Fengtai District

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Fengtai
丰台区
District
Beijingxi Station
Location of Fengtai District in Beijing
Location of Fengtai District in Beijing
Country People's Republic of China
Municipality Beijing
Township-level divisions 14 subdistricts
2 town
5 townships
Area
 • Total 306 km2 (118 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,112,000
 • Density 6,900/km2 (18,000/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 100071
Area code(s) 0010
Website www.bjft.gov.cn

Fengtai District (simplified Chinese: 丰台区; traditional Chinese: 豐台區; pinyin: Fēngtái Qū) is a district of the municipality of Beijing. It lies to the southwest of the city center, extending into the city's southwestern suburbs.

History[edit]

The Western Han dynasty Prince Liu Jian and his wife were buried in Dabaotai village in southwestern Fengtai over 2,000 years ago. The tombs were discovered in 1974 and are now open to visitors at the Dabaotai Western Han Dynasty Mausoleum on Fengbo Road.

The western gate of Wanping Fortress, seen from the plaza at the entrance to Marco Polo Bridge - historically, the only bridge connecting the two halves of today's Fengtai District. The stele in memory of Kangxi Emperor's repairs to the bridge, held by a bixi tortoise, is in the foreground

In Qing Dynasty times, Fengtai was where the Imperial Manchu Army had its camps, trained, and held parades on festive occasions.[citation needed]

It is 304.2 square kilometres (117.5 sq mi) in area, making it the third-largest precinct in the greater urban part of Beijing, and is home to 790,000 inhabitants.

It is divided into 14 subdistricts of the city proper of Beijing, 2 towns, and 5 townships (2 of which are suburbs of the city proper of Beijing). This precinct is newly urbanized in comparison to those precincts in the old city, and until the mid-1980s, it was still a mostly rural area where pig pens and goat pens were common, and major parts of the precinct had no electricity. It was only during the recent[when?] rapid economic development that the precinct was urbanized. Its postal code is 100071.[citation needed]

Changxindian (population 78,092) and Yungang (population 32,894) Subdistricts of Beijing make up an urban area distinct from Beijing.[citation needed]

The district is mainly an industrial area (there are Beijing county level development zones including Fengtai Baipengyao Industrial Warehousing Area, Fengtai Changxindian Industrial Area, Fengtai materials Transport Area), but there are several cultural and historical sites such as the China Space Museum, Fengtai Park, and the Marco Polo Bridge (Lugou Bridge).

Administrative divisions[edit]

The district administers 14 subdistricts, 2 towns, and 5 townships of which carry the "area" (地区) label:[1][2]

Name Chinese (S) Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010)[3] Area (km2)
Fengtai Subdistrict 丰台街道 Fēngtái Jiēdào 144,185 8.90
You'anmen Subdistrict 右安门街道 Yòu'ānmén Jiēdào 83,936 4.32
Taipingqiao Subdistrict 太平桥街道 Tàipíngqiáo Jiēdào 63,588 9.81
Xiluoyuan Subdistrict 西罗园街道 Xīluōyuán Jiēdào 83,430 3.02
Dahongmen Subdistrict 大红门街道 Dàhóngmén Jiēdào 193,382 13.50
Nanyuan Subdistrict 南苑街道 Nányuàn Jiēdào 48,076 28.00
Donggaodi Subdistrict 东高地街道 Dōnggāodì Jiēdào 44,912 4.00
Dongtiejiangying Subdistrict 东铁匠营街道 Dōngtiějiàngyíng Jiēdào 144,894 13.20
Lugouqiao Subdistrict 卢沟桥街道 Lúgōuqiáo Jiēdào 181,666 59.73
Xincun Subdistrict 新村街道 Xīncūn Jiēdào 159,357 8.68
Changxindian Subdistrict 长辛店街道 Zhǎngxīndiàn Jiēdào 80,639 46.63
Yungang Subdistrict 云岗街道 Yúngǎng Jiēdào 32,711 8.53
Majiabao Subdistrict 马家堡街道 Mǎjiābǎo Jiēdào 119,595 4.90
Heyi Subdistrict 和义街道 Héyì Jiēdào 40,477 6.80
Fangzhuang Area 方庄地区 Fāngzhuāng Dìqū 83,454 5.53
Wuanpingcheng Area 宛平城地区 Wǎnpíngchéng Dìqū 49,180 22.10
Lugouqiao Area 卢沟桥地区 Lúgōuqiáo Dìqū 173,690 56.30
Huaxiang Area 花乡地区 Huāxiāng Dìqū 143,041 50.15
Nanyuan Area 南苑地区 Nányuàn Dìqū 140,155 56.74
Changxindian Town 长辛店镇 Zhǎngxīndiàn Zhèn 47,986 58.60
Wangzuo Town 王佐镇 Wángzuǒ Zhèn 53,808 61.33

Communities[edit]

Transportation[edit]

The southwestern stretches of the 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th Ring Roads all run through the area, as well as the Jingshi Expressway (Jingzhu Expressway).

Beijing Nanyuan Airport is located in the district.

Beijing West Railway Station and Beijing South Railway Station, the only stations in Beijing with high-speed rail service, are both located in the northeastern part of Fengtai, near its border with Xicheng.

Metro[edit]

Fengtai is currently served by nine metro lines operated by Beijing Subway:

Tourism[edit]

Economy[edit]

China United Airlines has its headquarters in Fengtai District.[4] Okay Airways previously had its headquarters in Fengtai District.[5][6]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ These townships are officially classified as subdistricts, but as they coincide with the area of the same name, they are commonly named "areas" (地区)
  2. ^ 2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:丰台区 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-08-07. 
  3. ^ shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2. 
  4. ^ "联系我们." China United Airlines. Retrieved on October 12, 2012. "北京市丰台区警备东路6号西区一号院"
  5. ^ "北京总公司." Okay Airways. Retrieved on October 4, 2009. "北京总公司" and "北京市丰台区方庄芳星园三区18号"
  6. ^ "China to approve private airline - report.(Okay Airways Co)(Brief Article)." Airline Industry Information. February 22, 2005. Retrieved on October 4, 2009.

General references[edit]

  • Harper, Damian, Beijing: City Guide, 7th Edition, Oakland, California: Lonely Planet Publications, 2007. Cf. pp. 96–98, 138, 266-267.
  • Harper, Damian, Beijing: City Guide, 6th Edition, Oakland, California : Lonely Planet Publications, 2005. ISBN 1-74059-782-6. Cf. section beginning on p. 88, "Fengtai & Xuanwu".

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°49′42″N 116°16′56″E / 39.828273°N 116.282161°E / 39.828273; 116.282161