Fencing at the 1900 Summer Olympics – Men's foil

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Men's foil
at the Games of the II Olympiad
Venue Tuileries Garden
Date May 21
Competitors 54 from 10 nations
Medalists
1st, gold medalist(s) Émile Coste
 France
2nd, silver medalist(s) Henri Masson
 France
3rd, bronze medalist(s) Marcel Boulenger
 France
← 1896
1904 →
Fencing at the
1900 Summer Olympics
Fencing pictogram.svg
Épée men
Masters épée men
Amateurs-masters épée men
Foil men
Masters foil men
Sabre men
Masters sabre men

The amateur foil competition had 54 fencers from 10[1] nations compete. For the first round, quarterfinals, and repechage, skill and art with the foil was more important to advancing than winning the bout.

Round 1[edit]

Each fencer had one bout. The result of the bout did not determine advancement; a jury determined which fencers displayed the most skill. The winner of each bout is unknown. 37 fencers advanced to the quarterfinals.

14 May 1900
Bout Fencer 1 Fencer 2
1  Mauricio Ponce de Léon (ESP)  Félix Debax (FRA)
2  Georges Dillon-Kavanagh (FRA)  Paul Robert (SUI)
3  Carlos de Candamo (PER)  Albert Cahen (FRA)
4  Henri Masson (FRA)  Olivier Collarini (ITA)
5  Robert Marc (FRA)  G. Bélot (FRA)
6  Martini (FRA)  Henri Jobier (FRA)
7  Tony Smet (BEL)  Charles Guérin (FRA)
8  Ferrand (FRA)  Joseph Sénat (FRA)
9  Taillefert (FRA)  Grossard (FRA)
10  Calvet (FRA)  Emil Fick (SWE)
11  Adrien Guyon (FRA)  Palardi (ITA)
12  Jactel (FRA)  Giuseppe Giurato (ITA)
13  Clément de Boissière (FRA)  Gardiès (FRA)
14  Léon Thiébaut (FRA)  F. Weill (USA)
15  Giunio Fedreghini (ITA)  Piot (FRA)
16  Heinrich Rischtoff (AUT)  Pélabon (FRA)
17  Jean Weill (SUI)  Passerat (FRA)
18  André Corvington (HAI)  Édouard Fouchier (FRA)
15 May 1900
Bout Fencer 1 Fencer 2
19  Pierre Georges Louis d'Hugues (FRA)  Émile Coste (FRA)
20  Rudolf Brosch (AUT)  Marcel Boulenger (FRA)
21  H. Valarche (FRA)  de Saint-Aignan (FRA)
22  Henri Plommet (FRA)  van der Stoppen (AUT)
23  Raphaël Perrissoud (FRA)  Soudois (FRA)
24  E. Ducrot (FRA)  Albert Gauthier (FRA)
25  André de Schonen (FRA)  Paul Leroy (FRA)
26  Jean-Joseph Renaud (FRA)  Eugène Bergès (FRA)
27  Wattelier (FRA)  H.-Georges Berger (FRA)

Quarterfinals[edit]

Again, jury verdicts were used in place of match results to determine those advancing to the semifinals. 10 fencers were selected to advance to the semifinals directly, while 14 were sent to the repechage.

16 May 1900
Bout Fencer 1 Fencer 2
1  Jean-Joseph Renaud (FRA)  Félix Debax (FRA)
2  Clément de Boissière (FRA)  Adrien Guyon (FRA)
3  Henri Masson (FRA)  Carlos de Candamo (PER)
4  Tony Smet (BEL)  de Saint-Aignan (FRA)
5  Charles Guérin (FRA)  Eugène Bergès (FRA)
6  André de Schonen (FRA)  Henri Plommet (FRA)
7  Émile Coste (FRA)  Paul Robert (SUI)
8  Marcel Boulenger (FRA)  Albert Cahen (FRA)
9  E. Ducrot (FRA)  Jactel (FRA)
10  Georges Dillon-Kavanagh (FRA)  Raphaël Perrissoud (FRA)
11  Rudolf Brosch (AUT)  H. Valarche (FRA)
12  G. Bélot (FRA)  Calvet (FRA)
13  Ferrand (FRA)  Robert Marc (FRA)
14  Taillefert (FRA)  Martini (FRA)
15  Léon Thiébaut (FRA)  Mauricio Ponce de Léon (ESP)
16  Henri Jobier (FRA)  Olivier Collarini (ITA)
17  Pierre Georges Louis d'Hugues (FRA)  Albert Cahen (FRA) (Cahan fenced a second time after bout 8)
18  Joseph Sénat (FRA) without playing
 Soudois (FRA) did not start
 van der Stoppen (AUT)
 Wattelier (FRA)

Repechage[edit]

The matchups in the repechage are not known. Once again, jury verdicts rather than match results mattered. 6 fencers were selected to advance to the semifinals. De Saint-Agnan was selected as an alternate, later competing in the consolation final after the withdrawal of Renaud.

Fencer
 G. Bélot (FRA)
 Eugène Bergès (FRA)
 Rudolf Brosch (AUT)
 Georges Dillon-Kavanagh (FRA)
 Pierre Georges Louis d'Hugues (FRA)
 Joseph Sénat (FRA)
 de Saint-Aignan (FRA)
 Carlos de Candamo (PER)
 Ferrand (FRA)
 Henri Jobier (FRA)
 Henri Plommet (FRA)
 André de Schonen (FRA)
 Taillefert (FRA)
 Léon Thiébaut (FRA)

Semifinals[edit]

The semifinals were the first round of the foil tournament to use match results in determining advancement. The 16 fencers were divided into two pools. Each fencer then faced each other fencer in his pool once. The four fencers with the best record in each pool moved on to the finals, with the other four competing in the consolation. A barrage was used to break a tie between 4th and 5th place.

Pool A
Place Name Wins Losses
1  Émile Coste (FRA) 7 0
2  Henri Masson (FRA) 5 2
3  Joseph Sénat (FRA) 5 2
4  Rudolf Brosch (AUT) 3 4
5  Charles Guérin (FRA) 3 4
6  Clément de Boissière (FRA) 2 5
7  G. Bélot (FRA) 2 5
8  Tony Smet (BEL) 1 6
Pool B
Place Name Wins Losses
1  Marcel Boulenger (FRA) Unknown
2  Félix Debax (FRA)
3  Pierre Georges Louis d'Hugues (FRA)
4  Georges Dillon-Kavanagh (FRA)
5  Jean-Joseph Renaud (FRA)
6  Adrien Guyon (FRA)
7  E. Ducrot (FRA)
8  Eugène Bergès (FRA)

Consolation pool[edit]

The eight fencers who had placed in the bottom four of each pool in the semifinals competed for 9th to 16th places in the consolation pool. Renaud withdrew, making room for de Saint-Aignan to be activated from alternate status.

Place Name
1 (9th)  Clément de Boissière (FRA)
2 (10th)  Eugène Bergès (FRA)
3 (11th)  de Saint-Aignan (FRA)
4 (12th)  G. Bélot (FRA)
5 (13th)  E. Ducrot (FRA)
6 (14th)  Tony Smet (BEL)
7 (15th)  Adrien Guyon (FRA)
8 (16th)  Charles Guérin (FRA)

Final[edit]

The final was held on 21 May 1900. The top four fencers in each of the two semifinals competed against each other, each fencing the other seven once.

Place Name Wins Losses
1  Émile Coste (FRA) 6 1
2  Henri Masson (FRA) 5 2
3  Marcel Boulenger (FRA) 4 3
4  Félix Debax (FRA) 4 3
5  Pierre Georges Louis d'Hugues (FRA) 3 4
6  Joseph Sénat (FRA) 3 4
7  Georges Dillon-Kavanagh (FRA) 2 5
8  Rudolf Brosch (AUT) 1 6

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Mallon's count of 8 is based on Corvington and Smet being labelled Frenches in the first round and quarterfinals of Mallon's book; Mallon correctly has Smet as Belgian in the semifinals and final. Adding Belgium and Haiti gives the 9th and 10th nations.