Felipe Solá

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Felipe Solá
Sesión 13-06-2018 Diputado Felipe Sola (cropped).jpg
Minister of Foreign Affairs and Worship
Assumed office
10 December 2019
PresidentAlberto Fernández
Preceded byJorge Faurie
National Deputy
In office
10 December 2007 – 10 December 2019
ConstituencyBuenos Aires Province
In office
10 December 1991 – 31 January 1993
ConstituencyBuenos Aires Province
Governor of Buenos Aires
In office
3 January 2002 – 10 December 2007
LieutenantNone (2002-03)
Graciela Gianettasio (2003-07)
Preceded byCarlos Ruckauf
Succeeded byDaniel Scioli
Secretary of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries
In office
31 January 1993 – 10 December 1999
PresidentCarlos Menem
Preceded byMarcelo Regúnaga
Succeeded byGumersindo Alonso
In office
8 July 1989 – 10 December 1991
PresidentCarlos Menem
Preceded byErnesto Figueras
Succeeded byMarcelo Regúnaga
Personal details
Born (1950-07-23) 23 July 1950 (age 69)
Buenos Aires
Political partyJusticialist Party
Other political
affiliations
Justicialist Renewal Front (1987-1989)
Popular Unity Justicialist Front (1989-1995)
Justicialist Agreement (1999-2003)
Front for Victory (2003-2008)
PRO Union (2009)
Renewal Front (2013-2015)
United for a New Alternative (2015)
1País (2017)
Network for Argentina (2018)
Frente de Todos (2019-present)
Spouse(s)María Teresa González (1982-2003)
María Elena Cháves (since 2007)
Alma materUniversity of Buenos Aires
ProfessionAgricultural engineer

Felipe Solá (born 23 July 1950) is an Argentine Justicialist Party politician currently serving as Minister of Foreign Affairs of Argentina under President Alberto Fernández. Solá previously served as the Governor of Buenos Aires Province from 2002 to 2007.[1]

Early life and personal life[edit]

Felipe Solá was born in Buenos Aires and raised in the upscale Recoleta neighborhood. Solá graduated from the University of Buenos Aires as an agricultural engineer in 1981.[2]

Upon graduation Solá worked as a university professor, journalist, and economics counselor and researcher. He married María Teresa González in 1982, and they had two children; the couple were separated in 2003.[3] He met María Elena Cháves in La Plata in 2004, and the two have lived in his home in Pilar since 2007.[4]

Career[edit]

Early political career[edit]

Solá was appointed Minister of Agricultural Affairs by Buenos Aires Province Governor Antonio Cafiero in 1987. Newly-elected President Carlos Menem named him Secretary of Agriculture, Livestock and Fishing in 1989, and in 1991 he was elected to the Argentine Chamber of Deputies for Buenos Aires Province on the Justicialist Party ticket.[2]

Solá returned to the post of Secretary of Agriculture under Menem in 1993, remaining in the post until 1998.[2] His tenure is best known for his controversial 1996 decision to allow the cultivation of GMO soy in Argentina, authorized a mere 81 days after Monsanto applied for a permit.[5]

Governor of Buenos Aires and legislative terms[edit]

On 10 December 1999, he became Vice Governor of Buenos Aires under Carlos Ruckauf, and took up the governorship on 3 January 2002, when Ruckauf resigned to become Foreign Affairs Minister for interim President Eduardo Duhalde after the socioeconomic collapse of 2001.[6]

Solá abandoned his political allegiance to Duhalde after President Néstor Kirchner did likewise, aligning with Kirchner's expansionist policies. As governor and amid 9% economic growth, his support for Kirchnerist candidates in his province during the campaign for the 2005 legislative elections helped result for a landslide win over Duhalde's faction and other parties. He successfully headed Kirchner's Front for Victory party list for his province's congressional candidates in 2007, stepped down as governor and returned to Congress.[6]

Having been rejected as running mate for 2007 Front for Victory presidential nominee Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, Solá became estranged from Kirchnerism during the 2008 Argentine government conflict with the agricultural sector and left their caucus to become a dissident Peronist.[6] Ahead of the 2009 mid-term elections, he joined Francisco de Narváez and Mauricio Macri in Unión PRO, a center-right coalition of fellow dissident Peronists and the Republican Proposal (PRO) party.[7]

Solá became a primary candidate in August 2009 for president ahead of the 2011 elections;[7] but lacking support, he withdrew on 11 June and endorsed Duhalde's Popular Union ticket, which went on to fifth place.[8]

He later joined the Renewal Front, a centrist Peronist faction created by Sergio Massa ahead of the 2013 mid-term elections. Like Solá, Massa had broken with President Cristina Kirchner after the 2008 agro-export tax hike dispute, and the Renewal Front bested Kirchner's Front for Victory in Buenos Aires Province in 2013.[9]

Solá ran for Governor of Buenos Aires Province in 2015 on the Renewal Front-led United for a New Alternative ticket; but placed third (21%). He then headed Massa's Buenos Aires Province party list for the 2017 mid-term elections, dubbed 1País, but again placed third (11%).

He broke with the Renewal Front and on 22 October 2018, joined four fellow Renewal Front congressmen and four allies to create Red por Argentina (RxA; "Network for Argentina"). Amid a worsening economic crisis Solá stated that his goal was to promote unity against the Mauricio Macri administration for the 2019 elections.[10] The member parties of Red por Argentina would later join the broader Frente de Todos coalition.[11]

Appointment as foreign minister[edit]

On 6 December 2019, it was announced Solá would be the next Minister of Foreign Affairs and Worship of Argentina in the incoming cabinet of President Alberto Fernández.[12]. He assumed office alongside the rest of the cabinet on 10 December 2019.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Misculin, Nicolás (December 5, 2019). "Brazil, Trump head to-do list for Argentina's incoming foreign minister". Reuters. Retrieved December 10, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c "Biografía". Gobierno de la Provincia de Buenos Aires (in Spanish). 16 November 2005.
  3. ^ "Se separó el matrimonio Solá". El Día (in Spanish). 28 December 2003.
  4. ^ "María Helena Cháves, la polista que enamoró a Felipe Solá". La Nación (in Spanish). 23 September 2011.
  5. ^ "Verano del '96". Página/12 (in Spanish). 26 April 2009.
  6. ^ a b c "Felipe Solá, el político al que cualquier colectivo lo deja bien". El Tribuno (in Spanish). 24 September 2011.
  7. ^ a b "Felipe Solá se lanzó como candidato para el 2011" (in Spanish). 22 August 2009.
  8. ^ "Felipe Solá descartó pelear por la Casa Rosada". La Nación (in Spanish). 11 June 2011.
  9. ^ "Felipe Solá: la de Massa "creo que es una lista opositora"". Minuto Uno (in Spanish). 25 June 2013.
  10. ^ "Solá presentó el bloque "Red por la Argentina"". BAE Negocios (in Spanish). 22 October 2018.
  11. ^ "Máximo Kirchner será elegido jefe del bloque del Frente de Todos". Letra P (in Spanish). 3 December 2019. Retrieved 30 April 2020.
  12. ^ "Quién es Felipe Solá, el nuevo canciller de la Argentina". Ámbito (in Spanish). 6 December 2019. Retrieved 30 April 2020.
Political offices
Preceded by
Carlos Ruckauf
Governor of Buenos Aires Province
2002–2007
Succeeded by
Daniel Scioli
Preceded by
Jorge Faurie
Minister of Foreign Affairs and Worship
2019–present
Incumbent