Feliks Volkhovsky

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Feliks Volkhovsky, late 19th century

Feliks Vadimovich Volkhovsky (Russian: Феликс Вадимович Волховский; 1846 in Poltava – July 21 (August 3), 1914) was a Russian revolutionary, journalist and writer. Volkhovsky became involved in radical student politics in St Petersburg in the 1860s. In 1867, he co-founded the 'One Rouble Society' with German Lopatin; it was dedicated to propaganda and educational work among the masses. After several arrests, Volkhovsky moved to Odessa in 1873, where he organised a circle affiliated with the Circle of Tchaikovsky. One of the members of Volkhovsky's Odessa group was Andrei Zhelyabov, later one of the principal organisers of the assassination of Tsar Alexander II.

Volkhovsky was arrested again in 1874 and was a defendant at the 1878 'Trial of the 193'. Banished to Siberia, he escaped in 1889 via America. Volkhovsky was involved in 'Land and Liberty' and, when that group split in 1879, in 'The People's Will'. After escaping from Siberia, he made his way to Western Europe, eventually settling in London. He worked for the Free Russian Press and was a close friend and collaborator of the revolutionary writer S.M. Stepniak-Kravchinsky. In fact, Stepniak was on his way to visit Volkhovsky when he was killed by a train in 1895. Volkhovsky thereafter took over Stepniak's editorial duties at the journal Free Russia.

Volkhovsky served as a bridge-builder within the Russian opposition movement and between Russian radicals and the Western European public. He was in contact with older Russian émigrés of the generation of A.I. Herzen and young 'nihilists', with anarchists as well as political revolutionaries, with Russian social revolutionaries as well as liberals. He helped bring together Russian and Ukrainian social revolutionaries, protested against pogroms in Russia and resisted anti-Semitic tendencies in the Russian revolutionary movement. He also did his best to represent the Russian opposition movement to the West, maintaining contacts with British, French and German socialist parties, contributing articles to British and Americal papers (including the New York Times) and writing pamphlets aimed at the Western audience. He was involved in the Anglo-American Society of Friends of Russian Freedom. In the early 1900s (decade), Volkhovsky joined the Socialist-Revolutionary Party.

References[edit]

  • Чепа М.-Л.А. Будівничий української нації А.І. Чепа та його нащадки / Збірник наукових праць Інституту психології Імені Г.С. Костюка НАПН України "Проблеми загальної та педагогічної психології" Том ХІІ, Ч.3. http://www.nbuv.gov.ua/portal/.../400-407/.
  • Senese D.J. Felix Volkhovsky in London, 1890-1914 // From the Other Shore: Russian Political Emigrants in Britain, 1880-1917. Ed. by J. Slatter. - L.: Frank Cass, 1984. - P. 67-78.
  • Glad, John, Russia Abroad: Writers, History, Politics. Hermitage, 1999.
  • Rudnytsky, I.L. Essays in Modern Ukrainian History. Edmonton, 1987.
  • Morrison, J., Hermann von Samson Himmelstjerna and F.V. Volkhovsky, Russia under Alexander III. and in the Preceding Period. Edited, with explanatory notes and an introduction, by F. Volkhovsky. 1893.
  • The Great Soviet Encyclopedia. Moscow, 1979.