Fellowship for Intentional Community

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The Fellowship for Intentional Community (FIC) provides publications, referrals, support services, and "sharing opportunities" for a wide range of intentional communities, cohousing groups, ecovillages, community networks, support organizations, and people seeking a home in community.[1][2] The FIC is a nonprofit 501(c)(3) organization in the United States. [3]


The FIC publishes Communities magazine, the Communities Directory,[1] Journal of Cooperative Living, FIC Newsletter and the Intentional Communities web site.[4] It also sponsors and presents periodic Community gatherings, including annual gatherings at Twin Oaks and Art of Community events in various locations around the US.[4]

Organizational history[edit]

The history of FIC began in 1937 in Ann Arbor, Michigan, which still has one of the largest concentration of intentional communities per capita.[2] The group/network of 19 student-run houses in Ann Arbor had formed The International Cooperative Council (ICC), a forerunner of FIC.[2]

The Fellowship for Intentional Communities was founded as Inter-Community Exchange in 1940 by Arthur E. Morgan (1878–1976) for communication and exchange of goods between intentional communities.[5] During World War II, some of these communities served as refuge for pacifists.[5]

Alongside the aforementioned co-sponsorship with Twin Oaks Community, Virginia, some of the members of the "Inter-Community Exchange" were Hidden Springs in New Jersey; Tangy Homesteads in Philadelphia; Tuolumne Co-operative Farms near Modesto, California; Skyview Acres at Pomona, New York; Parisfield near Brighton, Michigan; Kingwood in New Jersey; Quest near Royal Ark, Michigan; Canterbury outside Concord, New Hampshire; May Valley near Seattle; The Valley near Yellow Springs, Ohio; St. Francis Acres/Glen Gardener in New Jersey; Koinonia Partners near Americus, Georgia; and the Bruderhof (Society of Brothers).[5]

In 1952, FIC created the Homer Morris Loan Fund — which has subsequently provided over $200,000 in small loans to intentional community businesses and associated enterprises. When the FIC's activities decreased in the 1960s, the loan fund continued separately as the non-profit Community Educational Service Council, Inc. (CESCI), and the FIC held annual gatherings of communitarians in conjunction with CESCI's board meetings.[citation needed]

In 1954, FIC began holding annual conferences at Yellow Springs, Ohio and Pendle Hill, Pennsylvania.[6]

Then "Inter-Community Exchange" gradually weakened and was dissolved in 1961; a major reason for this was withdrawal of the Bruderhof (largest and most prosperous member).[5] The Bruderhof is still listed on the FIC website[7].

It was revived under the its current name "Fellowship for Intentional Community"[5] and incorporated as non-profit organization[8] in 1986.

In the mid 1980s, inspired by the earlier FIC and other regional community networks, a number of community activists sensed that the time was ripe to organize a continental communities network. The FIC is a nonprofit, tax-exempt charitable educational organization. Participation has been expanded to include most of North America — the Fellowship now includes a wide range of individuals, well over a hundred intentional communities, and various support organizations.[9]


  1. ^ a b Sreenivasan 2008, p. 144.
  2. ^ a b c Gurvis 2006, p. 107.
  3. ^ 501(c)(3) status
  4. ^ a b "FIC Projects and Services". The Fellowship for Intentional Communities. Archived from the original on 2011-09-02. Retrieved 2011-09-12.
  5. ^ a b c d e Morris & Kross 2009, p. 101.
  6. ^ Veysey 1978, p. 39.
  7. ^ "Bruderhof - Fellowship for Intentional Community". Fellowship for Intentional Community. Retrieved 2017-05-24.
  8. ^ Hahnel 2005, p. 366.
  9. ^ http://www.ic.org

See also[edit]


  • Christian, D. (2003). Creating a Life Together: Practical Tools to Grow Ecovillages and Intentional Communities. New Society Publishers. ISBN 0-86571-471-1.
  • Fellowship for Intentional Community. 2005. Communities Directory. 4th Edition. Rutledge, Missouri, USA. ISBN 0-9718264-2-0
  • Gurvis, Sandra. (2006). Where have all the flower children gone?. Univ. Press of Mississippi. ISBN 1-57806-314-0.
  • Hahnel, Robin. (2005). Economic justice and democracy: from competition to cooperation. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-93344-7.
  • McLaughlin, C.; Davidson, G. (1990). Builders of the Dawn: Community Lifestyles in a Changing World. Book Publishing Company. ISBN 0-913990-68-X.
  • Morris, James; Kross, Andrea L. (2009). The A to Z of Utopianism. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0-8108-6819-9.
  • Sreenivasan, Jyotsna. (2008). Utopias in American history. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 1-59884-052-5.
  • Veysey, Laurence R. (1978). The Communal Experience. University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0-226-85458-2.

External links[edit]