Fendt

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Fendt logo on a modern tractor's front
Fendt 916 Vario with a cultivator
Fendt 415 Vario with Krone Forage and Discharge wagon

Fendt is a German manufacturer of agricultural tractors and machines, manufacturing and marketing a full line of tractors, combine harvesters and balers. It is part of the AGCO Corporation. It was founded in 1937 by Xaver Fendt and purchased by the AGCO Corporation in 1997.

History[edit]

Prior to incorporation on December 31, 1937, the Fendt brothers produced several tractors in a blacksmith shop under the guidance of their father, Johann Georg. The tractors built featured a 6HP engine, a mounted plow, and an independently driven mower.[1]

Product Range[edit]

Fendt offers a range of tractors from 70-500 hp, a range of combine harvesters formally Gleaner combines now sold under the Fendt brand from 220-500 hp, forage equipment including forage wagons, tedders, mowers and rakes badged under the Fendt brand after Fella being acquired by AGCO, Balers formally Heston balers now under the fendt brand since being acquired by AGCO, Forage harvesters 625-850 hp which use Kemper headers, tractor mounted loaders and tractors modified for the municipalities and forestry industries. Forage equipment, balers and combines can be found across most AGCO brands and in general are mechanically identical and are sold under the best performing brand respective to the area.

Tractors[edit]

Fendt 1000 Vario
Range Power Range (kW/hp)
200 Vario Series 51-81/70-110
300 Vario Series 70-92/95-135
500 Vario Series 92-121/125-165
700 Vario Series 96-132/130-240
800 Vario Series 136-151/185-287
900 Vario Series 162-265/240-390
1000 Vario Series 279-368/380-500

Balers[edit]

Square Baler Dimensions
990 80 cm x 90 cm
1270 120 cm x 70 cm
1290 120 cm x 90 cm
1290 XD 120 cm x 90 cm
12130 120 cm x 130 cm

Forage Harvesters[edit]

Fendt Katana Power (KW/hp)
65 460 kW / 625 hp
85 625 kW / 850 hp

Miscellaneous[edit]

Range
Fendt Cargo Loaders (for tractors)
Fendt Variotronic (electronic terminal for tractors/combine harvesters)
Fendt ISU Range (industrial tractors)

Technology[edit]

Vario Transmission[edit]

The Vario transmission was first developed in the 1970s, but due to lack of funding it was never seen on a production tractor until 1996, when Fendt launched the revolutionary Fendt 926 Vario. This was the first ever stepless transmission to be launched in the tractor market, and is patented to be the only truly stepless transmission when it was first developed. Competitors were unable to make a transmission as advanced as a Fendt Vario at the time with hydrostatics as the only real competition, however these soon fell out of favour. In today's market all major manufacturers offer a Stepless box which will be branded by the manufacturer individually; however most operators will refer to it as a Vario much in the way that most vacuum cleaners are referred to as a Hoover.

Fendt's infinitely variable transmission (IVT) differs from a continuously variable transmission (CVT) as an IVT can be travelling at 0.0 km/h whilst the transmission is engaged and not in neutral. The IVT/CVT gearbox is widely regarded as the most fuel efficient gearbox on the agricultural market[citation needed] prompting nearly all other major manufacturers to develop their own system. Manufacturers such as ZF, John Deere and CNH group have also developed very intuitive systems but Fendt's Vario is broadly considered a market leader[citation needed]. Variations can be found on other AGCO tractor brands such Massey Ferguson. The gearbox may be the same however the individual brands have different controls/ joystick and may have different ECU software. The IVT transmissions are extremely popular in the European market and its fuel efficiency puts it in favour of mechanical competitors, however one weakness to the Vario is its power consumption, in comparison to a mechanical transmission, most IVT/CVT gearboxes can lose 10–20 hp in the transmission due to the hydraulic swing pump element of the transmission[citation needed]. The Fendt Vario offers 60 km/h travel speed on its 800 series and 900 series models, this same transmission can also be found in 4000 series JCB tractors. Claas also use the Vario transmission sold under its CMatic brand. Claas use their own control method however it is mechanically identical to that of a Massey Ferguson as Claas use Massey Ferguson transmissions/back end.

The Trisix[edit]

Fendt TriSix on display at Agritechnica 2007

Fendt released a prototype of a new concept tractor at Agritechnica 2007, in Hannover, Germany, called the Trisix nicknamed "Mobydick" and boasting 540 horsepower and six wheel drive.

The front axle and the rearmost steer the tractor, and as the speed of the tractor increases, the amount of steering input on the rear axle reduces to make it safer. It also completely locks out when in transport mode and with some implements.

To handle the horsepower the Trisix has two of the company's trademark Vario transmissions, which push the machine up to a top speed of 60 km/h (38 mph). Fendt has not confirmed production of this machine, and it remains in prototype stage. The axles and backbone tube are from Tatra 815 series trucks and the 6x6 Tatra-based tractor concept was patented in 1997 by Farma Josef Dvorak of Tábor, Czech Republic.

Appearances in Media[edit]

A Fendt 930 Vario was shown on BBC's Top Gear, where host James May chose a 930 Vario.[2] It was driven by The Stig round the Top Gear Test Track, and did a time of 3:28.4, the second slowest time round the track. The Fendt 930 Vario does however report a top speed of 37.5 mph, much faster compared to similar competitor's tractors[citation needed].

The Fendt 716 also appeared on BBC1 Scotland, on the program Countryfile, where world class Fendt Driver, Steven Brown, of Inverdovet Farm, was awarded an award for winning the annual Scottish Fendt Ploughing Match, where he received a prize of £5,000.

Fendt tractors have appeared in the widely-popular Landwirtschafts-simulator games.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fendt History". AGCO Corp GmbH. Retrieved 26 October 2012. 
  2. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/topgear/show/episodes/series9episode5.shtml

External links[edit]