.
Since 2000, she has been an independent expert on the UN Committee against Torture. She became the committee's vice-chair in 2009. Furthermore, she was a rapporteur on Gender on the same committee from 2001 to 2006; and follow-up rapporteur on country compliance from 2003 to 2014.
Gaer has been a public member and/or public advisor of different US delegations:
- United Nations World Conference on Human Rights, Vienna (June 1993)
- United Nations World Conference on Women, Beijing (September 1995)
- Preparatory Conference, World Conference on Human Settlements (February 1996)
- United Nations Commission on Human Rights (2003–2006)
She was a commissioner of the United States Commission on International Religious Freedom (2001–2012). During that period she occupied served as the commission's chair (2002-2003), then vice-chair (2003-2006), then chair again (2006-2009).
Gaer became a term member of the Council on Foreign Relations from 1976 until 1981 and later she became a life member (1991). She has been a commissioner of the US National Commission to UNESCO since 2012.
She has served on many other committees, associations and councils, including:
- President of the International Friends of the Chilean Human Rights Commission (1985–1990)
- International League for Human Rights, Board of Governors (1991–2005)
- The Carter Center, Emory University, International Humans Rights Council (1994–2003)
- Human Rights Watch, Advisory Committee, Europe and Central Asia (1996–present)
- Chair of the National Coalition for the 50th Anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Steering Committee (1997–1999)
- Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt Institute, Board of Directors (2001–2004) and Board of Governors (2001–2004)
- Eleanor Roosevelt Center at Val-Kill, Board of Directors (2004–2009)
- Chair of the Leo Nevas Task Force on Human Rights, United Nations Association of the USA (since 2011)
She has testified before numerous US Congressional committees on International Relations, Human Rights, Justice, and the Tom Lantos Commission.
Beyond public service
Gaer has participated on various committees, organizations and associations.
She was a program officer from the international division of the international organizations of the Ford Foundation. (1974–1981). She was the executive director of the International League for Human Rights (1982–1991), followed by the executive director of the European programs of the United Nations Association of the US (1991–1992).
She has been the director of the American Jewish Committee of the Jacob Blaustein Institute for the Advancement of Human Rights since 1993. In 2010, she was a regents professor in the Department of History of the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA).
- Gaer, Felice D.; Broecker, Christen L., eds. (2013). The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights: Conscience for the World. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
- Gaer, Felice D. (1992). "First fruits: Reporting by states under the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights". Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights. 10 (1): 29–42. doi:10.1177/016934419201000103.
- Gaer, Felice D. (1995). "Reality check: human rights nongovernmental organisations confront governments at the United Nations". Third World Quarterly. 16 (3): 389–404. doi:10.1080/01436599550035960.
- Gaer, Felice D. (1997). "UN-Anonymous: Reflections on human rights in peace negotiations". Human Rights Quarterly. 19 (1): 1–8. doi:10.1353/hrq.1997.0004.
- Gaer, Felice D. (2003). "Implementing international human rights norms: UN human rights treaty bodies and NGOs". Journal of Human Rights. 2 (3): 339–357. doi:10.1080/1475483032000133024.
- Gaer, Felice D. (2003). "Human rights NGOs in UN peace operations". International Peacekeeping. 10 (1): 73–89. doi:10.1080/714002398.
- Gaer, Felice D. (2007). "A voice not an echo: universal periodic review and the UN treaty body system": 109–139. Cite journal requires
- Leo, Leonard A.; Gaer, Felice D.; Cassidy, Elizabeth K. (2011). "Protecting Religions from Defamation: A Threat to Universal Human Rights Standards". Harv. JL & Public Policy. 34: 769.
- Gaer, Felice (2012). "'If Not Now, When?' Jewish Advocacy for Freedom of Religion". The Review of Faith & International Affairs. 10 (3): 73–79. doi:10.1080/15570274.2012.706092.
- Gaer, Felice (2001). "Eleanor Roosevelt and the American Association of the United Nations". In Beasley, Maurine Hoffman; Shulman, Holly Cowan; Beasley, Henry R. (eds.). The Eleanor Roosevelt Encyclopedia. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 9780313301810 – via Google Books.
- Gaer, Felice (2009). "Religious Freedom". In Forsythe, David P. (ed.). Encyclopedia of Human Rights. Vol. 1. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195334029 – via Google Books.