Feliciano Chiclana

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Feliciano Chiclana
FelicianoChiclana.jpg
Portrait of Feliciano Chiclana
Member of the First Triumvirate
In office
September 23, 1811 – October 8, 1812
Serving with Manuel de Sarratea, Juan José Paso, Juan Martín de Pueyrredón
Personal details
Born (1761-06-09)June 9, 1761
Buenos Aires
Died September 17, 1826(1826-09-17) (aged 65)
Buenos Aires
Resting place La Recoleta cemetery
Nationality Argentine
Political party Patriot
Other political
affiliations
Saavedrism
Military service
Allegiance Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, United Provinces of the Río de la Plata
Years of service 1806-1822
Rank Colonel
Battles/wars British invasions of the Río de la Plata, Argentine War of Independence

Feliciano Antonio Chiclana (June 9, 1761 in Buenos Aires – September 17, 1826 in Buenos Aires) was an Argentine lawyer, soldier, and judge.

Biography[edit]

Feliciano Chiclana studied at the Colegio de San Carlos. In 1783 he finished a law degree at the Universidad de Chile. He returned to Buenos Aires in 1791 and became the secretary to the mayor of Buenos Aires Cabildo. During the British invasions of the Río de la Plata in 1806 he fought as captain of the 1st Patricians' Infantry Regiment. After the reconquest of the city he joined the party of General Cornelio Saavedra.[1]

In 1810, he helped in the planning for the May Revolution as legal counsel to the Cabildo. He was part of the group of moderates which wanted the Cabildo to assume command of the government during the Napoleonic invasion of Spain, only to return it later to the Spanish Crown. He therefore voted on May 22, 1810 to depose the viceroy.[2]

The Primera Junta named him comptroller of the Auxiliary Army of Upper Peru with the rank of Colonel. In August 1810 he was named governor of Salta Province, which is now Jujuy Province. In November 1810 he received orders from Buenos Aires to leave his current post and assume a new post as the new governor of Potosí.

He then returned to Buenos Aires, and became a part of the First Triumvirate, along with Juan José Paso and Manuel de Sarratea in 1811. He was a triumvir until October 8, 1812, untile he was deposed.

In November 1812 he was again named governor of Salta, there he worked closely with Manuel Belgrano during the second Upper Peru campaign. He reported to the government of Buenos Aires since the people of Salta flew the modern flag of Argentina during the third commemoration of the May Revolution.[3] He was governor of Salta until October 26, 1813, he was then succeeded by Francisco Fernández de la Cruz.

Between 1814 and 1816 he was in charge of provisioning the Auxiliary Army of Upper Peru;

In 1817 he was opposed politically by the Supreme director Juan Martín de Pueyrredón, he was then exiled to Baltimore, United States of America.

He was then allowed to return to Argentina in 1818, only to be exiled again, this time to Mendoza, but due to illness he was not able to make the trip. In 1819, retaining his rank of colonel, he was ordered to his last mission which is to negotiate peace with the Ranquel a native tribe he accomplished his mission by forging a peace treaty with the tribe. He retired from the army on 1822 and died in Buenos Aires in September 1826. He was interred in the La Recoleta Cemetery in Buenos Aires.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fernández, p. 28
  2. ^ Isidoro Ruiz Moreno (2009). "Mayo de 1810. Actas del Cabildo de Buenos Aires". Buenos Aires: Claridad. 
  3. ^ Perazzo, p. 109

Bibliography[edit]

  • Perazzo, Alberto Rubén (2006). Nuestras banderas: vexilología argentina. Argentina: Editorial Dunken. ISBN 987-02-1809-1. 
  • Fernández, Jorge (2006). Historia Argentina: 1810-1930. Argentina: Universidad Nacional del Litoral. ISBN 987-508-331-3.