Felinae

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Felines[1]
Temporal range: MioceneHolocene, 9–0 Ma
Jaguarundi-s.jpg
Jaguarundi (Puma yagouaroundi)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Feliformia
Family: Felidae
Subfamily: Felinae
Waldheim, 1817
Type genus
Felis
Linnaeus, 1758
Genera

† = extinct

Felinae range.png
Native ranges of Felinae

The Felinae are a subfamily of the family Felidae that includes the genera and species listed below. Most are small to medium-sized cats, although the group does include some larger animals, such as the cougar and cheetah.[1] The earliest records of the Felinae are ascribed to Felis attica of western Eurasia from the late Miocene, 9 million years ago (Mya).[2]

Felidae cats are split up into two main lineages: the conical-toothed cats, which includes all the extant cats in subfamilies Felinae and Pantherinae), and the extinct saber-toothed cats (members of Machairodontinae). Some authorities include all conical toothed cats in Felinae to reflect this primary division, in which case the tribes Pantherini and Felini are used for the pantherine and feline cats, respectively.[3][4] In this sense the tribe Felini is synonymous with the use of Felinae in this article.

Genera[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wozencraft, W.C. (2005). "Order Carnivora". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 532–545. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  2. ^ Johnson, W.E.; Eizirik, E.; Pecon-Slattery, J.; Murphy, W.J.; Antunes, A.; Teeling, E. & O'Brien, S.J. (2006). "The Late Miocene radiation of modern Felidae: A genetic assessment" (abstract). Science. 311 (5757): 73–77. doi:10.1126/science.1122277. PMID 16400146. 
  3. ^ Werdelin, L.; Yamaguchi, N.; Johnson, W. E.; O'Brien, S. J. (2010). "Phylogeny and evolution of cats (Felidae)" (PDF). In Macdonald, D. W.; Loveridge, A. J. Biology and Conservation of Wild Felids (Reprint ed.). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. pp. 59–82. ISBN 978-0-19-923445-5. 
  4. ^ Kingdon, J.; Happold, D.; Butynski, T.; Hoffmann, M.; Happold, M.; Kalina, J. (2013). Mammals of Africa. 5. London, UK: Bloomsbury Publishing. pp. 144–210. ISBN 978-1-4081-2251-8. 

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Felinae at Wikimedia Commons
  • Data related to Felinae at Wikispecies