Fenerbahçe S.K. (football)

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Fenerbahçe
Fenerbahçe
Full name Fenerbahçe Spor Kulübü
Nickname(s) Sarı Kanaryalar (The Yellow Canaries)
Sarı Lacivertliler (The Navy Blue-Yellows)
Fener
Kadıköy Boğası (Kadıköy's Bull)
Founded 3 May 1907; 109 years ago as
Fenerbahçe Futbol Kulübü[a]
Ground Ülker Stadium
Ground Capacity 50,509[1]
Ground Coordinates 40°59′16″N 29°02′12″E / 40.98778°N 29.03667°E / 40.98778; 29.03667Coordinates: 40°59′16″N 29°02′12″E / 40.98778°N 29.03667°E / 40.98778; 29.03667
Chairman Aziz Yıldırım
Manager Dick Advocaat
League Süper Lig
2015–16 Süper Lig, 2nd
Website Club home page
Current season
Active departments of Fenerbahçe
Football pictogram.svg Basketball pictogram.svg Basketball pictogram.svg
Football Basketball (Men's) Basketball (Women's)
Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Table tennis pictogram.svg
Volleyball (Men's) Volleyball (Women's) Table Tennis
Swimming pictogram.svg Rowing pictogram.svg Sailing pictogram.svg
Swimming Rowing Sailing
Athletics pictogram.svg Boxing pictogram.svg
Athletics Boxing

Fenerbahçe Spor Kulübü (Turkish pronunciation: [feˈnɛrbaht͡ʃe], Fenerbahçe Sports Club), also known as Fenerbahçe or informally Fener, was founded as a football club in 1907 in Istanbul. The club's name comes from Fenerbahçe of Istanbul. Fenerbahçe is a major multi-sports club and competes in football, basketball, volleyball, athletics, swimming, sailing, rowing, boxing and table tennis with many major honours won in each. Fenerbahçe is one of the most successful and best supported football teams in Turkey, having never been relegated to lower divisions, and currently competes in the Süper Lig and the Turkish Cup. It is nicknamed Sarı Kanaryalar (Turkish for "Yellow Canaries") and plays its home games at Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium in Kadıköy, Istanbul.

Fenerbahçe has won 34 domestic trophies, including 19 Süper Lig titles, 6 Turkish Cups and 9 Turkish Super Cups. In international club football, Fenerbahçe has won one Balkans Cup trophy, which is marked as the first ever non-domestic trophy won by a Turkish club. In UEFA competitions, Fenerbahçe has reached the quarter-final in the 1963–64 season of the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup and in the 2007–08 season of the UEFA Champions League, their semi-final performance in the 2012–13 season of the UEFA Europa League is marked as their greatest achievement in European competitions.

History[edit]

The squad that won the first ever championship (1911–12)
Ziya Songülen, founder and first president of Fenerbahçe

Early years 1907–1959[edit]

Fenerbahçe was founded in 1907 in Kadıköy, Istanbul, by local men Ziya Songülen, Ayetullah Bey and Necip Okaner. This group of individuals founded the club secretly in order to keep a low profile and not get into any trouble with the strict Ottoman rule, so strict that the Sultan Abdul Hamid II forbade the Turkish youth to set up a club or engage in the game of football played by the English families that was watched in envy. Ziya Songülen was elected the first president of the club, Ayetullah Bey became the first general secretary and Necip Okaner was given the post of general captain.[2] The lighthouse situated on the Fenerbahçe cape was a big influence on the design of the club's first crest, which sported the yellow and white colors of daffodils around the lighthouse. The kits were also designed with yellow and white stripes.[2] The crest and the colors of the club were changed in 1910 when Hikmet Topuzer redesigned the badge and Ziya Songülen changed the colors to yellow and navy, still seen today. Fenerbahçe's activities were kept in secrecy until a legislation reform in 1908, when, under a new law, all football clubs had to register to exist legally.[2] Fenerbahçe joined the Istanbul Football League in 1909, finishing fifth in its first year. The founding line-up included Ziya Songülen, Ayetullah Bey, Necip Okaner, Galip Kulaksızoğlu, Hassan Sami Kocamemi, Asaf Beşpınar, Enver Yetiker, Şevkati Hulusi Bey, Fuat Hüsnü Kayacan, Hamit Hüsnü Kayacan and Nasuhi Baydar.[3] Fenerbahçe won the 1911–12 season of the Istanbul Football League marking this championship as the first success in its long history. Mustafa Elkatipzade introduced other sports to the club realizing that football should not be the only sport being practised; it is due to his efforts that Fenerbahçe Sports Club was born.[4] Fenerbahçe played against the staff of the Royal Navy that occupied Istanbul during the Turkish War of Independence. Some British soldiers formed football teams that were named after the players' speciality, for example Essex Engineers, Irish Guards, Grenadiers and Artillery. These teams played against each other and against local football teams in Istanbul. Fenerbahçe won many of these matches.[5]

Winning the first National League[edit]

Under the guidance of Ignáce Molnár the club won many trophies

The Turkish Football Federation founded a professional national league in 1959, which continues today under the name of the Süper Lig. Fenerbahçe won the first tournament, beating Galatasaray 4–1 on aggregate.[6] The next year, Fenerbahçe participated in the European Cup for the first time. They qualified through a 4–3 win over Csepel SC being the first Turkish club to advance to the next round by eliminating its opponent. They lost their first-round game to Nice 1–5 in a playoff game after drawing on aggregate.[7] Fenerbahçe reached the quarter-final of the 1963–64 European Cup Winners' Cup where it was eliminated by MTK Budapest. Fenerbahçe won four more league titles in the 1960s and were runners-up three times, making it the most successful club of that era.[8][9] Fenerbahçe was coached by Ignáce Molnár at the time, a famous Hungarian coach who had introduced a new style of football in Turkey. Under his guidance, Fenerbahçe managed to eliminate English champions Manchester City in the first round of the 1968–69 European Cup.

Balkans Cup victory[edit]

In the 1966–67 Balkans Cup (a competition set up for Eastern European clubs from Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Romania, Turkey and Yugoslavia that existed between the 1960–61 and 1993–94 seasons), Fenerbahçe won the cup after three final matches against Greek club AEK Athens, making it the first Turkish club to win a non-domestic competition. This success would remain unparalleled by a Turkish club until Sarıyer and Samsunspor won the cup many years later in the 1990s.[10]

Later years[edit]

Didi coached the club between 1972 and 1975 winning eight trophies
Kálmán Mészöly coached the club for a short period in the 1980s

The 1970s saw Fenerbahçe bring in the famous Didi as its new coach. Fenerbahçe won four more league titles, including a double with Cemil Turan being the top goal scorer three times. The 1970s also established a rivalry with Trabzonspor, where for almost a decade Fenerbahçe and Trabzonspor were competing each other for the title. The 1980s saw Fenerbahçe win three more league titles. Under the guidance of Kálmán Mészöly, Fenerbahçe managed to eliminate French champions Bordeaux in the first round of the 1985–86 European Cup. This victory marked a turning point as for almost a decade no Turkish club managed to get past the first round in European competitions.

Galatasaray and Beşiktaş dominated the Turkish League during the 1990s, combining to win nine out of ten titles. Fenerbahçe's only Turkish League success during the 1990s came in the 1995–96 season under Carlos Alberto Parreira.[8][9] In the 1996–97 UEFA Champions League season, Fenerbahçe completed the group stage with seven points[11] and, amongst others, beat Manchester United 1–0 at Old Trafford, undoing the record of the English giants being unbeaten for 40 years in their homeground.

Fenerbahçe won the league title in 2001, denying Galatasaray a fifth consecutive title. It followed up the next season with a second-place behind Galatasaray with new coach Werner Lorant. The next season, however, did not go so well: Fenerbahçe finished in sixth place.[12] Despite this, that season is memorable to many Fenerbahçe fans due to a 6–0 win against arch-rivals Galatasaray at the Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium on 6 November 2002.[13] After firing Werner Lorant, the club hired another German coach in Christoph Daum. Daum had previously coached in Turkey, winning the league with Beşiktaş in 1994–95. Fenerbahçe brought in players including Pierre van Hooijdonk, Mehmet Aurélio and Fabio Luciano as a rebuilding process. These new players lead Fenerbahçe to its 15th title and third star (one being awarded for every five league titles won by a club).[14]

The next year was followed by a narrow championship over Trabzonspor, winning a then record 16 Turkish First Football League championships.[15] Fenerbahçe lost the title in the last week of the 2005–06 season to Galatasaray. Fenerbahçe needed a win, but instead drew 1–1 with Denizlispor while Galatasaray won 3–0 over Kayserispor. Soon after, Christoph Daum resigned as manager[16] and was replaced by Zico on 4 July 2006.[17][18] Zico began his reign by signing two new defenders: highly touted Uruguayan international Diego Lugano and Zico's fellow Brazilian Edu Dracena.[19] Zico also signed two strikers in Serbian international Mateja Kežman and another Brazilian, Deivid.[20] Fenerbahçe's 2006–07 domestic season started with a 6–0 win over relegation candidates Kayseri Erciyesspor.[21] In the 32nd week of the Süper Lig, Fenerbahçe drew Trabzonspor 2–2, while Beşiktaş lost to Bursaspor 0–3, putting the former out of contention for the title.[22][23] Fenerbahçe won its 17th Süper Lig title in 2006–07.[24]

2007–2016[edit]

Zico coached the club between 2006 and 2008
Fenerbahçe against Chelsea in the second leg of the 2007–08 UEFA Champions League quarter-finals
Roberto Carlos played for the club between 2007 and 2009
Fenerbahçe against Lokomotiv Moscow in the second leg of the UEFA Europa League round of 32

On 11 January 2007, Fenerbahçe was officially invited to G-14.[25] G-14 is an association which consists of top European clubs. Fenerbahçe is the only Turkish club that have been invited to this association. In March 2008, Fenerbahçe's record application's accepted by Guinness World Records Menagement Team, which envisages Fenerbahçe to have the most medal and trophy achievements on the planet with its nine branches entirely, a total of 1,134 cups and medals.[26] Under Zico's command, Fenerbahçe qualified from the 2007–08 Champions League group stage for the first time in the club's history and went on to beat Sevilla to become a quarter-finalist in the 2007–08 season. Zico is also the most successful manager of the team's history in the Champions League. After successful scores both in local league of Turkey and international matches, Zico gained a new nickname from the Fenerbahçe fans: Kral Arthur (meaning "King Arthur" in Turkish). In February 2009, Fenerbahçe became the first Turkish club to enter the Deloitte Football Money League.[27] Since 2000, Fenerbahçe improved the club's finances and facilities, bringing world stars to the club such as Haim Revivo, Ariel Ortega, Serhiy Rebrov, Pierre van Hooijdonk, Alex, Stephen Appiah, Nicolas Anelka and, more recently, Mateja Kežman, Roberto Carlos and Daniel Güiza.

Fenerbahçe's 2009–10 season season as after losing the title on the last matchday; Fenerbahçe players were told that a draw would be enough towards the end of the match only to find out that the other critical game went against their favour, as Bursaspor beat Beşiktaş 2–1 to win the title. Despite the title loss, Fenerbahçe ended the season with the most clean sheets (10), as well as the joint longest winning streak (8).[28] On 3 July 2011, directors of club were arrested and Fenerbahçe was accused with match-fixing in six matches during the previous season. The team was not punished with any type of penalty in local division nor accusations were not proved to be wrong. In July 2011, Fenerbahçe fans invaded the pitch during a friendly against the Ukrainian champions Shakhtar Donetsk. As punishment, Fenerbahçe was sentenced to two Süper Lig games in an empty stadium. The TFF later allowed those two games to be filled with spectators; men were barred, while women and children under 12 were admitted for free.[29] On 29 October 2012, Antalyaspor ended Fenerbahçe’s 47-match unbeaten run in the Süper Lig at the Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium. Fenerbahçe had not lost a match at home since they were beaten 2–3 by eventual champions Bursaspor in week 22, on 22 February 2010. Fenerbahçe won 38 and drew nine in the 47 matches they played within 980 days since 22 February 2010.[30] On 3 November 2012, Fenerbahçe peck Akhisar Belediyespor to break an 181-day away jinx.[31] On 2 May 2013, Fenerbahçe was eliminated by Benfica 3–2 on aggregate in the semi-final of the 2012–13 Europa League, one of the biggest success in Fenerbahçe's history in UEFA competitions.[32][33][34]

On 28 June 2013, Ersun Yanal agreed to take charge of Fenerbahçe to replace Aykut Kocaman, who resigned in late May.[35][36] Ersun Yanal's appointment coincided with tough times for Fenerbahçe, which had just been banned from European competitions for two seasons over their involvement in a domestic match-fixing scandal. Fenerbahçe, which finished second in the Süper Lig in 2012–13, thus missed-out on the 2013–14 Champions League, which it had been due to enter in the third qualifying round.[37][38][39] Fenerbahçe finished the 2014–15 season as runners-up, forcing the board of directors to undertake some major changes. For the 2015–16 season, Fenerbahçe brought in Vítor Pereira as its new coach. Portuguese star Nani, Danish defender Simon Kjær and Robin van Persie were added to the squad to fulfill the clubs ambitions to be successful in the Süper Lig and European competitions. On 10 December 2015, Fenerbahçe played its 200th European game, against Celtic.

Former players[edit]

When it was first founded in 1907, Fenerbahçe had a large squad. One of these players, Galip Kulaksızoğlu, was the longest serving player of the original squad, spending 17 years at the club, retiring in 1924 after 216 matches.[40] Zeki Rıza Sporel was the first product of the Fenerbahçe youth system. During his 18-year career with the club, Zeki Rıza scored 470 goals in 352 matches, or 1.3 goals every match.[40] Zeki Rıza was also capped for the Turkey national team 16 times, scoring 15 goals. Cihat Arman became the first in a long-line of long-serving goalkeepers, playing 12 seasons and in 308 matches with the club.[40]

Lefter Küçükandonyadis was one of the first Turkish football players to play in Europe. Lefter spent two seasons in Europe, playing for Fiorentina and Nice before returning to Fenerbahçe. In all, Lefter scored 423 goals in 615 matches for the club, helping them to two Istanbul Football League titles and three Turkish League titles. Another player, Can Bartu, became the next big Turkish export to Europe. He was also the first Turkish football player to play in a European competition final, doing so with Fiorentina against Atlético Madrid in 1962. Can also spent some seasons playing for Venezia and Lazio before returning to Fenerbahçe in 1967. He was a four-time league champion with Fenerbahçe and scored 162 goals in 330 matches. Some of the other top Turkish players who played for Fenerbahçe include: Fikret Arıcan, Fikret Kırcan, Burhan Sargun, Nedim Doğan, Cemil Turan, Selçuk Yula, Rıdvan Dilmen and Rüştü Reçber.

Former Romania goalkeeper Ilie Datcu was the first foreigner to reach 100 caps for Fenerbahçe. In recent decades, Fenerbahçe has gained an influx of foreigners who have helped the club to a joint-record 17 league titles. Among these include Uche Okechukwu, who after 13 seasons with Fenerbahçe and Istanbulspor became the longest serving foreigner in Turkey. During Uche's career with Fenerbahçe, he won two league titles and became a fan favourite. More recently, Fenerbahçe has been the home to Brazilian-born Mehmet Aurélio who, in 2006, became the first naturalized Turkish citizen to play for the Turkey national team. Wederson, another Brazilian-born naturalized Turkish citizen, was added to the squad at the beginning of the 2007–08 season and subsequently played for Bursaspor after his release by Fenerbahçe on 31 May 2010. Alex is another Brazilian player who scored the most goals of all foreign players who have played for Fenerbahçe. Some of the other top players who played for Fenerbahçe include: Jay-Jay Okocha (1996–98), Kenneth Andersson (2000–02), Ariel Ortega (2002–03), Pierre van Hooijdonk (2003–05), Nicolas Anelka (2005–06), Mateja Kežman (2006–09) and Roberto Carlos (2007–09)

Supporters[edit]

Fenerbahçe fans are known as "Number 12" as to their continuous support as if they are in the field playing as the "12th player" on the team. Jersey number 12 is dedicated to the fans and no player on the team wears it. Many fanzines, blogs, podcasts, forums and fans websites have been dedicated to the team and the fans have long-standing rivalries with several other clubs, the most notable of which is with neighbours Galatasaray with which the club regularly contests the Intercontinental derby with, as well as with Beşiktaş, which Fenerbahçe regularly contests the Istanbul derby with. Since rebuilding the Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium, the club's average attendances have been in the top in Turkey.[41] Fenerbahçe has a number of supporters organisations, including Genç Fenerbahçeliler (GFB), Kill For You (KFY), UniFeb (Fenerbahçe Supporters of University Students), Grup CK (Cefakâr Kanaryalar), Vamos Bien (A Leftist Group), Ultras Fener and EuroFeb (Fenerbahçe Supporters of who live in Europe). The supporters motto is Hep Destek Tam Destek, abbreviated as HDTD (English: Continuous Unwavering Support, Spanish: Te Apoyo Siempre, Te Apoyo Entodo). In addition to the usual Turkish football chants, Fenerbahçe's supporters mostly sing "Fenerbahçe Anthem", sung to the tune of Eviva España, "1907 Anthem", "100th Year Anthem", "Being a Fenerbahçe Fan" and "My Blood is Yellow and Navy" anthems in Şükrü Saraçoğlu Stadium before matches. More recently, in November 2011 Fenerbahçe's Genç Fenerbahçeliler created a friendly relationship with Torcida Sandžak, the organized supporters of Serbian club Novi Pazar. During a Süper Lig match against İstanbul Büyükşehir Belediyespor at the Şükrü Saraçoğlu Stadium, the Genç Fenerbahçeliler and 1907 Gençlik stand deployed a giant banner reading "Kalbimiz Seninle Novi Pazar" ("Novi Pazar, Our Heart With You")[42] and after then in Radnicki Kragujevac match of Serbian SuperLiga, Torcida Sandžak stand deployed a giant banner reading "Sancak'ta atıyor, Fenerbahçe'nin kalbi" ("Heartbeating of Fenerbahçe in Sandžak").[43] On 2 March 2012, Fenerbahçe's Genç Fenerbahçeliler and 1907 Gençlik supporters groups members invited to Novi Pazar for Partizan match in the Serbian SuperLiga. Thousands of Torcida Sandžak members welcomed Genç Fenerbahçeliler and 1907 Gençlik's 17 members.[44]

Stadium[edit]

Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium
Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium groundbreaking

Fenerbahçe play its home matches at the Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium,[45] in the Kadıköy district of Istanbul, since 1908. Most recently renovated between 1999 and 2006, its capacity is 50,509.[1] Unusually for a Turkish football stadium, there is no running track around the perimeter of the pitch. The club's museum has been situated in the stadium since 2005, after having been housed at a variety of locations.[46] Before Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium was built, the field was known as Papazın Çayırı ("The field of the priest"). The field, however, became the very first football pitch of Turkey, where the first league games of the Istanbul Football League were all held successively. In 1908, local teams of the league needed a regular soccer field, so this land was leased from the Ottoman Sultan Abdülhamid II for 30 Ottoman gold pounds a year. The total construction cost was 3,000 Ottoman gold pounds. The name was changed to the Union Club Field after the club which made the highest donation for the construction.

The Union Club Field was used by many teams in İstanbul, including the owner, Union Club (which changed its name to İttihatspor after World War I), Fenerbahçe, Galatasaray and Beşiktaş. However, it had lost its importance when a bigger venue, the Taksim Stadium, was built in 1922, inside the courtyard of the historic Taksim Topçu Kışlası (Taksim Artillery Barracks), which was located at the present-day Taksim Gezi Parkı (Taksim Park). İttihatspor (which had close relations with the political İttihat ve Terakki), was forced to sell it to the state, in which Şükrü Saracoğlu was a member of the CHP government. Thus, the ownership of the stadium passed to the state, but the field was immediately leased to Fenerbahçe. Later, on 27 May 1933, Fenerbahçe purchased the stadium from the government when Şükrü Saracoğlu was the president of Fenerbahçe, for either the symbolic amount of 1 TL or the worth of the stadium which was 9000 TL.

Şükrü Saracoğlu is the longest serving president of the club

The name of the field was changed to Fenerbahçe Stadium, and this made Fenerbahçe the first football club in Turkey to own its stadium, with the help of the government. In the following years, Fenerbahçe renovated the stadium and increased its seating capacity. By 1949, Fenerbahçe Stadium was the largest football venue in Turkey, with a seating capacity of 25,000. The name of the stadium was changed once more in 1998, becoming Fenerbahçe Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium, named after Fenerbahçe's president and Turkey's sixth prime minister, Şükrü Saracoğlu. In 1999, the latest round of renovations and capacity increasing projects started. The tribunes on the four sides of the stadium were torn down one at a time, as the Turkish Super League seasons progressed, and the entire renewal and construction project was finalised in 2006, with the efforts of the Fenerbahçe president Aziz Yıldırım and the team's board of directors.

Şükrü Saracoğlu[edit]

Main article: Şükrü Saracoğlu

Mehmet Şükrü Saracoğlu was a politician and was to be the fifth prime minister of Turkey. He was born in 1887 at Odemis. Saracoğlu progressed as being a teacher before graduating from foreign faculties. Saracoğlu also became the Minister of Education in 1924. Saracoğlu was successful at every area even in politics and was a statesman in Turkey. He was also a keen Fenerbahçe supporter and was the president of the club from 1934 to 1950, which made him the longest serving Fenerbahçe president. In 1953, three years after retiring from politics, he died in Istanbul on 27 December.[47]

Club crest and colours[edit]

Fenerbahçe's yellow and white were the first colours of the club
Fenerbahçe changed its colours to yellow and navy blue in 1908

Since the club's foundation, Fenerbahçe has used the same badge, which has only undergone minor alterations.

It was designed by Hikmet Topuzer, nicknamed Topuz Hikmet, who played as left winger, in 1910, and had made as lapel pins by Tevfik Haccar Taşçı in London. The crest consists of five colours. The white section which includes the writing Fenerbahçe Spor Kulübü ★ 1907 ★ represents purity and open-heartedness, the red section represents love and attachment to the club and symbolises the Turkish flag. The yellow section symbolises other ones' envy and jealousy about Fenerbahçe, while the navy symbolises nobility. The oak leaf which rises from the navy and yellow section shows the force and the power of being a member of Fenerbahçe. The green colour of the leaf shows the success of Fenerbahçe is imperative.[48] Hikmet Topuzer describes the story of the emblem as below:

Rivalries with other Istanbul clubs[edit]

"The big three" clubs of Istanbul (Beşiktaş, Galatasaray and Fenerbahçe) have a century-long history of rivalry. The Fenerbahçe–Galatasaray rivalry is the primary Istanbul derby and the most important rivalry in Turkish football; matches between the two teams are known as Kıtalar Arası Derbi ("Intercontinental Derby"). The rivalry started on 23 February 1934, when a friendly game between both clubs turned into a riot, forcing the match to be abandoned.

The rivalry has led to violence among supporters on numerous occasions.[49] Torches, smoke, flags, and giant posters are used to create visual grandeur and apply psychological pressure on visiting teams, which fans call "welcoming them to hell".

Players[edit]

Current squad[edit]

As of 2 January 2017[50] Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Turkey GK Volkan Demirel (captain)
3 Turkey DF Hasan Ali Kaldırım
4 Denmark DF Simon Kjær (2nd vice-captain)
5 Turkey MF Mehmet Topal (vice-captain)
6 Brazil MF Souza
7 Turkey MF Alper Potuk
8 Turkey MF Ozan Tufan
9 Brazil FW Fernandão
10 Netherlands FW Robin van Persie
11 Ukraine MF Oleksandr Karavayev (on loan from Shakhtar)
13 Turkey GK Ertuğrul Taşkıran
15 Turkey MF Uygar Mert Zeybek
17 Senegal FW Moussa Sow (on loan from Al-Ahli)
No. Position Player
19 Turkey DF Şener Özbayraklı
20 Turkey MF Volkan Şen
22 Turkey DF İsmail Köybaşı
23 Netherlands DF Gregory van der Wiel
29 Nigeria FW Emmanuel Emenike
33 Russia DF Roman Neustädter
37 Slovakia DF Martin Škrtel
40 Brazil GK Fabiano (on loan from Porto)
48 Turkey MF Salih Uçan
77 Netherlands MF Jeremain Lens (on loan from Sunderland)
92 Morocco MF Aatif Chahechouhe
99 Slovakia MF Miroslav Stoch

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
16 Turkey DF Berkay Can Değirmencioğlu (at Turkey Şanlıurfaspor until 31 May 2017)
41 Turkey DF Hakan Çinemre (at Turkey Eskişehirspor until 31 May 2017)
54 Turkey GK Erten Ersu (at Turkey Gaziantepspor until 31 May 2017)
- Turkey FW Beykan Şimşek (at Turkey Sivasspor until 31 May 2018)
- Turkey MF Ramazan Civelek (at Turkey Gaziantep Büyükşehir Belediyespor until 31 May 2017)

Fenerbahçe A2[edit]

Main article: Fenerbahçe S.K. A2[51]

Academy teams[edit]

Retired number(s)[edit]

Team captains[edit]

Player records[edit]

European record[edit]

Fenerbahçe have recorded wins against Europe's top clubs, including Manchester United, Parma, Sevilla, Internazionale, Rangers, Anderlecht, PSV, Marseille, Ajax, Borussia Mönchengladbach, Manchester City, Bordeaux, Lazio, Benfica, CSKA Moscow, Chelsea and IFK Göteborg, among many others.

European Cup / UEFA Champions League[edit]

European Cup / UEFA Champions League
Season Round Rival Home Away Agg.
1959–60 Preliminary round Hungary Csepel 1–1 2–3 4–3
Round of 16 France Nice 2–1 2–1 3–3 (a)
1961–62 First round Germany 1. FC Nürnberg 1–2 1–0 1–3
1964–65 Preliminary round Netherlands DWS 0–1 3–1 1–4
1965–66 Preliminary round Belgium Anderlecht 0–0 5–1 1–5
1968–69 First round England Manchester City 2–1 0–0 2–1
Second round Netherlands Ajax 0–2 2–0 0–4
1970–71 First round East Germany Carl Zeiss Jena 0–4 1–0 0–5
1974–75 First round Luxembourg Jeunesse Esch 2–0 2–3 5–2
Second round Poland Ruch Chorzów 0–2 2–1 1–4
1975–76 First round Portugal Benfica 1–0 7–0 1–7
1978–79 First round Netherlands PSV 2–1 6–1 3–7
1983–84 First round Czech Republic Bohemians Praha 0–1 4–0 0–5
1985–86 First round France Bordeaux 0–0 2–3 3–2
Second round Sweden IFK Göteborg 2–1 4–0 2–5
1989–90 First round Czech Republic Sparta Prague 1–2 3–1 2–5
1996–97 Qualifying round Israel Maccabi Tel Aviv 1–1 0–1 2–1
Group Stage
(Group C)
Austria Rapid Wien 1–0 1–1
Italy Juventus 0–1 2–0
England Manchester United 0–2 0–1
2001–02 Third qualifying round Scotland Rangers 2–1 0–0 2–1
Group Stage
(Group F)
Spain Barcelona 0–3 1–0
France Lyon 0–1 3–1
Germany Bayer Leverkusen 1–2 2–1
2002–03 Third qualifying round Netherlands Feyenoord 0–2 1–0 0–3
2004–05 Group Stage
(Group D)
Czech Republic Sparta Prague 1–0 0–1
England Manchester United 3–0 6–2
France Lyon 1–4 4–2
2005–06 Group Stage
(Group E)
Italy Milan 0–4 3–1
Netherlands PSV 3–0 2–0
Germany Schalke 04 3–3 2–0
2006–07 Second qualifying round Faroe Islands B36 4–0 0–5 9–0
Third qualifying round Ukraine Dynamo Kyiv 2–2 3–1 3–5
2007–08 Third qualifying round Belgium Anderlecht 1–0 0–2 3–0
Group Stage
(Group G)
Italy Inter Milan 1–0 3–0
Russia CSKA Moscow 3–1 2–2
Netherlands PSV 2–0 0–0
Round of 16 Spain Sevilla 3–2 3–2 (a.e.t.) 5–5 (3–2 p.)
Quarter-finals England Chelsea 2–1 2–0 2–3
2008–09 Second qualifying round Hungary MTK Budapest 2–0 0–5 7–0
Third qualifying round Serbia Partizan 2–1 2–2 4–3
Group Stage
(Group G)
Portugal Porto 1–2 3–1
Ukraine Dynamo Kyiv 0–0 1–0
England Arsenal 2–5 0–0
2010–11 Third qualifying round Switzerland Young Boys 0–1 2–2 2–3
2011–12
Banned[52]
2012–13 Third qualifying round Romania Vaslui 1–1 1–4 5–2
Play-off round Russia Spartak Moscow 1–1 2–1 2–3
2013–14 Third qualifying round Austria Red Bull Salzburg 3–1 1–1 4–2
Play-off round England Arsenal 0–3 2–0 0–5
2014–15
Banned[53]
2015–16 Third qualifying round Ukraine Shakhtar Donetsk 0–0 3–0 0–3
2016–17 Third qualifying round France Monaco 2–1 3–1 3–4

UEFA Cup / UEFA Europa League[edit]

UEFA Cup / UEFA Europa League
Season Round Rival Home Away Agg.
1971–72 First round Hungary Ferencváros 1–1 3–1 2–4
1972–73 First round Poland Ruch Chorzów 1–0 3–0 1–3
1973–74 First round Romania Argeș Pitești 5–1 1–1 6–2
Second round France Nice 2–0 4–0 2–4
1976–77 First round Hungary Videoton 2–1 4–0 2–5
1977–78 First round England Aston Villa 0–4 2–0 0–6
1980–81 First round Bulgaria Beroe Stara Zagora 0–1 2–1 1–3
1984–85 First round Italy Fiorentina 0–1 2–0 0–3
1990–91 First round Portugal Vitória de Guimarães 3–0 2–3 6–2
Second round Italy Atalanta 0–1 4–1 5–1
1992–93 First round Bulgaria Botev Plovdiv 3–1 2–2 5–3
Second round Czech Republic Sigma Olomouc 1–0 7–1 7–2
1994–95 Preliminary round Azerbaijan Turan Tovuz 5–0 0–2 7–0
First round France Cannes 1–5 4–0 1–9
1995–96 Preliminary round Albania Partizani Tirana 2–0 0–4 6–0
First round Spain Real Betis 1–2 2–0 1–4
1997–98 First round Romania Steaua București 1–2 0–0 1–2
1998–99 Second qualifying round Sweden IFK Göteborg 1–0 2–1 2–2 (a)
First round Italy Parma 1–0 1–3 2–3
1999–00 First round Hungary MTK Budapest 0–2 0–0 0–2
2002–03 First round Sweden AIK 3–1 3–3 6–4
Second round Greece Panathinaikos 1–1 4–1 2–5
2004–05 Round of 32 Spain Real Zaragoza 0–1 2–1 3–1
2006–07 First round Denmark Randers 2–1 0–3 5–1
Group Stage
(Group H)
England Newcastle United 1–0
Italy Palermo 3–0
Spain Celta Vigo 1–0
Germany Eintracht Frankfurt 2–2
Round of 32 Netherlands AZ 3–3 2–2 5–5 (a)
2009–10 Third qualifying round Hungary Budapest Honvéd 5–1 1–1 6–2
Play-off round Switzerland Sion 2–2 0–2 4–2
Group Stage
(Group G)
Netherlands Twente 1–2 0–1
Moldova Sheriff Tiraspol 1–0 0–1
Romania Steaua București 3–1 0–1
Round of 32 France Lille 1–1 2–1 2–3
2010–11 Play-off round Greece PAOK 1–1 1–0 1–2
2011–12
Banned
2012–13 Group Stage
(Group C)
France Marseille 2–2 0–1
Germany Mönchengladbach 0–3 2–4
Cyprus AEL Limassol 2–0 0–1
Round of 32 Belarus BATE Borisov 1–0 0–0 1–0
Round of 16 Czech Republic Viktoria Plzeň 1–1 0–1 2–1
Quarter-finals Italy Lazio 2–0 1–1 3–1
Semi-finals Portugal Benfica 1–0 3–1 2–3
2013–14
Banned[53]
2014–15
Banned[53]
2015–16 Play-off round Greece Atromitos 3–0 0–1 4–0
Group Stage
(Group A)
Netherlands Ajax 1–0 0–0
Scotland Celtic 1–1 2–2
Norway Molde 1–3 0–2
Round of 32 Russia Lokomotiv Moscow 2–0 1–1 3–1
Round of 16 Portugal Braga 1–0 4–1 2–4
2016–17 Play-off round Switzerland Grasshopper 3–0 0–2 5–0
Group Stage
(Group A)
England Manchester United 2–1 4–1
Netherlands Feyenoord 1–0 0–1
Ukraine Zorya Luhansk 2–0 1–1
Round of 32 Russia Krasnodar 1–1 1–0 1–2

European history[edit]

Season Achievement Notes
UEFA Champions League
2007–08 Quarter-Finalist eliminated by England Chelsea 2–1 in Istanbul, 0–2 in London
UEFA Europa League
2012–13 Semi-Finalist eliminated by Portugal Benfica 1–0 in Istanbul, 1–3 in Lisbon

Competition[edit]

As of 24 February 2017
Competition Pld W D L
UEFA Champions League 103 32 19 52
UEFA Europa League 104 45 24 35
UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 9 3 1 5

League and domestic cup history[edit]

Season Pos. Pl. W D L GS GA P Domestic Cup
2003–04 1 34 23 7 4 82 41 76 Semi-Finals
2004–05 1 34 26 2 6 77 24 80 Runners-Up
2005–06 2 34 25 6 3 90 34 81 Runners-Up
2006–07 1 34 20 10 4 65 21 70 Semi-Finals
2007–08 2 34 22 7 5 72 37 73 Quarter-Finals
2008–09 4 34 18 7 9 60 36 61 Runners-Up
2009–10 2 34 23 5 6 61 28 74 Runners-Up
2010–11 1 34 26 4 4 84 34 82 Group stage
2011–12 2 34 20 8 6 61 34 68 Winners
2012–13 2 34 18 7 9 56 39 61 Winners
2013–14 1 34 23 5 6 74 33 74 Fourth Round
2014–15 2 34 22 8 4 60 29 74 Semi-Finals
2015–16 2 34 22 8 4 60 27 74 Runners-Up

Honours[edit]

For more details on this topic, see Fenerbahçe S.K. seasons.

Competitions[edit]

International[edit]

Domestic[edit]

National Championships – 28 (record)

1933, 1935, 1944
1936–37, 1939–40, 1942–43, 1944–45, 1945–46, 1949–50

National Cup – 6

National Super Cup – 9

Others[edit]

European[edit]

1966–67

Domestic[edit]

1945, 1946, 1950, 1973, 1980, 1989, 1993, 1998
1964, 1998
1969, 1973, 1975, 1976, 1978, 1979, 1980, 1982, 1985, 1986, 1994, 1995
1967
1911–12, 1913–14, 1920–21, 1922–23, 1929–30, 1932–33, 1934–35, 1935–36, 1936–37, 1943–44, 1946–47, 1947–48, 1952–53, 1956–57, 1958–59
1945
1930, 1934, 1938, 1939

Fenerbahçe as a company[edit]

Fenerbahçe Futbol A.Ş. is a listed company in Borsa Istanbul as BİST: FENER; Fenerbahçe Spor Kulübü owns a 67.07% stake. The company had a negative equity of 424,317,388 Turkish lire; total assets of 311,233,179 lire; revenue 317,610,262 lire and a net loss of 181,234,264 in the 2014–15 season.[54] Fenerbahçe S.K. entered a settlement agreement with UEFA for breaching UEFA Financial Fair Play Regulations (FFP) on 20 May 2016.[55] The club was required to have an aggregate break-even in 2019 (2016–17, 2017–18 and 2018–19 season), and more specifically a maximum annual net loss of €30 million, €20 million and €10 million in 2015–16, 2016–17 and 2017–18 seasons. Turkish clubs Beşiktaş, Kardemir Karabükspor and Trabzonspor (twice) also entered into settlement agreements in 2014, 2015 and 2016, with Bursaspor and Galatasaray being banned from European football in 2015 and 2016 respectively due to breaching overdue payable and the settlement agreement respectively.

Trivia[edit]

Club league highs and lows[edit]

  • Most:
    • Most Total Wins: 29 (1988–89)
    • Most Total Draws: 16 (1985–86)
    • Most Total Defeats: 13 (1987–88)
    • Most Total Wins In A Row: 12 (2005–06)
    • Most Total Defeats In A Row: 3 (1966–67, 1980–81, 1987–88, 1992–93)
    • Most Total Goals Scored: 103 (1988–89)
    • Most Total Goals Conceded: 53 (1990–91)
    • Highest Number of Points in any Half of a Season: 49/51 (2010–11)
 
  • Fewest
    • Fewest total wins: 9 (1980–81)
    • Fewest total draws: 2 (1959, 1991–92, 2004–05)
    • Fewest total defeats: 1 (1959, 1963–64, 1988–89)
    • Fewest total goals scored: 31 (1969–70, 1976–77, 1979–80)
    • Fewest total goals conceded: 6 (1969–70)

Staff[edit]

Manager Netherlands Dick Advocaat
Administrative Manager Turkey Hasan Çetinkaya
Assistant Coach Netherlands Mario Been
Assistant Coach Netherlands Cor Pot
Goalkeeper Coach Italy Paolo Orlandoni
Doctor Turkey Burak Kunduracıoğlu
Physiotherapist Turkey Umut Şahin
Physiotherapist Turkey Ata Özgür Ercan
Physiotherapist Turkey Bülent Uyar

Source: Fenerbahce.org