Foundation for Intentional Community

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Foundation for Intentional Community
FIC logo.png
LocationRutledge, Missouri, US Edit this on Wikidata

The Foundation for Intentional Community (FIC), formerly the Fellowship of Intentional Communities then the Fellowship for Intentional Community, provides publications, referrals, support services, and "sharing opportunities" for a wide range of intentional communities, cohousing groups, ecovillages, community networks, support organizations, and people seeking a home in community.[1][2] The FIC is a nonprofit 501(c)(3) organization in the United States.[3]


The FIC formerly published Communities magazine, and currently publishes the Communities Directory,[1] FIC Newsletter, and the Intentional Communities web site.[4] It also sponsors and presents periodic Community gatherings, including annual gatherings at Twin Oaks and other community-related events online and in various locations around the US.[4]

Organizational history[edit]

The history of FIC began in 1937 in Ann Arbor, Michigan, which still has one of the largest concentration of intentional communities per capita.[2] The group/network of 19 student-run houses in Ann Arbor had formed The International Cooperative Council (ICC), a forerunner of FIC.[2]

The Fellowship of Intentional Communities was founded in 1949 by Alfred Anderson and Griscom Morgan (son of Arthur E. Morgan,1878–1976, founder of Community Service, Inc.). It followed upon the Inter-Community Exchange, established for communication and exchange of goods between intentional communities.[5] During World War II, some of these communities served as refuge for pacifists.[5]

Alongside the aforementioned co-sponsorship with Twin Oaks Community, Virginia, some of the members of the "Inter-Community Exchange" were Hidden Springs in New Jersey; Tangy Homesteads in Philadelphia; Tuolumne Co-operative Farms near Modesto, California; Skyview Acres at Pomona, New York; Parishfield near Brighton, Michigan; Kingwood in New Jersey; Quest near Royal Ark, Michigan; Canterbury outside Concord, New Hampshire; May Valley near Seattle; The Valley near Yellow Springs, Ohio; St. Francis Acres/Glen Gardener in New Jersey; Koinonia Partners near Americus, Georgia; and the Bruderhof (Society of Brothers).[5]

In 1952, FIC created the Homer Morris Loan Fund — which has subsequently provided over $200,000 in small loans to intentional community businesses and associated enterprises. When the FIC's activities decreased in the 1960s, the loan fund continued separately as the non-profit Community Educational Service Council, Inc. (CESCI), and the FIC held annual gatherings of communitarians in conjunction with CESCI's board meetings.[6][additional citation(s) needed]

In 1954, FIC began holding annual conferences at Yellow Springs, Ohio and the Pendle Hill Quaker Center for Study and Contemplation in Pennsylvania.[7]

Then "Inter-Community Exchange" gradually weakened and was dissolved in 1961; a major reason for this was withdrawal of the Bruderhof (largest and most prosperous member).[5] The Bruderhof is still listed on the FIC website.[8]

It was revived under the name Fellowship for Intentional Community[5] and incorporated as non-profit organization[9] in 1986.

In the mid 1980s, inspired by the earlier FIC and other regional community networks, a number of community activists sensed that the time was ripe to organize a continental communities network. The FIC is a nonprofit, tax-exempt charitable educational organization. Participation has been expanded to include most of North America — the Fellowship now includes a wide range of individuals, well over a hundred intentional communities, and various support organizations.[10]

In 2018, at the Fall Meeting at the Twin Oaks Community in Virginia, FIC rebranded itself as the Foundation for Intentional Community because the aversion to the traditional masculine connotation of "Fellowship".[11]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Sreenivasan 2008, p. 144.
  2. ^ a b c Gurvis 2006, p. 107.
  3. ^ "Details about Fellowship for Intentional Community Inc., EIN: 35-1856776, Rutledge, MO, United States". 403 | Internal Revenue Service. Retrieved June 30, 2019.
  4. ^ a b "FIC Projects and Services". The Fellowship for Intentional Communities. Archived from the original on September 2, 2011. Retrieved September 12, 2011.
  5. ^ a b c d e Morris & Kross 2009, p. 101.
  6. ^ Morgan, Jane; Crumrine, Betty (May–June 1984). "fellowship of intentional communities: Report of the Conference Held at Barnesville, Ohio, April 13–15, 1984". Community Service Newsletter. Yellow Spring, OH: Community Service. XXXII (3): 1. ISSN 0277-6189. OCLC 3076534.
  7. ^ Veysey 1973, p. 39.
  8. ^ "Bruderhof - Fellowship for Intentional Community". Fellowship for Intentional Community. Retrieved May 24, 2017.
  9. ^ Hahnel 2013, p. 366.
  10. ^ "Intentional Communities - Find, Join, & Learn about Intentional Community". Foundation for Intentional Community.
  11. ^ Tina, Cynthia (Summer 2019). "Introducing the New FIC". Communities. Rutledge, MO, US: Foundation for Intentional Community (183): 4–5.


External links[edit]