Feng County, Jiangsu
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||1,450.2 km2 (559.9 sq mi)|
|• Density||820/km2 (2,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
Feng County, or Fengxian (simplified Chinese: 丰县; traditional Chinese: 豐縣; pinyin: Fēng Xiàn), is under the administration of Xuzhou, Jiangsu province, China. The northwestern most county in the province, it borders the provinces of Shandong to the north and west, and Anhui to the south.
The county was called Fengyi (豐邑) before the Han dynasty, while the character "邑" can be thought of as "city". It is named after a river, which used to drain into the Si River but has been disappeared, the Feng River (豐水). Or since the local land was deemed to be fertile, the name was given to the county, one of "豐"'s literal meaning is just "fertile".
Although Feng was a town at the very beginning, the size of its city probably rivaled a county's city. It was promoted to a county afterwards, a mainstream viewpoint about the exact time is around 195 BC. At first, its area belonged to the state of Song. After Song exterminated by Qi, perhaps its major part was under the jurisdiction of Fangyu Commandery, the state of Wei. It was transferred to Sishuan Commandery during the Qin dynasty. Since the Western Han, Sishuan was renamed Sishui, then Pei later, while Feng County was under the jurisdiction of Pei Commandery, Yu Province until 583, when Emperor Wen of Sui reigned, Pei Commandery was merged into Pengcheng Commandery. After that Feng County is a part of Xuzhou all along, except it was under the jurisdiction of Prefecture of Teng County during 1950–53.
- www.xzqh.org (Chinese)
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