Felix Karl Ludwig Machatschki

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Karl Ludwig Felix Machatschki (22 September 1895 – 17 February 1970) was an Austrian mineralogist.

He was born in Arnfels (near Leibnitz) in Styria, Austria. He studied at the University of Graz, obtaining his habilitation in 1925; in 1927 he joined the group of Victor Goldschmidt in Oslo for one year. In 1930 he was appointed as a professor at the University of Tübingen. He changed university twice, first in 1941 to the University of Munich and finally in 1944 to the University of Vienna.[1]

In 1928 he published Zur Frage der Struktur und Konstitution der Feldspäte, a paper about which he develops the concept of the atomic structure of silicates and formulates the construction principle of feldspars.[2] In 1946 he published Grundlagen der allgemeinen Mineralogie und Kristallchemie ("Fundamentals of general mineralogy and crystal chemistry").

In 1961, Machatschki was awarded the Austrian Medal for Science and Art.[3] The "Felix-Machatschki-Preis" is an award given by the Österreichische Mineralogische Gesellschaft in recognition of outstanding international scientific work in the field of mineralogy.[4] The mineral machatschkiite commemorates his name.[5]

Published works[edit]

  • Grundlagen der allgemeinen Mineralogie und Kristallchemie, 1946 – Fundamentals of general mineralogy and crystal chemistry.
  • Vorräte und Verteilung der mineralischen Rohstoffe, 1948 – Inventories and the distribution of mineral resources.
  • Spezielle Mineralogie auf geochemischer Grundlage, 1953 – Special mineralogy on a geochemical basis.

He was also the author of 140 individual articles in scientific journals.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Machatschki, Felix Karl Ludwig Austria-Forum
  2. ^ Machatschki, Felix Deutsche Biographie
  3. ^ "Reply to a parliamentary question" (pdf) (in German). p. 109. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  4. ^ Felix-Machatschki-Preis Österreichische Mineralogische Gesellschaft (ÖMG)
  5. ^ Machatschkiite Mineral Data Webmineral.com

External links[edit]