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Alou in 1961
|Outfielder / First baseman / Manager|
|Born: May 12, 1935|
Haina, Dominican Republic
|June 8, 1958, for the San Francisco Giants|
|Last MLB appearance|
|April 24, 1974, for the Milwaukee Brewers|
|Runs batted in||852|
|Career highlights and awards|
|Member of the Caribbean|
|Baseball Hall of Fame|
Felipe Rojas Alou (born May 12, 1935) is a former Major League Baseball outfielder, first baseman, and manager. He managed the Montreal Expos (1992–2001) and the San Francisco Giants (2003–06). The first Dominican to play regularly in the major leagues, he is the most prominent member of one of the sport's most notable families of the late 20th century: he was the oldest of the trio of baseball-playing brothers that included Matty and Jesús, who were both primarily outfielders, and his son Moisés was also primarily an outfielder; all but Jesús have been named All-Stars at least twice. The family name in the Dominican Republic is Rojas, but Felipe Alou and his brothers became known by the name Alou when the Giants' scout who signed Felipe mistakenly thought his matronymic was his father's name.
During his 17-year career spent with the Giants, Milwaukee & Atlanta Braves, Oakland Athletics, New York Yankees, Montreal Expos, and Milwaukee Brewers, Alou played all three outfield positions regularly (736 games in right field, 483 in center, 433 in left), and led the National League in hits twice and runs once. Batting regularly in the leadoff spot, he hit a home run to begin a game on 20 occasions. He later became the most successful manager in Expos history, leading the team from 1992 to 2001 before rejoining the Giants in 2003. On February 4, 2015, Alou was elected to the Canadian Baseball Hall of Fame, and in 2016, he was inducted in the Caribbean Baseball Hall of Fame.
Alou lived in poverty in the Dominican Republic and dreamed of escaping it by becoming a doctor. But switching from track and field to baseball at the 1955 Pan American Games revealed talent for the latter as the Dominican team took gold. He still pursued a university career a while longer, but was finally forced to sign with the Giants in November 1955 for only $200 due to family financial problems.
He was traded to the Braves before the 1964 season with Ed Bailey, Billy Hoeft and a player to be named later (Ernie Bowman) for Del Crandall, Bob Hendley and Bob Shaw. Two years later he enjoyed his best season, when he batted .327 with 31 home runs and led the league in runs (122), hits (218), at bats (666) and total bases (355); he finished second in the batting race to his brother Matty. He also had a good year in 1968, batting .317 and leading the league in hits (210) and at bats (662); he made the All-Star team both years.
In September 1973, he was selected off waivers by the Expos from the Yankees, and was purchased by the Brewers from the Expos after the season.
After the end of his playing career, Alou joined the Montreal Expos organization in 1976, becoming a batting coach and a minor league manager. The Giants offered him the manager's spot in 1985, but he remained with the Expos out of loyalty. On May 22, 1992, he was promoted from bench coach to field manager of the Expos, becoming the first Dominican-born manager in MLB history.
The team was developing a core of young talent during this period, including Larry Walker, John Wetteland, Delino DeShields and Alou's own son, Moisés. In 1994 the Expos had the best record in the major leagues until the mid-August strike that ended up cancelling the entire postseason, thereby denying them a chance to get to their first World Series, and ownership soon began dealing all their young talent to cut payroll. Alou was named the NL Manager of the Year. The Los Angeles Dodgers tried to lure him away in 1998, but he declined to leave Montreal and eventually became the most successful manager in team history.
Despite Alou's popularity in Montreal, the Expos' lackluster record after 1994 eventually led to his dismissal by new owner Jeffrey Loria, who replaced him with Jeff Torborg during the 2001 season. Several teams tried to lure him out of retirement, including the Boston Red Sox, but he would not budge. He finally agreed to serve a single year as the bench coach for Detroit Tigers rookie manager Luis Pujols (2002). Prior to the 2003 season, Alou was named manager of the Giants, the team where he began his professional baseball career, replacing Dusty Baker who had left to manage the Chicago Cubs. In his first season in San Francisco, he won a hundred games and managed the Giants into the playoffs, but they fell to the Florida Marlins in the NL Division Series in 4 games; the Marlins went on to win their second World Series in seven years.
In 2005, the Giants signed Moisés Alou to a one-year contract with an option for the 2006 season, reuniting him professionally with his father after seven seasons apart. Felipe retired as Giants' manager after the 2006 season. Since 2007, he has remained with the Giants organization as a special assistant to the general manager.
|Team||From||To||Regular season record||Post–season record|
|W||L||Win %||W||L||Win %|
|San Francisco Giants||2003||2006||342||304||.529||1||3||.250|
- List of Major League Baseball players from the Dominican Republic
- List of Major League Baseball career home run leaders
- List of Major League Baseball career hits leaders
- List of Major League Baseball annual runs scored leaders
- List of second-generation Major League Baseball players
- List of Major League Baseball managers by wins
- Chisholm, Gregor (February 4, 2015). "Delgado, Stairs highlight '15 Canadian Hall class". MLB.com. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
- "Alou, Polonia, Peña y Berroa: al Salón de la Fama de Serie del Caribe" (in Spanish). Diario Libre. February 3, 2016. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
- "Today in Baseball". Washington Post. September 15, 2008. pp. E7.
- Montreal Expos (1996). Expos Media Guide 1996.
- "Felipe Alou's statement on not returning to manage the Giants" (Press release). San Francisco Giants. October 2, 2006.
- "Giants name Felipe Alou special assistant to the general manager" (Press release). San Francisco Giants. January 5, 2007.
- "Felipe Alou". Baseball-Reference. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference (Minors) Error: Template:Baseballstats cube= parameter must be all-numeric.
- Felipe Alou managerial career statistics at Baseball-Reference.com
- Baseball Almanac
- Baseball Library
- SABR BioProject